(Tianbao materia medica)
[synonyms] acanthopanax bark (benpei in South Yunnan), baijiegen (preparation of raw herbal medicine), baicigen and shanwujia (caomibianfang), kujiexu (collection of herbs in south of the five ridges), cisanjia and kushitou (Guizhou folk medicine), Sanjia bark (Sichuan Chinese medicine records), tusanjia bark and Sanjia bark (Guangxi medicine plant list).
[source] root or root bark of Acanthopanax senticosus.
[plant morphology] Baijie (essential preparation of raw herbal medicine), also known as Fengdang Jie and kujie Cong (Lingnan medicine collection record), e Zhang Jie, baijiehua, kuci, Barbus, Sanye Ci, choci, sanzhufeng, Sanye Wujia, baiciteng, citengwu, shanhualian, Wuhu Ci, sangufeng, Honglu Ci and sanhuamei.
Perennial climbing shrubs, 1-7 m high. The bark is gray white, the branches are lenticular and spiny. Compound leaves alternate; petioles 2-6 cm long, often spiny; leaflets usually 3, rarely 5, papery, with short petioles; leaflets long ovate or oblong, 4-8 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, apex acute, margin serrate, base cuneate. Umbels terminal, often 3-10 aggregate into racemes or compound umbels, few solitary; calyx 5-denticulate, glabrous, ca. 1.5 mm long; petals 5-piece, white, yellowish, triangular, ca. 2 mm long; stamens 5; pistils single, ovary inferior, 2-locular, style 2, connate below middle. Fruit globose, slightly compressed, 3-4 mm long, black. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from November to December.
It grows in the shrubbery of stream, foot of mountain, roadside and hilly land. Distribution in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Hunan and other places.
The tender branches and leaves of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] from September to October, the root bark was collected and dried.
[chemical constituents] the leaves contain taraxacinol and its acetate, β - sitosterol, TRIACONTANE, Triacontanol and triadiol.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "warm in nature, bitter and pungent in taste. "
② "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": bitter and pungent in taste, slightly cold in nature. "
③ "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "Gan Xin, Wei Han. "
[meridian tropism] 1. In the south of Yunnan materia medica: "entering the lung and kidney. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "into the liver, kidney, stomach three channels. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, dispelling wind and dampness, relaxing tendons and activating blood circulation. Treatment of cold, high fever, expectoration with blood, rheumatoid arthritis, jaundice, leucorrhea, urinary tract stones, injuries, boils and sores.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is used to treat waist and knee pain, hernia, muscle and bone contracture, and children's soft feet. "
② "The root is the same as Wedelia triloba, mash and apply sores. Wash your feet. "
③ Ben Cao Qiu yuan: "stop heat and cough. "
④ "Cao Mu Bian Fang" says: "in addition to rheumatism, it can treat muscle and bone contracture, waist and knee strain. It can disperse blood stasis. "
⑤ "Classification of herbal medicine": treatment of leucorrhea, rheumatism and numbness. "
⑥ "Tianbao Materia Medica": "to cure the head wind. "
⑦ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "applying knife wounds can promote muscle growth. "
⑧ Guangzhou army's Manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and toxin, dispelling wind and removing dampness, treating cold, high fever, bone pain, cough, chest pain, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, urinary calculi. "
⑨ Guizhou herbal medicine: "Shujin Huoxue, Qufeng dehumidification, regulating qi, relieving asthma, relieving cough. "
⑩ Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "dispersing blood stasis and relieving pain. It is used to treat traumatic injuries, fractures, knife wounds, boils and sores. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang; or soaking in wine. External use: decocting, washing, grinding, mixing or tamping.
[taboo] Mindong materia medica: "pregnant women should not use it. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of numbness of hands and feet, flaccid waist and knees, aching muscles and bones, weakness of limbs, phlegm, fire and dampness: stir fried black beans (soaked in children's stool nine times, steaming through is better), qingui, Chenpi, Wujiapi, etc. Soak in millet wine. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
② Treatment of rheumatism due to labor injury: cisan plus Genpi five to eight coins. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou folk medicine)
③ Treatment of joint swelling and pain: dry three plus skin root one to three Liang, or add two dried cuttlefish, wine stew service. Hand joint pain lengthens the fresh roots of Phyllanthus urinaria; foot joint pain increases the fresh roots of Achyranthes bidentata; waist pain increases the fresh roots of Celastrus orbiculatus. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of rheumatism: Acanthopanax trifoliate root 1 to 22. Fried in water or soaked in wine. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of traumatic injury: three root bark, sweet wine each amount, tamping. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
⑥ Treatment of fracture: prick three root bark, mash, mix wine evenly, stir fry slightly, cover the wound. (Guizhou folk medicine)
⑦ Zhiyanghuang: four taels of fresh three plus skin root, two taels of fresh white radish root, five yuan of rock sugar. Stewed in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of labor, vomiting and heartache: cisangugan, Achyranthes bidentata, zhushalian, xiaoxueteng each three money. Half a catty of wine. Take it twice a day for five to one or two dollars each time. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of low back pain: white root three Liang, squid dry two. Wine, water half stew service. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of cough and asthma: thorn three plus root five money, inverted root five money, sunflower heart five money. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou folk medicine)
(11) treatment of cough with blood in sputum: Acanthopanax senticosus root, jiuchonggen, Shangye, weijiwei, Baiji each. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou folk medicine)
(12) treatment of sores: white cleaning root 1 to 2 liang, water decocting; another take a leaf to hold, mix winter honey, smash external application. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⒀ treatment of back flower sores: three plus, Viola, Rosa laevigata cotyledon, creeping pansy, a total of mash, apply the affected area. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
(14) treatment of mastitis and mastitis: clean one or two white roots, add sweet potato wine and bake them. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
Treatment of leucorrhea, menstrual difficulties: three plus three money, red cow knee two money. Take it in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Ci San Jia
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Nutmeg. Rou Dou Kou Yi
Fraxinus chinensis. Shui Bai La
Tin ore. Xi Kuang
Pearl Fengzi. Zhen Zhu Feng Zi