Tai Tsuen Ma
(Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine)
[synonym] big Qian Ma, stem MA (Yunnan materia medica), Qian Ma, nettle, scorpion grass (Yunnan herbal medicine).
[source] the whole plant or root of scorpion grass of Urticaceae.
[plant morphology] scorpion grass
Herbs perennial, about 1.5-2.5 m tall, all covered with short hairs and sharp spiny stings. Usually tufted, stems ribbed. Leaves alternate; leaf outline pentagonal, length and width (0-25 cm), base shallowly cordate or nearly truncated, palmately 3-lobed, 1-lobed with a few triangular lobes, margin with coarse teeth, sparsely scabrous on the top, pubescent on the bottom, 3 basal veins; petiole 4-15 cm long; stipules connate, broadly ovate. Usually dioecious; male inflorescence 12 cm long, male flowers dense, perianth segments 4, stamens 4; female inflorescence 18 cm long, with a few branches; female flowers dense, perianth segments 2, unequal in size; stigma filiform. Achenes broadly ovate, flat, smooth.
It grows in damp places near the forest in the valley. Distributed in Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan and other places.
[collection] all year round. Dry or fresh
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "South Yunnan Materia Medica": "bitter slightly pungent, slightly cold. "
② Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine: "bitter, pungent, cool. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind and relieving exterior, benefiting qi and eliminating phlegm, clearing fire and detoxifying. Treatment of cold cough, chest tightness, phlegm, skin itching, sore poison.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "dispel skin wind itching, spit, eliminate phlegm and lower Qi. It can treat wind injury, Lung Qi cough, stomach phlegm and sore poison. Simmer in water or take juice. "
② "Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine": "dispelling wind, eliminating phlegm, detoxification, diuresis. Treatment of infantile convulsion, stroke, silent, cough, phlegm, hemoptysis, edema, sore poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang; or mashed juice drink. External use: wash with boiling water.
Chinese PinYin : Da Quan Ma
Tai Tsuen Ma
Elderberry 2. Jie Gu Cao
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Shi Longrui. Shi Long Rui
Persimmon. Shi Zi
Tianxianteng. Tian Xian Teng
Wild fodder bean. Ye Liao Dou
Dragon cutting grass. Zhan Long Cao
Rumpled leaf sheep's hoof. Zhou Ye Yang Ti