[synonyms] Wu rat (Xunzi), Gou Lei (Lu's spring and Autumn Annals), Luo, Tian mole (Erya), GUI (Ben Jing), Gou Shi, CI Lei, Du Gou, Li mole (dialect), Zhi rat, Jin Gu, Gou Lei (Guangya), Shu rat (Cui Bao's ancient and modern annotations), cochlear cricket (Guangzhi), Tu Gou (Ben Shi Fang), di Gou (Diannan materia medica), lalagu (Guangya Shuzheng), Local dog cub, di Guniu (Guizhou folk medicine Collection), Labrador dog (Hebei medicinal materials), and lasquilla (Shandong traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the dry whole insect of gryllotaceae.
The body is oblong, light yellowish brown or dark brown, and the whole body is densely covered with short soft hairs. The female is about 3 cm long and the male is slightly smaller. Cephalotaxus, anterior apex obtuse, most of the head covered by anterior sternum. The antennae are filiform, reaching the posterior margin of the anterior thorax. The first segment is enlarged and the second segment is smaller. Compound eye, right, ovate, yellowish brown; there are 3 obvious monocular behind the medial side of compound eye. Developed mouthparts, chewy. The prothoracic backplane is hard and expanded, oval in shape, with a depressed longitudinal groove in the middle of the back, about 5 mm long. Wings 2 pairs, forewings leathery, short, yellowish brown, reaching only to the center of abdomen, slightly triangular; hind wings large, membranous transparent, yellowish, veins reticulate, curled up and folded like a tail at rest, beyond abdomen. There are 3 pairs of feet. The front foot is especially large, with large base, round, strong and slightly flat legs. The tibia is broad and hard. There are 4 sharp flat teeth at the tip, and the upper two teeth are large and movable. Therefore, it is suitable for digging caves and tunnels. The hind legs are large, with 3-4 movable spines on the inner margin of the dorsal side of the tibia. The abdomen is spindle shaped, the back is brown, the ventral color is light and yellowish brown. There are two inward curving bristles on both sides of the back of the terminal two segments, and two tail hairs on the last segment, which extend out of the body.
Living in moist and warm sandy soil, especially in the field with a large amount of organic fertilizer. In spring and autumn, it is the most active season. It often goes out to dig vertical and horizontal tunnels on the earth surface at night, and hides in the tunnels during the day. Strong phototaxis, able to fly. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
Mole cricket is also used for medicine. The shape is similar to that of the above species, but the body is larger, more than 4 cm long, the abdomen is cylindrical, and the rest color is lighter.
[collection] in summer and autumn, it was caught when the cultivated land was turned over, or it was trapped by lighting lights at night. After catching, it is boiled to death, dried or dried.
[medicinal material] the dried body of the insect is mostly broken and less complete. The intact one is about 3 cm long, with dark brown head and chest, black and glossy compound eyes, membranous wings, incomplete feet, wrinkled abdomen, light yellow, and black brown in some cases. Sparsely short villous, or glabrous, soft, fragile. It has a peculiar smell. It is better to be dry, complete, free of impurities and soil,
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Hebei, Anhui, Liaoning and other places,
[chemical composition] there are 13 kinds of free amino acids in hemolymph, among which alanine, histidine and valine are higher. The free amino acids in testis were alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, proline, serine, tyrosine and valine. The concentration of proline was the highest, while that of aspartic acid, serine and tyrosine was the lowest. The amino acids in urine include cystine, lysine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine and unknown amino acids; these amino acids are also owned by hemolymph. Arginine and lysine were not found in seminal vesicle.
[pharmacological action] the diuretic effect of mole cricket powder suspension could not be confirmed in rabbits. After long-term feeding, there was no toxic effect on rabbits and mice.
[processing] remove impurities, remove wings and feet, or bake to yellowish brown.
[flavor] salty, cold.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes salty and cold. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "cold, poisonous. "
[channel tropism] entering stomach and bladder.
① "Into the stomach. "
② Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "enter the intestines and stomach. "
③ In yulao Yaojie: "enter the Taiyang Sutra. "
[function indications] diuresis and defecation. Treatment of edema, stone drenching, adverse urination, scrofula, carbuncle swelling and sores.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it's mainly about dystocia, prickles in the flesh, ulcers, carbuncle swelling, choking, detoxification, and removing sores. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "for the treatment of ulcers, edema, swelling of the head and face. "
③ Zhu Zhenheng: "treat aphthous ulcer. "
④ "Gangmu": "benefit urine and urine, tongshilin, treatment of scrofula, bone jam. "
⑤ "Clearing away dampness and heat" in yulao Yaojie. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-1.5 yuan; or powder. External use: grind powder, sprinkle or twitch nose.
[should avoid] Qi deficiency and pregnant women should not take it.
[formula selection] ① for the treatment of water sickness, five mole crickets will be dried in the sun. Before eating, warm water should be used to adjust the amount of money from half to one, so as to facilitate urination. (Sheng Hui Fang)
② Treatment surface floating edema: a dog, light powder word. The total is fine. Each with a little, twitch the nose, the yellow water out of the nose. (Fen Shui San in Yang's family collection)
③ Treatment stone drench, conduct water: mole cricket 7, salt 22. It is the same as the new tile, covering, baking and grinding. A dagger suit mixed with warm wine. (Ben Cao Tu Jing)
④ Cure urination impassable: mole cricket 3 (delicate), bitter gourd 30 (micro fried). Smash the fine straw into powder. Take cold water for a change. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑤ Treatment of neck sores: seven shell mole crickets, raw meat, into the clove seven, in the shell burned, and meat with research, with paper paste. (emergency prescription)
⑥ Treatment of infantile umbilical juice: Licorice (fried, file), mole cricket (fried) each one. On the two flavor, pound for powder, mixed umbilical. (Gancao powder in Shengji Zonglu)
⑦ Tighten the lip: self death mole cricket, ash, apply it. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑧ Treatment of tooth pain: a local dog, wrapped in old grains, wrapped in wet paper, simmered, removed grains, and applied at the end of the research. (the parties)
⑨ Edema disease (abdominal fullness, dyspnea, unable to lie down). Use five mole crickets, baked as the end, before meals with boiling water to serve a money, to urinate unobstructed for the effect, someone added a money kansui end, Shanglu juice a spoonful, avoid salt 100 days. You Fang: inconvenient impassable, with mole cricket under cut baking research, water magnetic clothing half money, Li Tong. Another recipe: use one mole cricket and seven grape hearts, mash them, dew them first, dry them in the sun, research them together and serve them with wine. Another prescription: collect mole crickets in summer, divide them into head, abdomen and tail, bake and store them, treat upper body edema with seven at the end of the head; treat middle body edema with seven at the end of the abdomen; treat lower body edema with seven at the end of the tail, take them before meals and deliver wine.
⑩ Abdominal edema. Heat it with mole crickets and eat ten a day. Another formula: use Euphorbia, genkwa, kansui, rhubarb each three money, a total of research for the end. Take seven mole crickets, add mashed scallions, bake them on new tiles, remove wings and feet, and cut each one into two halves. When the edema on the left side was relieved, the seven pieces on the left side of the worm were roasted and grinded, and the above two pieces of medicine were added. At dawn, they were stimulated and taken by decocting Phyllostachys pubescens leaves and asparagus root. Three days later, take seven tablets on the right side of the worm in this way.
(11) there is no way to urinate. Seven mole crickets and seven dung beetles were used. The male took the head of the insect and the female took the body of the insect. Serve with Ailanthus skin decoction. Extremely effective.
(12) the cytoplasma does not come down. With a mole cricket, water boiling 20 times, pouring immediately under.
[clinical application] treatment of edema
Take the mole cricket to the end, claw, wing, put in the pot, with slow fire baking, grind into fine powder. 2 yuan a day, divided into three times with boiled water or rice soup delivery service, 5-7 days for a course of treatment. Seventeen patients with various types of edema were treated clinically. Most of them began to increase their urine volume and frequency in 1-2 hours after taking the medicine. One day later, their stool became soft or watery, and the frequency increased. Then the edema gradually subsided, 2-5 days for mild cases and 8-15 days for severe cases. There was no toxic reaction and side effect in the course of treatment.
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