Tartary buckwheat head
(Guizhou folk medicine Collection)
[synonym] buckwheat leaf seven (Shaanxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the root and rhizome of kuyangmai, a Polygonaceae plant.
[plant morphology] Tartary Buckwheat (compendium), also known as Wannian buckwheat, Yenan buckwheat, Tatar Polygonum, wild buckwheat.
Annual herbs. Stem erect, up to 80 cm, finely striated, with rows of soft hairs, with a few weak branches. The leaves are long petiole, decubitus broadly triangular, 2-8 cm long, apex acute, base cordate, sheath oblique, membranous. Raceme axillary or terminal; pedicel slender; flowers sparsely arranged, perianth white, salty red, 5-lobed, lobes elliptic, ca. 2 mm long; stamens 8, shorter than perianth; style 3, shorter. Achene ovate, 4-5 mm long, dark brown, 3-angled, obtuse in the lower part and sharp in the upper part, with 3 longitudinal grooves. The flowering period is from July to August.
Born in the forest, grass. It is cultivated in Northeast, northwest and southwest.
[collection] harvest from August to October.
[chemical constituents] each part contains rutin and other flavonoids, which is a rich source of flavonoids. The content of Rutin in leaves (dry leaves) was 3.0%, 4.2%, 5.4%, and that in fruits was 1%. The content of rutin, cyanidin and other flavonoids in this plant can be increased by applying cobalt salt in soil.
[taste] sweet and bitter, flat.
① "Gangmu": "sweet and bitter, warm, have small poison. "
② Guiyang folk herbs: "astringent, flat, non-toxic. "
③ Guizhou herbal medicine: "the nature is flat, the taste is bitter. "
[function indications] it is used to treat stomachache, dyspepsia, dysentery, fatigue, lumbocrural pain.
① Guizhou folk medicine collection: "invigorating the stomach, taking care of Qi, dispelling wind and eliminating phlegm. Treatment of rabies bites; external treatment of sores, insect, mosquito bites. "
② "Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine": "dehumidification, pain relief, detoxification, detumescence, stomach. Treatment of traumatic injury, waist and leg pain, sore carbuncle swelling poison, indigestion. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.3-1 Liang; soaking in wine or grinding. External use: tamping.
[taboo] the compendium of Medical Sciences: "eating more can hurt the stomach, activate the wind and move the Qi. It can cause various diseases, especially for people with yellow diseases. "
[selection] ① for stomachache: the first three to five buckwheat. Take it in water. (Guizhou herbal medicine); two buckwheat head six money, Cinnamomum camphora root skin three money. We studied the final and uniform. One money for each service, three times a day, and boiled water before meals. (Guiyang folk herbs)
② Treatment of stagnation, fullness: buckwheat first two to three money, walnut appropriate. The same as chewing. (Guiyang folk herbs)
③ Treatment of lumbocrural pain: wild buckwheat rhizome five money, decoction, and decoction fumigation. (Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Cure dysentery: tartary buckwheat first five money, Zhu Sha Lian two money. Take it in boiling water. (Guiyang folk herbs)
⑤ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: tartary buckwheat head, Jishiteng, stinky peony each four Liang. Grind the flour and mix it with flour. (Guiyang folk herbs)
⑥ Treatment of rabies: tartary buckwheat head, holding stone lotus each one or two, black bamboo root five money. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Ku Qiao Tou
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