(Lu Chuan Ben Cao)
[synonyms] TA tou Pao, Pao Pao Cao, Xin Bu Gan (Guangxi Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine plant), Pao Bu Cao (Luchuan materia medica), Deng long Pao, GUI Deng long, Da Bu Cao (Nanning medical records), Shui Long Cao, Ku Long Cao, he Bu Cao, Da Er Pao (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II), and Ling Zi (Guangzhou Air Force Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Nepenthes.
[plant morphology] nepenthes
Annual herb, 30-90 cm high. Stems erect or scattered, finely ribbed, with short hairs. The leaves are simple, alternate, or 2-aggregative; ovoid to oblong, 3.5-10 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, apex short pointed, base slightly heart-shaped or oblique, margin shallowly undulate or sparsely serrate, upper green, lower light green, both veins covered with short hairs, lower dense; petiole 7-25 mm long, covered with short hairs. Flowers solitary in purulent leaves; pedicel 4-5 mm long, with short hairs; calyx green, bell shaped, 5-lobed, 3-4 mm in diameter, 5-ribbed, with short hairs on the surface; corolla yellow, short tubular, about 5 mm long, 5-lobed, lobes round, with purple on the inside of throat; stamen 5, filaments yellow, anthers blue purple, beyond the corolla; pistil 1, ovary superior, 2-locular, style light yellow, stigma Green, round. Berry round, ca. 1 cm in diam., yellow; persistent calyx inflates into a lantern when bearing, surrounding the berry, but separated from the fruit. The flowering period is from June to July. The fruit period is from September to October.
Born in the field, roadside, village. There are sub cities in the north and south of China.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[chemical constituents] the root contains organic acids, amino acids, flavonoid glycosides, phenols and sugars. The leaves contain chlorogenic acid. The fruit is rich in carotene, containing 89.55% water, 2.01% nitrogen, 0.28% fat, 3.51% sugar, 0.69% cellulose, 0.78% ash and 0.56% organic acid. The juice contains 40 mg ascorbic acid and 2.6 mg carotene per 100 ml. The shell contains potassium chloride, potassium citrate, phytosterol, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid and saturated fatty acid. In addition, it contains 0.03% amorphous glycosides, tannins and reducing sugars.
The seed contains 6.28% semi dry oil, which is composed of trans oleic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidonic acid, but linolenic acid is not found, and a sterol is isolated.
[nature and taste] 1. In Lu Chuan Ben Cao: "sweet and light, slightly cold. "
② "Bitter, cold, slightly sweet. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, promoting Qi, relieving pain and detumescence. It is used to treat cold, rash, sore throat, cough, abdominal distension, hernia and pemphigus.
① Lu Chuan's materia medica: "promoting Qi, reducing distension and diuresis. Treatment of abdominal distension, orchitis, hernia. "
② "Drug records of Nanning city": "clearing away heat, killing insects, relieving pain and detumescence. Treatment of hot eyes, sore throat, cough; external application of toxic sores, and fumigation scrotal swelling. "
③ "Raw herbal medicine manual": "oral treatment of typhoid fever or intestinal hernia. External washing for pemphigus. "
④ "Gong Tong suanzi" in Chinese medicine and plant Atlas. "
⑤ "Common Chinese herbal medicine manual" of Guangzhou Air Force: "for cold, fever, mumps, bronchitis, herpes, furuncle, colic. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
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