[synonyms] Sao Er Ya, Da Chong Zhang (theory of medicinal properties), Ku Zhang (collection of Materia Medica), suanziao, ban Zhang (rihuazi materia medica), Suantong bamboo shoot (salvaging materia medica), banzhuanggen (Diannan materia medica), niaobuta (Yilin Zhuanyao), suanziao, ban Gen (textual Research on the name of plants), suanziao gen, dikui (classified herbal medicine), Suantong, xionghuanglian (Tianbao Ben) ））, general manager of snake (Lingnan medicine collection record), dahuoxue, xueteng, zijinlong (Nanjing folk herbal medicine), suantanggan, huangdiyu, haotongcao (Guizhou folk medicine Collection), banlongzi, yehuanglian (experimental research of traditional Chinese Medicine), Huoxuedan (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), hongguanjiao (Luchuan Ben Cao), yinyanglian (Nanning Yao Zhi), huoxuelong, houzhugen, Jinlong Suo Wang (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine), general manager of big leaf snake (Guangdong Chinese herbal medicine), jiulonggen (manual of Chinese herbal medicine) and shanqie, bancao and zhandaozheng (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the rhizome of Polygonaceae plant Polygonum cuspidatum.
Perennial shrubby herbs, up to more than 1 m high. Rhizomes recumbent underground, woody, yellowish brown, nodes distinct. Stem erect, cylindrical, surface glabrous, scattered with many red or purple spots, hollow. Single leaf alternate, broad ovate to suborbicular, 7-12 cm long, 5-9 cm wide, apex short pointed, base rounded or cuneate; petiole 1-2.5 cm long; stipules membranous, brown, caducous. Flowers unisexual, dioecious, panicle axillary; pedicel longer, upper winged; flowers small and dense, white, perianth 5, outer wheel 3, back winged, fruiting larger; male flowers have 8 stamens; female ovary upper style 3. Achenes ovate, 3-ribbed, reddish brown, shiny, enclosed in a winged perianth. The flowering period is from July to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
Most of them live in valley, stream or bank. It is distributed in the middle and south of China.
The leaves of this plant (Polygonum cuspidatum) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] it can be dug, cut and dried in spring and autumn.
[herbal medicine] the root shapes are different, most of them are conical, curved or massive, 1-7 cm long, 0.6-1.5 cm in diameter, brown in appearance, with obvious longitudinal wrinkles, purple plaques and scattered fibrous root scars, hard and not easy to break, brownish red in cross section, fibrous, and chrysanthemum like radial texture in essence. The rhizome is cylindrical, with obvious nodes, usually with curly fibrous roots. There is a gap in the center of the fracture section, and there is a residual stem base at the top of the rhizome. The air is weak and the taste is bitter. It is better to have strong roots and immortal heart.
Produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, Hubei, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.
[chemical constituents] the roots and rhizomes contain free anthraquinone and anthraquinone glycosides. Emodin, physcion, chrysophanol, and anthracoside A and B were the main components. The root also contains 3,4 ", 5-trihydroxystilbene-3 - β - D-glucoside. It also contains tannin and several polysaccharides.
3%, Isoquercitrin, emodin and so on. The content of tannin in twigs was 13.4%.
[pharmacological action] 1
In vitro, Polygonum cuspidatum Decoction (25%) had inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Catacoccus, Streptococcus A or B, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (agar plate drilling method). High concentration (root) can also kill Leptospira.
② Antiviral effect
The results showed that the decoction of Polygonum cuspidatum (10%) had inhibitory effect on influenza A (Asia a) Jingke 68-1 virus, orphan virus and herpes simplex virus. The results showed that 2% decoction had obvious inhibitory effect on adenovirus type 3, poliomyelitis type II, enterovirus Coxsackie A and B, Aike group, Japanese encephalitis, jingweiyan No.1, herpes simplex strain 1, and the effective titers were 1:1600, 1:400, 1:400, 1:2560, 1:10240, > 1:3200, 1:51200, respectively
③ Other functions
Intravenous injection of oxalic acid from Polygonum cuspidatum can cause hypoglycemic shock in rabbits.
[processing] Leigong's treatise on Processing: "after picking (huzhanggen), I used a fine file, but I wrapped it in huzhangye overnight, then it came out and dried in the sun. "
Bitter and smooth.
① Bielu: "Weiwen. "
② "On medicinal properties": "sweet taste, flat, non-toxic. "
③ Bencao Yanyi: "slightly bitter. "
④ "Diannan Materia Medica": "bitter slightly astringent, slightly cold. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, bitter, pungent, warm. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, removing dampness, breaking blood stasis and dredging meridians. It is used to treat rheumatism, muscle and bone pain, dampness and heat, jaundice, drenching and turbidity, women's amenorrhea, postpartum lochia, Baihuang accumulation, hemorrhoids and bleeding. Fall injury, scald, sore and tinea.
① "Bielu:" the master of Tongli moon water, breaking and leaving blood knots. "
② Tao Hongjing: "it's the main storm, wine stains and clothes.". "
③ "Treatise on medicinal properties": "it can cure great fever, dysphoria, quench thirst, facilitate urination, and suppress all heat poisons. "
④ "The main wind is between the joints and blood stasis. Boiled juice for wine. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "the treatment of postpartum evil blood does not go down, the heart is full. Discharge pus, main sores and furuncles, carbuncle poison, women's blood halo, bruise blood stasis, wind breaking poison and Qi. "
⑥ "Diannan Materia Medica": "attack all swelling and poisons, stop sore throat, facilitate urination, and walk through meridians. Treatment of five drenching turbidity, hemorrhoids leakage, carbuncle, woman red leucorrhea. "
⑦ Yilin zuanyao: "strengthen the kidney, strengthen the Yang, benefit the essence, strengthen the muscles and bones, increase the strength of Qi. "Apply it to the broken part of the fall, and the tendon can be extended to connect the bone. "
⑧ "Lingnan medicine collection record": "treat snake wound, pustule, stop loss pain. "
⑨ Guizhou folk medicine collection: "astringent hemostasis, treatment of hemorrhoids and fistulas, rheumatism, cold, blood stasis, external treatment of fire injury. "
⑩ "Experimental study of traditional Chinese medicine": "treat solid fire, toothache, wet sores, rotten legs, toes wet rotten.". "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.3-1 Liang; soaking in wine or into pills or powder. External use: grind powder, burn ash and sprinkle, boil paste or soak in boiling water.
[taboo] on medicinal properties: "do not take it if you are pregnant. "
[prescription selection] ① treatment of toxin attacking swelling of hands and feet, pain to break: root of Polygonum cuspidatum, file, boil, suitable for cold and warm to stain feet. (behind the elbow)
② Treatment of phlegm fire, numbness, shaking, flaccidity: banzhuang root one or two, chuanniuxi five money, chuanqieshi five money, Fangfeng five money, Guizhi five money, papaya three money. Three jin of Shaojiu. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
③ Treatment of cholecystolithiasis: Polygonum cuspidatum or two, decocting; such as jaundice can be combined with lianqiancao decocting. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
④ Zhiwulin: the bitter stick is the end, regardless of how much. Take two money each time, drink with rice, regardless of the time. (Yao Seng Tan's collected prescriptions)
⑤ To cure menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, abdomen as big as a urn, shortness of breath to death: 100 Jin of Polygonum cuspidatum root (remove the head, soil, dry, cut), two Dou of juice from the root of Cucumis melo and Achyranthes bidentata. The first three flavors are finely sliced, and the root of Polygonum cuspidatum is soaked in water for one night. Tomorrow, two buckets of them are fried. The juice of local melon and Achyranthes bidentata is mixed well, and the fried order is like a bowl. Every time you take wine, day and night. Stay blood at the moment, if the disease, stop taking. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑥ For women, the moon water is not good, the abdomen and flank are stuffy, and the back is painful: three liang of Polygonum cuspidatum, one or two of Lingxiao flower, one or two of myrrh. Apply the medicine and pound it into powder. Regardless of the time, a hot wine for the next money. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑦ Treatment of postpartum blood stasis, blood pain, and depression: Polygonum cuspidatum root, research powder, wine service. (compendium)
⑧ It is also used to cure husband's disease: the root of Polygonum cuspidatum is finely cut into two pieces of Dendrobium, then boiled with water, two stones and five dippers, then removed the dross, clarified and filtered to make it clean, and then took five liters of pure wine and fried to make it like a bowl. Each service is combined, the information is degree, do not know, then add. (qianjinfang fried with tiger stick)
⑨ Treatment of intestinal hemorrhoids blood: Huzhang root, wash off the skin, file baked, pound screen, honey pills such as red beans, Chen Mi drink. (Ben Cao Tu Jing)
⑩ Treatment of red and white dysentery: three coins of sour soup, three coins of Polygonum multiflorum, three coins of black tea, two coins of tianqingdibai. Fried water with brown sugar. (Guiyang folk herbs)
(11) cure all kinds of evil sores: root of Polygonum cuspidatum, burn ash paste. (Ben Cao Tu Jing)
(12) treatment of carbuncle swelling and pain: sour soup culm, rhubarb as the end. Make strong tea for external application. (Guiyang folk herbs)
[clinical application] 1
External application of Polygonum cuspidatum can promote rapid wound healing and has the effect of anti Pseudomonas aeruginosa. According to the treatment observation of 34 patients with burn area between 18% and 40%, they can be cured in 6-7 days, and the treatment time of deep second degree and third degree burns is longer. According to the observation of 21 patients with first degree, second degree and third degree burns, the scab of uninfected patients was removed and cured in about 7 days, and most of infected patients were cured in 10-14 days. For the wound with Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, the green secretion disappeared after several dressing changes, and the wound healed quickly; granulation edema appeared in some patients, which subsided after alternate application of 4% normal saline wet compress. Preparation and usage: take 800 g of Polygonum cuspidatum powder (root of Polygonum cuspidatum is washed, dried and ground), 2800 ml of tea liquid (100 g of old tea, stewed with 3000 ml of water), or 40 g of Polygonum cuspidatum powder, 300-400 ml of strong tea water (25 g of tea, fried with 500 ml of water), mix well and sterilize. Apply the sterilized brush or cotton swab dipped in medicine paste evenly on the wound surface after debridement, several times a day, with the wound surface not dry and cracked as the degree, until the medicine scab falls off by itself, then the wound is healed. If there is infection under the drug scab, it should be early drainage or cut off part of the drug scab, and use 100% Polygonum cuspidatum Decoction wet compress. It can also be taken orally with Polygonum cuspidatum solution, 100ml each time, twice a day.
Chinese PinYin : Hu Zhang
Kissing. Gou Wen
Big black bubble. Da Wu Pao
Salvia miltiorrhiza Ganxi rat tail. Dan Can Gan Xi Shu Wei
Rotten tea. Lan Cha Ye
Wren tongue. Liao Ge She
Alum. Lv Fan
Oxtail. Niu Wei Cai
Shoot a chicken's tail. She Ji Wei
Double kidney. Shuang Shen Zi
Pennisetum angustifolia. Tie Jiao Feng Wei Cao
Salt bran leaf. Yan Fu Ye
Camphor fruit. Zhang Shu Guo