(daily use materia medica)
[synonyms] Ganoderma lucidum (lingyuanfang), tremella fuciformis (yinpianxinshen), and Pleurotus eryngii (compilation of data on prevention and treatment of chronic tracheitis in Jiangxi Province).
[source] it is the fruiting body of the family umbilicaceae.
[plant morphology] Tremella
The protoplast is single leaf, thick membranous, brittle and fragile when dry. When young, it is nearly round, with very shallow edge division; when it grows up, its outline is roughly oval, with a maximum diameter of 18 cm; it undulates irregularly, with shallow edge cracks and irregular lobes. The umbilicus is a protuberance on the back of the umbilicus, the surface of which is shrunk into a brain like protuberance reticulation, or a large and small vein ridge; there are often large and small perforations on the body, and the pseudoroot extends from the hole to the upper surface. Upper surface grayish brown to grayish brown or light brown, smooth or exfoliated bran like lobules; sometimes with maternal like lobules, up to 7 mm in diameter. The lower surface is gray brown black to black. The umbilicus is bluish gray, mixed with black, with a diameter of 4-10 mm. The roots are black and coralliform, forming dense tapetum or agglomerate, covering the lower surface of the original plant. There are about ten ascorbic discs, black, sessile, round, triangular to elliptic.
On the sunny side of a cliff. It is distributed in Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi and other places.
[collection] it can be harvested all year round and dried in the shade after harvest.
[medicinal material] the dried ear is irregular, round and flaky. The outer surface is gray brown or brown stiff, the inner surface is gray, and obvious black and white layers can be seen on the broken surface. The air is weak and the taste is light. Large and complete film is preferred.
It is mainly produced in Jiangxi.
[processing] remove impurities, wash and dry.
Sweet and smooth.
① Daily use materia medica: "it is cold in nature, sweet in taste and non-toxic. "
② "Gangmu": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
⑧ Yilin zuanyao: "salty, bitter, cold. "
Functions and indications: Nourishing Yin and stopping bleeding. Treatment of cough, vomiting blood, intestinal wind blood, hemorrhoids, anal prolapse.
① Daily use materia medica: "Qingxin, Yangwei, Zhixue. "
② The compendium of Chinese medicine: "the eye is bright, the essence is good. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "tonifying the heart, clearing the stomach, treating intestinal wind, hemorrhoids and fistulas, circulating water, relieving heat and toxin. "
④ In the collection of herbs in the south of the five ridges, it is said that "purging fire and stopping discharge". "
⑤ "Yinpianxinshen": "Qingfei Yangyin, treatment of cough and hematemesis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: pills and powder.
[prescription selection] the treatment of prolapse of anus and diarrhea of blood is more than: five liang of stone ear (stir fried), one or two of alum (burned ash), one or two of mithushen (studied carefully). It is Wutong, and it is made of water, steamed bread and pills. Every time before eating, drink 20 pills with porridge. (Sheng Hui Fang)
[clinical application] treatment of chronic tracheitis
Take 6 yuan of rock mushroom (the first dose is 1 liang), 3 liang of lean pork, add a little salt, steam with water. Steamed once in the morning, soup, steamed once in the afternoon, medicine, meat, soup all eat. A total of 230 cases (all over 50 years old) were observed, including 178 cases of simple type, 23 cases of recent control, 52 cases of marked effect, 73 cases of improvement, 30 cases of inefficacy, the total effective rate was 83.14%; 52 cases of wheezing type, 5 cases of recent control, 9 cases of marked effect, 21 cases of improvement, 17 cases of inefficacy, the total effective rate was 67.3%. After taking the medicine, the shortest onset time of cough, expectorant and antiasthmatic is 1.5 hours, and most patients take effect within 3 days. The blood pressure of 28 patients were measured before, during and after taking medicine. It was found that the blood pressure of some patients decreased after taking the first dose, and returned to normal on the second and third day. Among the 6 patients with hypertension, 2 patients' blood pressure dropped to the normal range. Side effects: occasionally mild dizziness, headache, gastrointestinal discomfort, fatigue, etc. can disappear within 2-3 days without stopping the drug. The results showed that shiitake had no bacteriostatic effect on Streptococcus A, pneumococcus and Staphylococcus aureus, and had antitussive and expectorant effects in pharmacological experiments.
Chinese PinYin : Shi Er
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Pomelo parasitism. You Shu Ji Sheng