(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[synonyms] Cao shichan (compendium of Chinese Medicine), Shi can, tie dachou (Chinese medicine and plant records), qingzhubiao, yanjiwei, Renfa (Guizhou folk medicine), daoshuilian, Qinglian, Gu Sui Bu, Shi daoshuilian, qingdaoshuilian (Guangxi medicine and plant list), gelding Jiwei, qingdougang (Guizhou herbal medicine), Qinglonggu, lvjiaodaigudan (Jiangxi herbal medicine), guazao Jinchai Shilong (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine), qingshican (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine), shicowpea and qingshilian (Zhejiang Tianmu yam flora).
[source] it is the rhizome of Polypodiaceae.
Perennial epiphytic herbs. The rhizome is fleshy, thin rod-shaped, transverse, curved and divergent, green when fresh, black brown when dry, smooth or scaly on the surface, and often powdered; the scales are usually sparsely distributed at the base of petiole or tender part of rhizome, easy to fall off, dark brown, ovate lanceolate, with narrow and long apex, thick and obvious reticular vein, and transparent mesh. The leaves are sparse and erect; the petiole is 3-8 cm long, greenish when fresh and light brown when dry; the surface is smooth and glabrous, but there are brown spots scattered, and the base is articular; the leaves are deeply pinnate, with 14-24 pairs of pinnae, linear oblong to linear lanceolate, apex obtuse or short pointed, entire; the base pair of pinnae are usually short and slightly downward, papery, both sides densely covered with brown short hairs, and the leaves are smooth The vein is not obvious except the middle rib and main vein. The sporangium group is round, near the main vein, without sporangium cover, with many sporangia and golden yellow.
On wet rocks or tree trunks. It is distributed in Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, etc.
[collection] all year round. After harvest, remove the fibrous roots and leaves, cut into sections and dry in the sun.
[herb] the dried rhizome is rod-shaped, slightly curved, divergent and fleshy. It is 6-10 cm long and 3-4 mm in diameter. The surface is dark brown, smooth, with longitudinal wrinkles and white powder. There are fibrous root marks or residual fibrous roots on one side. It is hard and brittle, easy to break and smooth in section. Without Qi, the taste is slightly bitter.
In addition, the following plants of the same genus are also used as medicine in a few areas: Eurasian water keel, used in Xinjiang; Chinese water keel, used in Shaanxi.
Bitter and cool.
① Guizhou folk medicine: "cool, slightly bitter. "
② Zhejiang folk herbal medicine: "cool in nature, sour and pungent in taste. "
③ "Xinjiang Chinese herbal medicine manual": "Gan, Ping. "
④ Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "bitter and astringent, flat.". "
Functions and indications: remove dampness, clear away heat, dispel wind, dredge collaterals, treat Sha, filth, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, white turbidity, wind obstruction, low back pain, fire eye, sore swelling.
① Wang Anqing's collection of herbs: "detoxify sulfur and poisonous snake venom. Treatment of hair back, carbuncle, tuberculosis, bamboo, wood, fishbone, jaundice, heat drenching, eye disease, damp sores. "
② In the compendium of compendium, it is said that "the treatment of wind obstruction is the treatment of maosha. "
③ "The treatment of low back pain, Decoction with wine. "
④ "Zhixie" in Chinese medicine Zhi. "
⑤ Guizhou folk medicine: "Shujing Huoluo, Zhitong, Zhike. "
⑥ Zhejiang folk herbal medicine: "treatment of Wulin Baizhuo"
⑦ "Guangxi medicine plant directory": "bone, blood, dysentery treatment. "
⑧ "Xinjiang Chinese herbal medicine manual": "clearing away heat and toxin, calming liver and improving eyesight. Treatment of urinary tract infection, enteritis, high fever and convulsion in children. "
⑨ Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "promoting qi and activating blood circulation, eliminating swelling and removing blood stasis. It is used to treat traumatic injury, strain, lumbocrural pain, hemiplegia and alopecia. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: wash with boiling water.
[formula selection] ① after treatment, the pain of the bony joints: a handful of fresh rock chicken tail, boiling water, mixed with a little wine, washed on the body (from top to bottom) several times. (Guizhou folk medicine)
② Treatment of labor injury: Shilong, shizelan each five money, fried in water. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Cure finger sore poison: dry stone silkworm one or two, wash yellow rice wine, dregs mash apply the affected area. (records of yam planting in Tianmu, Zhejiang)
④ Treatment of wind, fire eye, swelling and pain: dry stone silkworm two liang, add rock sugar, fried in water, daily morning and evening before meals each time. (records of yam planting in Tianmu, Zhejiang)
⑤ Cure urticaria: fresh water keel rhizome two to four Liang, red jujube ten. Take it in water. In addition, take a jin of whole grass and fry it in water. Take a bath while it's hot. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑥ Cough treatment: gelding chicken tail, creeping incense, rock lettuce, stone cowpea, stone Hosta root and ginger each one money, fried in water; or medicine package in chicken or pork, stewed at the same time, every night after waking up to eat a small bowl, eat three to four times. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of children with high fever and convulsion: fresh water keel one or two, a branch of yellow flower five money, fried in water.
⑧ Treatment of urinary tract infection: water keel two liang, taro root one or two, fried in water.
⑨ Treatment of toothache: fresh water keel three money, honeysuckle five money, Chinese ivy three money, water decoction. (7) Zhejiang folk herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑩ Treatment of acute arthritis: water dragon bone root four Liang, a little rock sugar, decoction. (Xinjiang Chinese herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Shui Long Gu
Sandalwood root. Bai Tan Gen
Elderberry flower. Jie Gu Mu Hua
Juglans regia. Di He Tao
Herba Epimedii. Lu Huo
Deer tail. Lu Wei
Banyan leaves. Rong Shu Ye
Goat meat. Shan Yang Rou
Scirpus Tabernaemontani. Shui Cong
Water centipede. Shui Wu Gong
Bletilla striata. Tu Bai Ji
Grass roots in the snow. Xue Jian Cao Gen
Chasing wind umbrella. Zhui Feng San