Chinese Name: Elaeagnus angustifolia
[synonyms] luduzi (Chinese Tibetan Scripture), queersu (Lei Gong's treatise on frying), Wangpo milk (Lvyan's materia medica), pukuizi, banhanchun (compendium), banchunzi, tianbangchui (textual research on the name of plants), Ruzizi, shigunzi (herbal formula), Yangmu milk (Henry's list of Chinese plants), canned sugar (Mayer's list of Chinese plants), and granny Yang（ Guizhou folk medicine collection, xianpaotou (Fujian folk herbal medicine), Shipu and Dengpu (Quanzhou materia medica), tuyurou, buyin pill, pingpao and Tianpu (Mindong materia medica). Yechufa, yeloquat, jiangmizao, yeshui grape, barley milk, bairuixu, tianguoer, mailan (Zhejiang folk commonly used herbal medicine), jiovzi, qingmingzi (Jiangxi herbal medicine), banzha, ganeggplant, barley Qianguo, dayebazhuanzi (Jinhua "selection of single prescription of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine"), pansangguo, maiguoguo, yezaozi (Shanghai commonly used Chinese herbal medicine), pulizi (Suzhou herbal medicine) Chinese herbal medicine manual).
[source] it is the fruit of Elaeagnus angustifolia.
Shrubs evergreen, up to 4 m tall, usually spiny. Branches spreading, branchlets brown. Leaves thick leathery, elliptic to oblong, 4-10 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, apex pointed or obtuse, base rounded, margin usually undulate, with scales at the beginning, then falling off. The petiole is 6-12 mm long and brown. Flowers 1-3 or 4 clusters, silver white, drooping, about 1 cm long, fragrant; perianth tube cylindrical or funnel-shaped, tube in the upper part of ovary protruding narrow, apex 4-lobed; stamen 4; ovary upper, style glabrous, stigma not split. The fruit is oval, about 1.5 cm long, covered with rust scales and brownish red at maturity. The flowering period is from October to November. The fruit ripens in May next year.
It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Shaanxi and other places.
The root (Elaeagnus angustifolia) and leaf (Elaeagnus angustifolia) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[chemical constituents] the flower contains volatile oil.
[nature and taste] sour, wet and flat.
① Zhongzang Jing: "sour and astringent. "
② Ma Wan's classic of food: "it tastes sweet. "
③ "Compendium": "acid, flat, non-toxic. "
[function indications] for diarrhea, thirst, asthma and cough.
① Ma Wan's food classic: "tonifying the five zang organs. "
② "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "in addition to vexed heat, thirst. "
③ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "convergence, antidiarrhea, treatment of dysentery. "
④ Fujian folk herbal medicine: "stop bleeding, cure dysentery. "
⑤ Jinhua's "selection of commonly used prescription of Chinese herbal medicine": astringent and antidiarrheal, cough and asthma. Treatment of dyspepsia, hernia, cough, blood collapse, osteomyelitis, hemorrhoids, lumbar sprain. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan.
Chinese PinYin : Hu Tui Zi
Weighing pear. Cheng Tuo Li
Yellow rat meat. Huang Shu Rou
Aunt Qi. Qi Da Gu
Sparganium. San Leng
Chlorophytum. Shi Diao Lan
Salicylic root. Shui Yang Gen
Radix Astragali. Tu Jian Qi
Black snake. Wu She
Hydrangea divaricata. Xiu Qiu Fang Feng Gen
Capsaicin. Yan Jiao Cao
Pig gall. Zhu Dan