(picture of Materia Medica in South Yunnan)
[source] it is the fruit of persimmon. See "persimmon stalk" for plant morphology.
[collection] it is picked from frost to the beginning of winter, and then eaten after Deastringency and red ripening.
[chemical constituents] the fruit contains sucrose, glucose and fructose. The immature fruit contains tannin, which is mainly composed of anthocyanins. It also contains citrulline. Fresh persimmon contains 49.7 mg% iodine.
[pharmacological action] oral administration of persimmon can promote the oxidation of alcohol in blood. Fresh persimmon has high iodine content, so it can be made into a preparation (to remove protein and colloidal substances) for thyroid diseases.
[flavor] sweet and astringent, cold.
① Bielu: "it tastes sweet, cold and nontoxic. "
② Qianjin Shizhi: "it tastes sweet, cold, astringent and non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao Yan Yi: "nature is cool. "
[meridian tropism] entering heart, lung and large intestine meridians.
① "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the heart, lung, large intestine three channels. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "start with the Taiyin and Yangming scriptures. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat, moistening lung and relieving thirst. Treatment of heat, thirst, cough, hematemesis, mouth sores.
① Bielu: "it is mainly used to ventilate the nose and ears, but the intestines are insufficient. "Soft ripe persimmon can detoxify wine and heat, stop dry mouth and suppress heat between stomach. "
② "Qianjin? Shizhi": it is mainly used to treat fire sores, golden sores and pain relief. "
③ Cui Yuxi's "food classic" said: "it is mainly used for dysentery, carbuncle and swelling, burning mouth and rotten tongue. "
④ Meng Shen: "it's mainly to make up for the deficiency. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "moisten the heart and lung, quench thirst, astringent intestines, treat lung flaccidity, heart heat, cough, expectorant, appetizer. It can also cure hematemesis. "
⑥ Jiayou materia medica: "red persimmon can replenish qi and continue meridian qi. Chen persimmon astringent under the coke, spleen and stomach qi, xiaosuxue. "
[taboo] it is not suitable to eat all kinds of diseases, such as deficiency cold of spleen and stomach, excessive phlegm and dampness in the interior, cough caused by exogenous factors, diarrhea caused by spleen deficiency, malaria, etc.
① "The book of materia medica:" persimmon should not be eaten with crab, which can cause abdominal pain. "
② According to the book of Materia Medica, it is forbidden to cough due to the cold wind in the lung meridian without fire; it is forbidden to cough due to the cold diarrhea and diarrhea, and it is forbidden to collapse of the intestines and stomach; it is forbidden to take it in the spleen family with cold accumulation, cold abdominal pain and cold vomiting. "
③ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "it is forbidden to treat all kinds of diseases, such as deficiency cold of middle Qi, excessive phlegm dampness inside, exogenous wind cold, chest and abdomen fullness, diarrhea, malaria, hernia and acne after postpartum and post disease. "
[formula selection] ① for endemic goiter: when the persimmon is immature, mash the juice and take it. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of tung oil poisoning: Persimmon or persimmon two to three oral. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
[clinical application] treatment of chronic tracheitis
Sterile water solution (0.6 g persimmon per 2 ml) was made from persimmon extract and injected into Tanzhong, Dingchuan, Feishu and Tiantu acupoints. Each acupoint was injected with 0.3-0.5 ml, and 1-2 acupoints were selected each time. Once a day or every other day, 7 times as a course of treatment. 194 cases were treated, 71 cases (36.5%) were controlled in the near future, 66 cases (34%) were markedly effective, 51 cases (26.2%) were improved, 6 cases were ineffective, the total effective rate was 96.7%. According to observation, this product has expectorant and antitussive effects, and expectorant is stronger than antitussive. However, there was pain during injection and slight pain after removing protein.
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "the nose is the orifices of the lung, and the ear is the orifices of the kidney. If the two Zang organs are inflamed by fire, the external orifices are closed and blocked, and the persimmon is sweet and cold, so that the fire is hot and the orifices are clear. The lung and large intestine are the exterior and interior, while the damp heat injures the blood, which means that the intestine is deficient in differentiation. Gan can benefit the blood, cold can remove heat, Zang Qi is clear, and Fu diseases are also removed. "
② Persimmon is suitable to live in the dry stomach and dry stomach. To large and non nuclear, ripe not astringent good. Or pick Green Persimmon, soak it with lime water, remove the astringency, peel it, it's as sweet and crisp as pear, it's called Green Persimmon. "
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Fraxinus mandshurica bark. Shui Bai La Shu Pi
Buffalo horn Morinda officinalis. Shui Niu Jiao Ba Ji Tian
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Fig leaf. Wu Hua Guo Ye