(save famine materia medica)
[synonyms] xiaotaohong, Nerium indicum, haiarsenic, ranzhijiacao (rescue materia medica), hanzhenzhu (compendium), Tougucao, Impatiens (rare drugs), xiaomeituan (classified herbal medicine), mantanghong (Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine manual), shuijiajia (Nanning medicinal records), jiajiacao (traditional Chinese medicine manual).
[source] it is the whole plant of Impatiens.
Annual erect herbs, ca. 60 cm tall. The stem is stout and fleshy. Leaves alternate; lanceolate, about 10 cm long, apex long pointed, margin deeply serrate, base cuneate; petiole glandular. Flowers bisexual, axillary, pink, red, purple, white or variegated, single or double; calyx 3, 2 lateral, apex green, 1 lower, large, petal like, with distance; petals 5, upper petal (flag petal) round, apex concave and small sharp, 2 pairs of petals (wing petals) on each side united into 2 pieces; stamens 5, united around ovary; ovary superior, 5-locular, Stigma 5-lobed. Capsule is pilose, after ripening, it splits into 5 convoluted petals. Seeds oblate ovoid, ca. 2 mm in diam., brown. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruit ripens in September.
It is distributed in most parts of the country. Most of them are planted in the courtyard for ornamental purposes.
The roots (impatiens), flowers (impatiens) and seeds (Aconitum acutum) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details. The dried stem is one of the medicinal materials of Tougucao. Please refer to "Tougucao" for details.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
Hard work, warm.
① "Saving wasteland Materia Medica": "leaf: bitter taste slightly astringent. "
② "Gangmu": "Ye: bitter, sweet and pungent, with little poison. "
③ "Qunfang Pu": "leaf: sweet, warm, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, promoting blood circulation, detumescence and relieving pain. It is used to treat rheumatic pain, traumatic injury, gangrene and sores.
① Wang Lianshi's book of collecting herbs: "the white flower of Impatiens is also called tougubai, which pursues the wind and dissipates Qi; the red flower is called touguhong, which causes abortion by breaking blood. "
② "Classification of herbal medicine nature": "Ye: apply all kinds of sores and swelling poison. "
③ "Guizhou folk medicine collection": "dispersing blood and dredging meridians, treating menstrual diseases, stopping red collapse and clearing leucorrhea; used for traumatic injury, it can connect bone, eliminate swelling, stop pain, soft and firm bone, and treat bone stem and throat. "
④ Fujian folk herbal medicine: "treating snake bite. "
⑤ Chongqing herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and wind. The treatment of red and white dysentery, collapse. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (fresh name 1-2 Liang). External use: tamping or boiling water fumigation.
[selected prescriptions] ① for rheumatic arthritis: one or two fresh impatiens. It's fried in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of wind pain: wash it with Impatiens leaf decoction. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
③ Treatment of traumatic injuries: Impatiens pound juice a cup, yellow wine Chongfu. (Hunan medical records)
④ Treatment of scrofula, hair back, all carbuncle: fresh Impatiens smashed apply the affected area. Or wash the whole plant of xianfengxian with roots, mash it, put it in a copper pot, add water to boil the juice twice, filter it, combine the juice twice, boil it again, concentrate it into paste, apply it on paper, stick it on the affected area, and change it once a day. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of carbuncle and poison: Impatiens three to five money. Take it in water. (Hunan medical records)
⑥ Treatment of Snakehead: fresh Impatiens take off half of the root and leaf, mash the swelling. Or mash and apply with sweet distiller's grains. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of nail inflammation, swelling and pain (commonly known as nail change): fresh wind fairy leaf grip. After washing, add some brown sugar, mash, apply to the affected area, change twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑧ Cure ulcer for a long time: Impatiens, borneol. Dry rub on the ground. (Hunan medical records)
⑨ Treatment of wet feet swelling: Impatiens with roots and leaves, a total of fine tamping, add sugar and even, apply swelling. (prescription of traditional Chinese medicine in Yunnan)
⑩ Treatment of beriberi swelling: fresh Impatiens (mashed), fresh perilla stems and leaves, etc. Fry in water, put in a basin or small barrel, smoke first and then rinse. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of snake bite: five Liang fresh impatiens. Mash the juice and apply the dregs. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
I can't eat. Use Impatiens seeds, soak in wine for three nights, dry in the sun, grind into powder, add wine to make balls, such as mung bean. Take eight tablets each, and serve with warm wine.
A bone lump in the throat. Take a big mouthful of water from Baifeng fairy, pour it into the bamboo tube and pour it into the pharynx. You can soften the lump, or blow the Phoenix fairy into the throat. It is not suitable to set the teeth, so as to avoid damage.
(14) snake bite. Smash wine clothes with impatiens.
Injury, swelling and pain. Smash the Impatiens leaves into mud, smear the swollen and broken parts, change the medicine as soon as it is dry, and the blood will disperse overnight. In winter, the dry leaves are used to grind into powder, and the water is used to adjust the coating.
Chinese PinYin : Feng Xian
Cross the mountain to eliminate the root. Guo Shan Xiao Gen
Black soybean. Hei Da Dou
Jinguolan. Jin Guo Lan
Betel nut flower. Bin Lang Hua
Caiziqi. Cai Zi Qi
Caulis macrocephala. Da Tou Gu Cao
Papaya leaves. Fan Mu Gua Ye
tadpole. Ke Dou
Perilla tuberosa. Kuai Jing Cao Su
Rat footprints. Lao Shu Jiao Ji
Hydrangea divaricata. Xiu Qiu Fang Feng Gen
Eagle eyes. Ying Yan Jing