(Lu Chan Yan Ben Cao)
[synonyms] spinach ridge (jiahualu), boleng vegetable (tanghuiyao), Chigen vegetable (pinhuijingyao), Persian grass (Gangmu), parrot vegetable, rat root vegetable (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), and Chinese Cabbage (Luchuan materia medica).
[source] it is the whole grass with roots of spinach, a Chenopodiaceae plant.
[plant morphology] spinach
Annual herbs, all smooth, tender and watery. The young roots are reddish. Leaves alternate; basal leaves and lower leaves of stem larger; upper leaves of stem gradually smaller, halberd shaped or triangular ovate; leaves on inflorescence become lanceolate; with long stalk. Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers arranged in panicles, terminal or axillary, perianth 4, yellow green, stamens 4, protruding; female flowers clustered in leaf axils, perianth altar shaped, 2-toothed, style 4, linear, slender, lower combined. Utricles, hard, usually with 2 horned spines. It blooms in summer.
They are planted all over the country.
The fruit of this plant (spinach seed) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[chemical composition] the edible part contains 2 grams of protein, 0.2 grams of fat, 2 grams of carbohydrates, 0.6 grams of crude fiber, 2 grams of ash, 70 mg of calcium, 34 mg of phosphorus, 2.5 mg of iron, 2.96 mg of carotene, 0.04 mg of thiamine, 0.13 mg of riboflavin, 0.6 mg of nicotinic acid, 31 mg of ascorbic acid, more than 0.1 g of oxalic acid, 17 mg of rutin, 1.1 mg of fluorine, and a large amount of α - tocopherol Phenol, 6-hydroxymethyl-1,2,4-tridine Dione.
The leaves contain zinc 56-68 mg / kg (dry weight), folic acid 1.22 μ g / g, amino acids and carotenoids such as lutein, β - carotene, new - β - carotene B, new - β - carotene u, α - spinasterol, stigmasterol-7-ol, cholesterol, sterol esters and sterol glycosides, marigold, spinach leaf element, and a purple fluorescent substance 2-acetyl-3-p-hydroxyphenylacryloyl endonuclease Racemic tartaric acid.
The root contains spinach saponins A and B.
Sweet and cool.
① Jiayou materia medica: "cold, slightly toxic. "
② Daily use materia medica: "sweet, cold, non-toxic. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet and sour, cold. "
[Guijing] 1. To match materia medica: "start with Taiyang and Yangming scriptures. "
② Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "enter the intestines and stomach. "
Functions and indications: nourishing blood, stopping bleeding, accumulating Yin and moistening dryness. Treatment of bleeding, bloody stool, scurvy, thirst drink, constipation.
① Meng Shen: "benefit the five zang organs, relieve heat in the intestines and stomach, and detoxify alcohol.". "
② Daily use materia medica: "detoxify heat and poison. "
③ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "dredge the blood vessels, open the chest and diaphragm, regulate the lower Qi, quench thirst, moisten and explode. Gen Youliang. "
④ Yilin zuanyao: "gather Yin, harmonize blood. "
⑤ Lu Chuan's materia medica: "into the blood.". Blood generating, blood activating, hemostasis and blood stasis removing. Treatment of bleeding, intestinal bleeding, bad blood. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: cooked or ground.
Yishiyao: multiple ulcers. "
[selected formula] for the treatment of Xiaoke and Yinyin, when the day comes to one stone, it is divided into three parts: baolinggen, Jineijin, etc. It's the end. Rice drink, three days. (empirical formula)
In the Confucian School of affairs, it is said that "the husband is ill for a long time, and the stool is astringent and stagnant." When you take sunflower, spinach, pig and sheep blood again, you will benefit naturally. According to Neijing, it is also true to nourish orifices by sliding. "
② According to Ben Jing Feng Yuan, "all vegetables can dredge the intestines and stomach, especially the cold and smooth spinach.". "
③ Ben Cao Cong Xin: "spinach is said to be cold in ancient Ben Cao. Today, people try it, but when they see it hot, they don't feel it cold. "
④ "Ben Cao Qiu Zhen": "Bo Ling, any book says that it can benefit the intestines and stomach. It is suitable for people who have been ill for a long time and their stools are obstructed. It is also suitable for those who have hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids. In other words, it can detoxify heat poison, wine poison, cover because of cold, then cure heat, spinach Ling smell is cold, all because of carbuncle swelling toxic hair, and because of wine wet poison, should use this to take. And the poison and heat do not start from the stomach and reach the intestines first, so the medicine mostly comes from the sweetness. Because the pineapple is slippery and cold, and the taste is sweet, it can enter the stomach to clear away the heat and poison, and make the heat and poison come out from the intestines and stomach. "
⑤ According to the Diet Manual of suiqiju, it is suitable for people with chest and diaphragm opening, bowel and stomach unblocking, moistening dryness and activating blood circulation, constipation and hemorrhoids. The root is delicious and the autumn is good. "
Chinese PinYin : Bo Cai
Ampelopsis grossedentata. Ji Shi Teng Guo
Dingmuxiang. Ding Mu Xiang
Bean curd skin. Dou Fu Pi
Zedoary turmeric. E Shu Guang Xi E Shu
Juglans regia. Hu Tao Hua
Huang KaiKou. Huang Kai Kou
Stem and leaf of fennel. Hui Xiang Jing Ye
Desmodium oxyphyllum. Ling Ye Shan Ma Huang
Hedgehog brain. Wei Nao
Acacia root. Xiang Si Zi Gen
Mutton hoof. Yang Ti Rou
Pig kidney. Zhu Shen