(notes on materia medica)
[synonym] xiangdou (Southern vegetative). Hezi (a collection of Materia Medica),? Zi (rihuazi materia medica), and jingjingdou (the main poisonous plant in South China).
[source] it is the seed of leguminous plant? Rattan. See "rattan" for plant morphology.
[chemical composition] it contains sterols, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, amino acids and organic acids. Recently, sapogenin with anti-tumor effect was isolated from seeds, which was acidolysis to produce gambogic acid, arabinose and xylose.
[pharmacological action] there are two kinds of toxic saponins in the nucleolus of seeds, which have similar effects. The toxicity is equal. In mammals, it mainly causes hemolysis; 0.0005-0.002 g / kg can make blood pressure drop sharply, intestinal volume increase, renal volume also slightly increase, showing visceral vascular dilation, inhibition of small intestine and uterine smooth muscle, and die of respiratory failure. It has killing effect on Amoeba protozoa, less toxic to Paramecium, no antibacterial effect, and can not harm larvae, but can poison fish. It is found in wood and bark, but not in leaves. It has been reported that seeds can cause vomiting and diarrhea, but some people think that although the taste is bitter and pungent, it can still be used for food.
Sapogenin extracted from seeds has anti-tumor effect (15-30 mg / kg can inhibit wacker's carcinoma by 64-100% without death).
[nature and taste] Kaibao materia medica: "it tastes astringent and sweet, flat and non-toxic. "(toxic)
[function indications] it is used to treat hematochezia, dysentery, jaundice, prolapse of anus, hemorrhoids and laryngopharyngitis.
① "Southern vegetation shape": "detoxify all kinds of drugs. "
② "Materia medica collection": "the main five hemorrhoids, throat arthralgia, benevolence for powder, micro boil, water service one or two daggers. "
③ "Kaibao Materia Medica": "it is used to treat infantile anorectal dysentery and diarrhea, and to burn ashes, or to boil and grind with a cut pulp, and to take two coins with hot wine on an empty stomach. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Yanmo or shaocun Yanmo, 0.5-1 yuan.
[selected formula] ① for the treatment of wind and toxin in large intestine, it can not only reduce blood flow: there are three Tengzi, which are heavy and thick. Simmer with seven or eight layers of wet paper, swell for a long time, take off the shell and use the meat, cut it carefully, and grind it into powder. Before each meal, use Huangqi soup to make a change. (Sheng Hui Fang)
② Treatment of jaundice, nutritional edema: with mirror bean powder one to three money. Wash the water clothes. (main poisonous plants in South China)
③ Treatment of five hemorrhoids: Tengzi burned black ash, micro storage, rice drink to adjust the service. (Ben Cao Yan Yi)
④ Treatment of sore throat: Tengzi Shaoyan, wine for one money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
Chinese PinYin : Teng Zi
White millet. Bai Bi Su
talc. Hua Shi
Sophora alopecuroides. Ku Dou Zi
Lingxiao flower - Lingxiao. Ling Xiao Hua Ling Xiao
aloe. Lu Hui
Vitex negundo. Mu Jing Ye
Water in cattle. Niu Han Shui
Ginseng and reed. Ren Can Lu
Real gourd. Shi Hu Lu
Skate. Wen Yao Yu
Banana. Xiang Jiao
Sunflower. Xiang Yang Hua