(Ben Cao Yan Yi)
[synonyms] Liren (Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals), Zhihe (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), Dalihe (Pharmacology).
[source] it is the seed of lychee. See "litchi" for plant morphology.
[collection] the fruits are harvested when they are ripe, and the skin and flesh are removed. The seeds are taken, washed and dried.
The dried seeds are oblong, slightly flat, 2-2.5 cm long and 1-1.7 cm in diameter. The surface is brownish red or purplish brown, glossy, with a yellowish white hilum at one end. It has two thick cotyledons, grayish yellow and firm texture. It is light and astringent. It is better to be dry, big and full.
It is mainly produced in Guangdong and Guangxi. It is also produced in Taiwan, Fujian and Sichuan.
[chemical constituents and pharmacological effects] the content of saponin and tannin in seeds was 1.12% and 3.43%, respectively. It also contains α - (methylenecyclopropyl) glycine. If this substance was injected subcutaneously into the starved mice for 22 hours (60-400 mg / kg), the blood glucose and the content of glycogen in liver could be decreased significantly.
[flavor] sweet and astringent, warm.
① "Gangmu": "sweet, warm, astringent, non-toxic. "
② Yilin zuanyao: "sweet and astringent, warm and slightly salty. "
③ "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "sweet taste slightly bitter, flat nature, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① Gangmu: "entering Jueyin. "
② "Into the liver and kidney. "
③ Summary of materia medica: "entering the Taiyin and Jueyin meridians. "
[function indications] warming, regulating qi and relieving pain. Treatment of epigastric pain, hernia pain, women's blood gas tingling.
① "Xingsanzhiqi" in the compendium. The treatment of decadent hernia pain, a woman's blood gas tingling. "
② "Ben Cao Bei Yao": "dispel cold evil and treat stomachache. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[taboo] Materia Medica from the new: "do not take it if there is no cold and dampness stagnation. "
[prescription selection] ① for chronic epigastric pain in the heart, abdomen, and stomach, the patients with repeated touch and frequent occurrence: one coin of litchi seed, eight points. It's the end. Take one yuan for each, and mix it with clear soup. (Lixiang powder in Jingyue Quanshu)
② Treatment of heartache and small intestine Qi: one litchi seed. Calcined storage, wine blending service. (Ben Cao Yan Yi)
③ Kidney big as a bucket: Ship fennel, (all), litchi nuclear, etc. File powder, stir fry, fire poison, for the end. Two bucks for wine, three servings a day. (lihesan, a prescription of world medicine)
④ Cure hernia decadent swollen: litchi nuclear 49, (lianbai) nine money, four money. For the end, salt water batter big pills. In case of pain, take nine pills with hollow wine, and take them again for a long time, which can also cure all kinds of Qitong. (Yuhuan Laifu pill in Tan Xian Jie Xiao Fang)
⑤ Treatment of blood gas tingling: litchi seed (burning) half Liang, fragrant one or two. Last is the last. Two yuan for each, salt and wine. (juantong powder, a good prescription for women)
⑥ Treatment of intercostal neuralgia: litchi nuclear charcoal storage mash, take 6 grams, add 6 grams of guangmuxiang, decoction.
⑦ Treatment of hernia pain: 15 grams of litchi seed, baked grind, fasting with boiling water delivery service. Two fried litchi seeds, each 60 grams, research end, daily morning with rice wine delivery service 10 grams, also treat hernia pain.
⑧ Treatment of tinea: litchi nuclear research end, adjust the rub on the affected area.
Chinese PinYin : Li Zhi He
Lotus leaf. He Ye Di
Croton. Ba Dou
Bluish dogbane. Bai Zhi Ma
Acer truncatum. Cao Ben San Jiao Feng
Banana peel. Da Jiao Pi
Closed at night. Da Ye Guan Men
Callicarpa macrophylla - Callicarpa macrophylla. Da Ye Zi Zhu Zi Zhu Ye
Old gun Valley root. Lao Qiang Gu Gen
Piner grass. Ping Er Xiao Cao
Melon root. Tian Gua Gen
Poor food. Qiong Cai
bamboo orchid. Zhu Ye Lan