[synonyms] xiaonanqiang (qingyilu), Naihua (danqianzalu), bahua (qunfangpu), mulihua (Chinese tree taxonomy).
[source] it is the flower of jasmine.
[plant morphology] Jasmine (compendium), also known as Moli (Southern vegetation), Moli (Luoyang famous garden), Wuli (Meixi Poetry), Moli (Hongmai).
Evergreen shrubs. Young branches cylindrical, pubescent or subglabrous. Leaves opposite; broadly ovate or elliptic, sometimes subobovate, 4.5-9 cm long and 3.5-5.5 cm wide, apex short pointed or obtuse, base cuneate or cordate, entire, axillary veins with yellow tufts; petiole about 3-7 mm long. Cyme terminal or axillary, usually with 3 flowers; total pedicel 1-3 cm long, pilose; petiole stout, 5-10 mm long, pilose; flowers white fragrant; calyx tubular, lobes 8-10, linear, pilose or glabrous; corolla tube thin, lobes elliptic, apex obtuse; stamens 2, inserted in corolla tube; ovary 2-locular, with 2 ovules per locule. The flowering period is from June to November. It is usually fruitless after flowering.
It is cultivated in moist and fertile soil. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Sichuan and Yunnan.
The root (jasmine root) and leaf (jasmine leaf) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] the flowers should be harvested on sunny days and dried in the sun before and after July. Store in a dry place.
[medicinal materials] the dried flower is 1.5-2 cm long, about 1 cm in diameter, white when fresh, yellowish brown to tan after drying, and slightly dark at the base of corolla tube; the last open buds are all tightly folded into a spherical shape, the calyx is tubular, with 8-10 slender teeth, the outer surface has longitudinal wrinkled stripes, and is thinly short hairy; the petals are elliptic, the apex is short pointed or blunt, and the base is combined into a tubular shape . The air is fragrant and the taste is astringent. Pure and white is better.
Produced in Jiangsu, Sichuan, Guangdong and other places.
[chemical composition] the oil content of fresh flowers is generally 0.2-0.3%, and the main components are benzyl alcohol and its esters, jasmine, linalool and linalool benzoate.
Sweet and warm.
① "Compendium": "pungent, hot, non-toxic. "
② Ben Cao Zai Xin: "it tastes sweet and pungent, is hot and non-toxic. "
③ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "Xin Gan, Wen. "
④ "Yinpianxinshen": bitter and slightly sweet. "
Functions and indications: Regulating Qi, relieving depression, dispelling filth and harmonizing the middle. Treatment of diarrhea, abdominal pain, conjunctivitis, sore poison.
① It can clear the deficiency fire, remove the cold accumulation, treat the sore poison and eliminate the gangrene and tumor. "
② According to the Diet Manual of suixiju: "harmonizing the middle and lower Qi, dispelling filth and turbidity. Treat diarrhea and abdominal pain. "
③ "Yinpianxinshen": "Pinggan Jieyu, Liqi Zhitong. "
④ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "wash eyes, treat conjunctivitis. "
⑤ Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "soak in vegetable oil, drop into the ear, treat ear pain. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: decoct soup, 0.5-1 yuan; or make tea. External use: wash eyes with boiling water or soak ear drops with vegetable oil.
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