[synonyms] Yuejiao (Guangya),? Zi (the collection of Materia Medica),? Aizi (the book of Materia Medica) and spicy (compendium).
[source] it is the fruit of Ailanthus bungeana, a Rutaceae plant.
[plant morphology] Zanthoxylum ailanthum
Deciduous trees, up to 15 m high. The bark is gray brown or gray black, and the pith of young branches is often hollow. Leaflets 11-27, opposite, papery or thick papery, ovate, oblong or oblong, 8-13 cm long, 2.5-4 cm wide, apex acuminate or caudal apex, base rounded, slightly oblique, margin shallowly serrated, glandular glandular spots at the crevices, and grayish white powdery below. Flowers are unisexual, corymbose panicle terminal, small and many, pale blue or white, short pedicel, base with pointed ovate bracts; calyx 5, broadly ovate, small; petals 5, long elliptic, about 2.5 mm long; male flowers have 5 stamens, filaments linear, anthers broadly elliptic, connective tip with a glandular point, degenerate ovary very short; female flowers have short style, stigma capitate, ovary The ovary is slightly spherical and consists of 5 carpels. The follicle is formed by 2-3 mature carpels, the tip of the petal has a very short beak, and the pericarp is red. Seeds broadly elliptic and nearly semilunar, brownish black, glossy. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from October to November.
It grows in sparse forests or open fields on hillsides, and in humid places near Piedmont streams. It likes rich soil and distributes in Southeast China.
The bark of this plant (Zanthoxylum bungeanum) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] the fruits were harvested and dried in the sun from October to November.
[chemical constituents] both seed and pericarp contain isosaxifragin.
It's hard, warm and poisonous.
① Qianjin Shizhi: "hard work, warm, non-toxic. "
② Tang materia medica: "hard work, great heat. "
③ Compendium: "there are small poisons. "
[function indications] warming, dryness and dampness, killing insects and relieving pain. It is used to treat cold pain in heart and abdomen, cold drink, diarrhea, cold dysentery, dampness arthralgia, red leucorrhea and toothache.
① According to the theory of medicinal properties, "it can cure cold arthralgia, weakness of waist and foot, tingling all over the body, intestinal wind and hemorrhoids, kill the three worms in the intestine, and remove the deficiency cold. "
② "Qianjin? Shizhi" says: "it can relieve pain and lower Qi, eliminate cough and adverse reactions, remove the cold in the five zang organs, warm in the middle, and all the cold can not be eliminated. "
③ Tang materia medica: "its function is the same as that of Evodia rutaecarpa. It's better to treat water and Qi. "
④ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "master the cold and Qi pain in the heart and abdomen, and eliminate the evil. Besides the adverse effects of drinking, you can also decoct it with toothache wine. "
⑤ In the collection of materia medica: "it can cure blood poison, raise Yang, kill teeth and insects. "
⑥ "Compendium": "treat cold diarrhea, warm stomach and dry dampness. "
⑦ "Little food can dispel the wind.". "
[usage and dosage: decoction, 0.5-1 yuan; or pill, powder. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[should avoid] those with Yin deficiency and excessive fire should not take it.
① On medicinal properties: "fear of amethyst. "
② "The book of materia medica:" do not eat more, eat more eye, and hair loss. "
③ "Compendium": "move spleen fire, the disease is taboo. "
[prescription selection] ① for spleen diarrhea: two pieces of cardamom, wrapped in rice vinegar flour, simmered in ash to make it yellow and scorched, ground with flour, and stir fried olive seed. Stir fried Chencang rice at the end, each with two money fried for drink, adjust the first two things three money, one day, evening each. (Puji recipe nutmeg recipe)
② Under the treatment of red and white belt: Acorus tatarinowii, Acorus tatarinowii, etc. It's the end. Two yuan for each salt and wine. (empirical formula)
③ Cure snake bite poison: eat dogwood one or two. It's the end. Cold water regulation, divided into three clothes. (Sheng Jin Fang)
④ For those who are not speaking, they should eat one liter of Fructus Corni and three liters of Douchi. Five liters of good wine. Boil it four or five times. Cold half a liter, three or four day service, sweat will be poor.
⑤ Treatment of skin itching pain: two liters of wine, five liters of water, half a liter of Fructus Corni. Fry three liters, remove dross. Slightly warm, wash it.
⑥ Treat beriberi and flush heart: drink it with Cornus officinalis and ginger juice. (4) herbal medicine for Dietotherapy
According to Ben Jing Feng Yuan, it is said that the nature and taste of Fructus Corni are similar to those of Evodia rutaecarpa, and their functions are similar to each other. However, the text of Ben Jing has always been wrongly simplified in the article of Fructus Corni. In detail, it governs the cold and heat in the lower heart, which is called mengshen's treatment of cold and pain in the heart and abdomen; warming the middle, expelling cold and dampness, which is called evil, removing the cold in the viscera. Although it is often eaten, the pungent fragrance can help Yang, and it can dispel the stagnation of turbid Yin. Has been on the indications, how can dogwood? Its treatment with cold dysentery, warm stomach dampness, water edema, with less power than the same as Evodia rutaecarpa. "
Chinese PinYin : Shi Zhu Yu
Lily. Bai He Hua
The earth cannot tolerate. Di Bu Rong
Euphorbia humifusa. Di Jin Cao
Distiller's grains. Jiu Zao
musk. She Xiang
Musk meat. She Rou
Lotus root on stone. Shi Shang Ou
Crystal orchid. Shui Jing Lan
Luffa flower. Si Gua Hua
Fragrant Chrysanthemum. Xiang Ju
Duck's beak. Ya Zui Huang