(dietotherapy materia medica)
Another name is "Er Ya".
[source] the leaves of Nymphaeaceae. The plant morphology is detailed in article.
[collection] harvest from June to September, remove the petioles, sun till 70% or 80% dry, fold in half and dry in the sun. In summer, fresh leaves or young leaves are also used.
The dried leaves are usually folded into semicircular or fan-shaped, complete or slightly broken. After unfolding, the leaves are round shield shaped, with a diameter of more than 30 cm. The front is bluish green or brownish green, with white short coarse glandular hairs; the back is grayish yellow or grayish green, smooth and glossy; there is a protruding petiole residue in the center; the whole leaf vein is obvious, with 21-22 thick veins radiating from the center and many veinlets. It's brittle and fragile. Slight fragrance, light taste and astringency. Large, complete, green and spotless leaves are preferred.
It is produced in most parts of the country.
[chemical constituents] phyllanthine, nuciferine, protonuciferine, amerine, protonuciferine, n-demethylnuciferine, d-n-methyl-base, Annona squamosa, liriodendrine, quercetin, Isoquercitrin, nelumbinide, tartaric acid, citric acid, malic acid, gluconic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid and tannin. It also contains basic components with anti mitotic effect.
[processing] lotus leaf: wash with water, cut off the base and edge, shred and dry. Lotus leaf charcoal: take the lotus leaf, put it in the pot, cover it with a small diameter pot, paste white paper on it, seal the junction of the two pots with yellow mud, calcine it until the white paper is burnt yellow, stop fire, and take it out when it is cold.
[flavor] bitter and astringent, flat.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is mild and mild in nature and pungent in taste. "
② "Materia medica Chongyuan": "bitter smell, flat, non-toxic. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "bitter, flat, slightly salty. "
[meridian tropism] into the heart, liver and spleen meridians.
① "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "enter the gall. "
② New materia medica: "entering the heart, liver and lung meridians. "
③ Summary of materia medica: "enter the Taiyin and Yangming meridians. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat and removing dampness, promoting hair, smoothing Yang and stopping bleeding. It is used to treat summer dampness, diarrhea, vertigo, edema, thunder head wind, hematemesis, bleeding, metrorrhagia, hematochezia, postpartum hematuria.
① Yu Shen: "broken blood. "
② "Materia medica notes:" the main blood distension abdominal pain, postpartum afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth afterbirth. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "quench thirst, and postpartum dry mouth, heart and lung dry, boring. "
④ Daily use materia medica: "it can cure hematemesis and hematemesis. "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica": "fengre, the leader of Shangqing Dynasty, can stop vertigo, clear phlegm, be discouraged, stop vomiting and headache. "
⑥ Pinhuijingyao: "treating food poisoning. "
⑦ "The compendium of medical science and technology" says: "it can generate vital energy, help the spleen and stomach, astringent and turbid essence, disperse blood stasis, confuse edema, carbuncle, and acne. Treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis. Bleeding, bleeding, drowning, blood drenching, collapse, postpartum blood, injury septicemia. "
⑧ "Materia medica tongxuan": "appetizer Xiaoshi, hemostasis Gujing. "
⑨ "Preparation of Materia Medica": the wind of washing the kidney. "
⑩ "Preparation of the nature of raw herbal medicine": "Chong juice, treatment of white turbidity, (calcination) retention, treatment of lotus seed sores. "
(11) Taiping re Innovation: "cool and relieve heat, quench thirst and generate fluid, treat diarrhea and relieve fire and heat. "
(12) modern practical Chinese medicine: "it is used for women's chronic endometritis, under the red and white belt, men's spermatorrhea or nocturia; it is also an antidote. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan (fresh 0.5-1 Liang); or into the pill, powder. External use: tamping, grinding, mixing or frying.
[taboo] 1. In the Compendium: "fear tung oil, white silver. "
② "Materia Medica from the new": "the consumption of Shengsan is forbidden if it is empty. "
③ "Suixiju diet spectrum" says: "it is not necessary to treat the patients with excessive pathogenic factors of Shangjiao. "
[prescription selection] ① to treat the late summer heat in autumn, and to treat the early onset of dampness and temperature: Three Coins (to remove the heart), two coins (to remove the skin, tip, and grind), three coins for shell, one coin and five cents, three coins for Poria cocos, one coin for making, five cents, and one coin for leaf. Add two coins of lotus leaf as a guide and take it in water. (Shi Bing Lun)
② Treatment of Yang water edema: lotus leaf burning, research end. Two yuan per serving, rice drink, three servings per day. (key to syndrome differentiation and treatment)
③ Treat thunder head wind syndrome, head and face swelling and pain, hate cold fever, like typhoid fever: a lotus leaf, five money, five money. Warm clothes in water. (Qingzhen Decoction in the trial prescription of Neijing Lei Bian)
④ The treatment of Yang by Yin, resulting in hematemesis and bleeding: raw lotus leaf, raw, raw cypress leaf, yellow, etc. Shangyan, big pill chicken. Take one pill for each, and fry it in water. (Sisheng pill in women's prescription)
⑤ Cure hematemesis more than: once frost abortion lotus leaf, burning, research, new water take two money. (behind the elbow) two tender lotus leaves, seven, challenge water clothes. (compendium)
⑥ Treatment of hematemesis and hemoptysis: lotus leaf baking, for the end, rice drink two money dagger. (behind the experience)
⑦ Treatment of blood collapse: lotus leaf (Shaoyan) half two, each one or two. It's the end. Three yuan for each hollow wine. (compendium)
⑧ Treatment of dysentery red white: lotus leaf Shaoyan, each take two money: Red dysentery honey, white dysentery sugar soup. (compendium)
⑨ Treatment of postpartum blood supply, boring, do not know people. Or rave, gas desire: lotus leaf three, pollen Typhae two, licorice two (zhiweichi, file). Apply the medicine and sieve it as powder. For each serving, fry one cup of water until five minutes. Add Rehmannia glutinosa juice and half a teaspoon of honey. Fry for three or five times. Remove dross and warm up at any time. (shenghuifang lotus leaf powder)
⑩ Treatment of typhoid fever in pregnancy, severe heat, dryness and thirst, fear of injury to fetal viscera: one or two young lotus leaves (baked), half a Liang mussel powder flowers. Last is the last. Take 2 yuan per serving, add a little honey, transfer it with fresh water, and take it before eating. (San Yin Fang's cover tire powder)
(11) treatment of anal prolapse does not accept: paste lotus leaf, baking, research, wine service two money, still with lotus leaf Sheng Mo sit. (good recipe for experience)
(12) cure all over the body: 30 lotus leaves, a bucket, drench juice, together with boiling stains, half a day, a few days. (Sheng Hui Fang)
Xizhi Chiyou Huodan: new lotus leaf, mash, put salt on it. (pick Yuan Fang)
(14) treatment of yellow water sores: burn charcoal on lotus leaves, grind fine powder, mix sesame oil evenly, apply to the affected area twice a day. (selected works of new medical therapies based on single prescription)
Treatment of foot Shin sores, immersion legs and knees, pus dripping, hot Bi itching pain: dry lotus leaf four, two money and a half. Finely cut into two buckets of water, fry until five liters, remove the residue. Warm, drench, still take zuojing decoction. (standard of syndrome differentiation and treatment: heyegaoben Decoction)
(16) treatment of lacquer sores: lotus leaves (dryness) one jin. Take a bucket of water and boil for five liters. Wash, with the end of mixed, dry with oil and coating. (lotus leaf soup in Shengji Zonglu)
It is used to treat flapping and falling injury, evil blood attacking heart, dull and disordered pain: five Jin of fire dried lotus leaf. Burn to smoke out, carefully study, eat before the boy hot urination - small, adjust three money dagger, three clothes. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(18) cure ax wound sores: burn lotus leaves and rub them. (Linhu jijianfang)
[discussion by famous experts] 1. According to the compendium of gangrene and rash 81 theory, when the acne has come out and the wind and cold attack comes back, the orifices are closed and the blood coagulates, and the spots are not long or black. This is called inversion. The body will ache and the limbs will faint. However, warming the muscles and dispersing pathogenic factors will cause the heat to return and the spots will come out. It should be treated with Zibei lotus leaf powder. Gai lotus leaf can promote Yang Qi, disperse blood stasis, keep good blood, and relieve stagnant Qi. This medicine has only one choice, but many people live, better than human teeth and borneol. According to Dai Yuanli's "key points of syndrome differentiation and treatment", it is thin and bad to take lotus leaf, but it can eliminate the Qi of Yang, water and swelling. "
② According to Yilin zuanyao, "lotus leaf has the same function as lotus root and lotus heart, but it mostly enters the liver, calming heat and removing dampness to clear Qi and entering the liver with green. However, the bitter and astringent taste can clear away the blood stasis, protect the essence, eliminate the heat and level the Qi and blood. "
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