(essential preparation of raw herbs)
[synonyms] Cordyceps militaris, Cnidium coelomacteri, bailaozhi (Guangxi Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine plant), jinjiancao, mantis grass (Quanzhou materia medica), tiandaobing, zhaobancha, xianyucao (Lingnan herbal medicine record), Ma Cao, mud carp tongue (Mindong materia medica), potato, dimazhuang (Guizhou herbal medicine), longtonghuang (Fujian herbal medicine).
[source] the whole plant of Cucurbitaceae.
[plant morphology] gourd tea
Subshrub, about 1m high, erect and branched. The branches are four sided and coarsely hairy. Single leaf, alternate, ovate oblong, oblong to lanceolate, 6-12 cm long, apex short pointed, base rounded, bald above, hairy on the main veins below; petiole 1-3 cm long, broad winged, wing 4-8 mm wide, isomorphic with leaf; stipules 2, lanceolate, up to 15 mm long, linear, falling off. Raceme terminal or axillary, 15-30 cm long; bracts small, conic; flowers numerous, lavender, ca. 5 mm long; calyx broad campanulate, ca. 3 mm long, below cleft teeth linear; corolla butterfly shaped, flag petal round, apex slightly concave, wing petal attached to keel petal; stamen 10, 2-body; pistil 1, style curved. The pod is about 2-5 cm long, with 5-8 pod nodes, bare or hairy, and nearly square pod nodes. The flowering period is July. The fruit period is from August to October.
It grows in the grass of barren slope and low hilly land. It is distributed in Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, Guangdong, etc.
The root of this plant (Cucurbitaceae root) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] in summer and autumn, the aboveground parts were cut, the thick branches were removed and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] it is dry and the stem is broken, about 30 cm long and 0.5 cm thick. The old stem is reddish brown, the thin stem is reddish brown, triangular, and the edges are coarsely hairy. Leaf blade reddish brown, leathery, petiole winged, connected with leaf blade. It is fragrant and slightly sweet. It is better to have many leaves, dry, green with red color and no thick stem.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[chemical composition] the leaves contain tannin 7.1-8.6%, silica 0.5-2.32% and potassium oxide 1.3-3.0%.
[flavor] bitter and astringent, cool.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": astringent taste, flat nature. "
② "Nanning medicine annals": "astringent slightly sweet. "
③ Guangzhou army "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "sweet and bitter, slightly cool. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, removing dampness, eliminating stagnation and killing insects. Treatment of cold, sore throat, lung disease, hemoptysis, enteritis, dysentery, jaundice, rheumatoid arthritis, hookworm disease, pregnancy vomiting, infantile malnutrition, sores and scabies.
① "Five kinds of herbal medicine should be used to treat infantile malnutrition. "
② "Seeking the source of Materia Medica" says: "it can reduce jaundice. "
③ "Lingnan medicine collection record": "if there are insects in sore for a long time, apply them. Detoxify heat and eliminate malnutrition. "It's a cure for vomiting blood. "
④ "Drug records of Nanning city": "kill insects, clear away heat, quench thirst. Treatment of hernia, malnutrition. Boil water to wash scabies and stop itching. "
⑤ "Records of Lingnan herbal medicine": "relieving heat, clearing heat, diuresis. "
⑥ "Mindong Materia Medica" says: "it can relieve muscle and achieve exterior, invigorate spleen and appetizer, moisten lung and generate fluid, strengthen muscles and bones, and eliminate rheumatism. "
⑦ Guangzhou army's Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing heat and relieving summer heat, promoting diuresis and removing stagnation, killing insects and antisepsis. Tea for cold fever, sore throat, prevent heatstroke; decoction for nephritis, edema, jaundice hepatitis, enteritis and diarrhea. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1.5 Liang. External use: daub with mashed juice or wash with fried water.
[selection] 1. For sore throat: two pairs of gourd tea. The fried water contains pharynx. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
② Treatment of lung disease, cough and bleeding: dried gourd and tea in half. Take it in clear water. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Cure dysentery: gourd tea whole grass, thin leaf pull head Meng root each two to three Liang. Add an egg to fry together. When the egg is cooked, remove the eggshell and fry again. Season with raw salt and serve the soup and eggs together. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of rheumatic joint pain: gourd tea stem, two liang each time, combined with pig foot Festival stew service. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑤ Treatment of scleroderma: gourd tea, purulent extract (Urticaceae glutinous rice vine) each equally divided, and salt mash applied to the affected area. (selected medical and health science and technology data of Guangdong Province)
⑥ Treatment of pregnancy vomiting: gourd tea one or two (dry). Decoct in water and take it three times. (selected works of the exhibition: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
⑦ Treat postpartum blood stasis pain: fresh gourd tea whole grass five money to one or two. Pestle rotten, drink rice wine stew service. If it is decocted with clear water, it can cure menstrual disease. (Mindong materia medica)
⑧ Treatment of summer season thirst: gourd tea, fried into daily drinks, instead of tea. It can relieve heat and quench thirst. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
⑨ Treat carbuncle poison: mash gourd tea, take juice and drop it on the wound, two to three times a day, appropriate amount each time. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of urticaria: gourd tea fresh stems, leaves one or two. Take it by decocting with water, or use the whole fresh grass in proper amount, decoct with water, smoke and wash. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] treatment of hookworm disease
Take half a jin of Hulu tea (dry product), add 800 ml water, and fry it gently until 250 ml. Take it twice on an empty stomach in the morning and evening. 276 cases were treated, 183 cases were cured and 93 cases were invalid. Only a few cases had nausea and vomiting.
Chinese PinYin : Hu Lu Cha
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high aspiration. Yuan Zhi