[source] it is the root of anisodamine, a solanaceous plant. The plant morphology can be seen in tianxianzi.
[collection] tender the whole plant in autumn, cut off the roots, wash and dry.
[chemical constituents] the alkaloids in roots are more than those in leaves, and they contain not only amantadine and scopolamine, but also dehydrated atropine, tropine and tetramethyldiaminobutane.
[nature and taste] ① in the Compendium: "bitter, cold, poisonous. "
② Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "bitter and pungent, poisonous. "
[functions and indications] the Compendium: "treating pathogenic malaria and scabies. Insecticidal. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: burn and store Yanmo, 1-2 points. External use: tamping.
[taboo] 1. In the book of Ben Jing Feng Yuan: "eating too much makes people go crazy. "
② "Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine": "oral use with caution, heart disease, heart failure should not use. "
[formula selection] 1. There is no question about the new long-term treatment of malaria: pound the root of anisodamine, burn it to ashes, and take it with water, measure the size of people, and use it for strength.
② Treatment of tinea: tamp good root, honey and apply it.
⑨ Treatment of rabies rodents: pound the root of anisodamine, and salt, three days.
④ Cure evil Thorn: anisodamine root, boiled, soaked, cold recovery. (1) Qian Jin Fang is published below Fang)
⑤ Treatment of interphalangeal prickles: apply the juice from the root of Hyoscyamus. (compendium)
[poisoning] the root of Hyoscyamus is similar to carrot in shape, and often grows in the field of carrot. The main clinical manifestation was mental symptoms. The following toxic symptoms were reported in 8 cases of eating raw or cooked "carrots" 2-4 hours later: 1) flush of face, dilated pupils, decreased secretion of glands; 2) unsteady pace, imbalance of balance; 3) unconsciousness, rich and vivid visual hallucinations. The above symptoms may be caused by tropine alkaloids. The poisoning patients were cured after general symptomatic treatment.
According to Ben Jing Feng Yuan (treatise of famous experts), "modern people use anisodamine to cure choking diaphragmatic nausea, take its nature, and treat the stagnant evil in the stomach, so that choking diaphragmatic can be temporarily opened, and those with deficiency will take it by mistake, which will do harm to the unexpected. "
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