(drug records of Nanning City)
[synonyms] longdunzhu, longxuguo, fengfenghua (Nanning medical records), longzhaozhu, maobianer (Guangxi Medical Plant List).
[source] it is the whole plant or fruit of Longzhu, a family of passionflower.
[plant morphology] Longzhu fruit
Perennial grass vines. Stems weak, densely white pilose or glabrous, often climbing by tendrils, 1-2 meters long. Leaves alternate, thin papery; ovate to oblong ovate, 5-13 cm long, 4-12 cm wide, shallowly 3-lobed, margin undulate, ciliate. Apex acuminate or acuminate, base cordate, both sides and petiole pilose and mixed with a few glandular hairs; stipules ciliate, lobes apex glandular; petiole about 6 cm long; axillary tendrils sparsely pilose. Flowers are solitary, about 5 cm in diameter, surrounded by involucres composed of 3 bracts; bracts and bracteoles are pinnately divided into many hairy lobes with glands at the apex; sepals are 5, 1.5 cm long; petals are 5, white or lavender as long as sepals, and the corona is composed of 3 rows of slender lobes. Berry fleshy, ovoid, 3-5 cm long, with many oval seeds. The flowering period is summer and autumn.
Most of them are planted in villages and gardens, and some are wild. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[collection] collected in summer and autumn.
[nature and taste] "the whole plant: sweet, cool, slightly bitter. "
[functions and indications] 1. The whole plant: clearing away heat, detoxifying and promoting diuresis. Treatment of lung heat, cough, edema, turbidity. The foot ulcers are caused by application. "
② "Fruit: moisten lung, relieve pain. Treatment of scabies, nameless swelling poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan. External use: tamping.
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