(Guizhou folk medicine Collection)
[synonyms] smelly Changshan (Chinese botanical Atlas), smelly Miao (Chinese medicinal plant records), big goat, saoguyang, dizhizi, zhizihuang (Guizhou folk medicine Collection), Changshan (Chinese medicine records), big saoyang (Guiyang folk medicine), white pepper, big vegetable medicine (Guizhou herbal medicine).
[source] it is the root of Rutaceae plant Changshan, Japan.
[plant morphology] Changshan, Japan
Deciduous shrub, up to 3 meters high. Branches yellowish brown, glabrous, green shoots, sparse white hairs, immediately falling off, or smooth glabrous. Leaf blade rhombic ovate to ovate elliptic, 3-17 cm long and 2-9 cm wide, apex acuminate or obtuse, base broadly cuneate, entire or slightly obtuse serrate. The flowers are unisexual, dioecious, yellow green; the male inflorescence is racemose, lateral at the base of the new branch, and the rachis and petiole are scattered with white hairs; the base of the petiole has one ovate bract; the base of the calyx tube has two opposite ovate bracts, four sepals, ovate, base healing, margin hairy, petals 4, stamens 4, alternate with petals; the female flower is solitary, with staminodes 4, ovary superior, carpel 4, and flowers Column short, stigma 4-lobed. Capsule, 2-valved. Seeds black, subglobose. The flowering period is March.
Born in the wild. There are also cultivators. It is distributed in the south of the Yangtze River.
[collection] harvest from September to October
[chemical constituents] the root contains alkaloids such as heshangshanine, vanilline, vanilline, vanillin, konjac, norepinephrine and changshanine. The fruit contains vanillin and konjac.
Yeyinyu alkaloid, vanilline, aegiline, bergamot lactone, zanthoxylin, uninhibited terpenoids, isokaempferol, eucalyptol, carapace menthol, α - terpineol, α - pinene, β - pinene, camphene, γ - Terpinene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, coumarin, apigenin B, hesperidone, o-methyl bavos quaternary ammonium salt are contained in the leaves.
[nature and taste] Guiyang folk herbs: "hard work, cold, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat and relieving exterior, promoting qi and relieving pain, dispelling wind and dampness. Treatment of wind heat, cold, cough, sore throat, toothache, stomachache, rheumatoid arthritis pain, dysentery, nameless swelling poison.
① Li Chenghu's medicinal botany: "antipyretic, expectorant. "
② Guizhou folk medicine collection: "it can relieve fever, expel wind, show cold, perspire and induce vomiting. To treat Baizi, to treat unknown swelling poison. "
③ Guiyang folk herbs: "qingfengre. Treatment of cough, sore throat, toothache, damp heat dysentery, renal capsule sweating, pertussis. "
④ Guizhou herbal medicine: "Regulating Qi and relieving pain, clearing away heat and dampness, softening, strengthening and calming the mind. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; or grind powder. External use: for the end of the application.
[prescription selection] 1. To cure wind heat and sweat stagnation: stinky goat is the last coin. Drink and swallow. Wear a quilt to make it sweat.
② Treatment of stomachache: five yuan for smelly goat. Take it in boiling water.
③ Treatment of rheumatoid joint swelling and pain: smelly goat Kang dry research powder. One money at a time, swallow with wine.
④ Treatment of scrofula: smelly goat powder, mixed with sweet wine applied to the affected area. (Guizhou herbal medicine was selected)
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