Xu Ling (507-583), named Xiaomu, was born in Tan county, Donghai County (today's Tancheng, Shandong Province). He was born in the Xu family of Donghai County. He was a famous poet and writer in the Southern Dynasty. General Rong Zhao, Prince Zuowei and Xu Yu's son.
In his early years, he was famous for his poems. At the age of eight, he was able to write articles, and at the age of twelve, he was familiar with Zhuangzi and Laozi. When he grew up, he learned historical records and had eloquence. During the period of Xiao Yan, Emperor Wu of Liang Dynasty, he was a Bachelor of the East Palace, and often went in and out of the forbidden area. He was a poet of the palace style at that time, as well as Yu Xin, and was also known as "Xu Yu". After entering Chen Dynasty, he continued to write palace style poems in his previous posts as minister Zuo pushe and Zhongshu supervisor.
He died in 583, the first year of Zhide. He was seventy-seven years old. He was given to Zhenyou general, tejin, Shizhong, zuoguanglu doctor, Guchui, and Jianchang County Hou rugu. His posthumous title is Zhang. There are 6 volumes of Xu Xiaomu Ji and 10 volumes of Yutai Xinyong.
Life of the characters
When Xu Ling was a child, he was praised as "the stone unicorn in the sky" and "the contemporary Yan Hui". His family members were very upright, serious, sincere and modest. At that time, the imperial court document system was mostly written by Xu Ling. Xu Ling impeached the powerful minister Bao Seng Rui under Chen Xu (later emperor Chen Xuan), the younger brother of Chen Qian, Emperor Wen di (Shizu), as well as the officials of the imperial court, such as Shizhong and zhongshujian, who were so eloquent and dignified that even Chen Shizu himself arranged his clothes and took his seat seriously Wang, go back. He brought down the state beetle with great courage, and the imperial court was awed by it ever since.
In 569 A.D., he took part in deposing the deposed emperor Chen bozong, supported emperor Chen Xuan (Gaozong), and was granted the title of Marquis of Jianchang County. The emperor asked him to be the minister Zuo pushe and the Minister of the Ministry of officials. He refused many times, and the emperor was moved. Later, the imperial court decided to choose the commander of the northern expedition. He also made a lot of comments, denied the Chunyu quantity recommended by many people, and independently recommended Wu Mingche, a more suitable general, as the leader. Facts have proved that he is right. The emperor praised him many times for his unique insight and understanding of people. His poems and anthologies were first collected.
Xu Ling, whose name is Xiaomu, was born in Tancheng, East China Sea. His father, General Liang Rongzhao, and Prince Zuo Wei led him. Master Shi Baozhi had a way. When he was several years old, he rubbed the top of the tomb and said, "there are stone unicorns in the sky." Every time he returned to his home, he was called master Ku. Eight years old can belong to the text, twelve links "Zhuang" and "Lao" meaning. Both long, erudite historical records, vertical and horizontal oral argument. In the second year of Liang Dynasty (521), he took part in the military of Wang Ning man mansion in Jin'an. In the third year of zhongdatong (531), Wang Li was the crown prince, and the east palace had a bachelor's degree. Li Shangshu duzhilang, Tongzhi Sanqi Changshi. And Hou Jingkou, the capital, died of a disease due to a sense of Qi. And Jiangling depression, Taiwei Wang monk debate reception feed legacy, its ceremony is very good. He took the Mausoleum as the minister, the minister, and took charge of the imperial edict. Chen Baxian led soldiers to fight monks, but Shi Ling did not ask. In addition to general Zhenwei, Secretary Zuo Cheng, Minister Huang men's servant and Secretary Supervisor. PA first received Zen as Chen Gaozu, and then he served as a regular servant on horseback. Li Taifu minister, Wu bingshang Shu, San Qichang Shi, Yu Shizhong Cheng, Li Bu Shang Shu, led the great works. Since the end of the Liang Dynasty, there has been a lot of confusion in the selection and teaching of the mausoleum. After the Lord ascended the throne, he tasted Zuo Wu, and then his aunt su. Moved to the left Guanglu doctor, Prince Shaofu. Empress Zhu Hao and his concubines were erotic Ci poems, which were written in the mausoleum. The mausoleum said, "they don't express themselves." After the title of the main. He was seventy-seven years old. Imperial edict said: "Ling weak age, learn still, ascend the dynasty Xiuying, industry high name generation, Wen Yue CI." As a gift to Zhenyou general and tejin, his posthumous title is Zhang. It has a far-reaching situation, considerable accommodation, simple nature, no camp tree, and the salary is shared with the relatives. In taijianzhong, the food was used to build Changyi, and the households in the city sent rice to shuici. If the relatives of the mausoleum had a poor chamber, they were ordered to take it. It would be exhausted in a few days, and the family of the mausoleum would be exhausted. The bureaucrats of the government asked him why. Ling Yun said, "I have carts and clothes to sell. Do you have clothes for the rest of the family?" This is the case with Zhou GEI. Few people believe in Buddhism, and most of the classics are refined. Later, in the East Palace, the emperor ordered the mausoleum to talk about Daping Jing. The famous monks of Yixue gathered from afar. Every time they talked about banquets and business competitions, they could not compete with each other. Eyes have green eyes, when people think that the wisdom of the phase also. Chen Chuangye had his own business. The military documents and the imperial edicts of Zen were all made by the mausoleum, and Jiuxi was especially beautiful. For a generation of literary school, also do not use this thing, did not slander the author. He is tireless in leading those who are backward. During the reign of Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan, the country made a great contribution, both of which were made of mausoleum and grass. His works have changed from the old style to the new style. Every article, good people have been written into recitation, so it was Hua Yi, home possession of its original. Later, when they were in disorder, they lost a lot. Xu Yu is as famous as Yu Xin. Today, there are six volumes of Xu Xiaomu collection. Ten volumes of Yutai Xinyong, 769 poems from Eastern Zhou Dynasty to Liang Dynasty, Moshangsang, Peacock Flying Southeast and Shangshan are recorded
Mi Wu and so on.
There are 6 volumes of Xu Xiaomu Ji and 10 volumes of Yutai Xinyong.
Yutai Xinyong is a collection of poems compiled by Xu Ling in the middle of Liang Dynasty. Some people suspect that this book was not compiled by Xu Ling, but by later people, but this theory is not enough to reach a conclusion. Yutai Xinyong contains 690 poems from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty to Liang Dynasty. According to the research of modern people, it is specially compiled for the relief of worries and frustrations of concubine Xu of emperor Xiaoyi of Liang Yuan. In terms of material selection, the main purpose is to "select and record erotic songs" (preface to the new chanting of Yutai), which mainly includes the works of love between men and women. Generally speaking, there are no such categories as the sorrow of parting, the feeling of being hurt and the abandonment of donation in the middle way, and the scope is relatively narrow. But there are also many poems with sincere feelings and practical significance, such as the Han Yuefu folk song "Mo Shang sang", the ancient Chinese long narrative poem "for Jiao Zhongqing's wife" (also known as "Peacock Flying Southeast"), and "picking up Mi Wu on the mountain". These poems show sincere love and women's pain, which shows that the poems recorded in Yutai Xinyong are not all erotic poems. These folk literature works are not found in Xiao Tong's Wenxuan, but are spread by the preservation of Yutai Xinyong. The annotated version includes the textual research on the new chants of Yutai by Ji Rongshu in Qing Dynasty.
Anecdotes and allusions
I'll let you know the cold and heat
In the second year of Liang Taiqing, Xu Ling, 42 years old, was appointed as an envoy to the Northern Dynasty and the Eastern Wei Dynasty. The state of Wei specially held a banquet for him. Wei Shou, the etiquette officer of the state of Wei, despised him. It happened that the weather was very hot that day, so he said to him intentionally: "today's heat is brought by Xu Changshi."
Knowing that Wei Shou intended to make fun of himself, Xu Ling replied, "once upon a time, Wang Su came here to make etiquette for your country. Now I'm here to let you know the cold and heat."
Wei Shou was so ashamed that he admired his talent and did not dare to despise it.
Xu Ling's great grandfather Xu Pingdao, his grandfather Xu Chaozhi, governor of Yulin, and his father Xu Fu, general Rong Zhao, are all famous. His younger brother, Xu Xiaoke, and his four sons are all excellent talents in literature and martial arts, especially in poetry and prose. His family has been in politics and literature for a hundred years, and has a prominent family status.
After Xu Ling died, his eldest son Xu Jian succeeded his father as Marquis of Jianchang. Xu Jian successively served as Liang Shangshu's doctor of the Jin Department, East Prince Xi Ma, East Zhonglang and his servant zhongshulang, geishi Huangmen's servant, Shangshu zuocheng, general Rongzhao, and King Changshi of Jin Xi.
Xu Jian had a son, Xu fayan, who successively served as secretary of Chen Lang, Prince Sheren, Prince Xima, zhongsheren, situ Zuoxi, Zhenwei, Yitong and King Poyang. After entering the Sui Dynasty, he served as the general manager of Yizhou in the Sui Dynasty and served in the military, and the king of Shu Yang Fu served in the military. After entering the Tang Dynasty, he served as one hundred supervisors of daoxingtai in Eastern Shaanxi.
Xu wenggui, the son of Xu FA, served as the assistant of Suhu in Wujun of Sui Dynasty, the Cheng of Xiaohuang County in bianzhou of Tang Dynasty, and the military officer of Cao Shen in Youzhou.
Xu Weng returned to his son Xu Cheng, whose name was Juyuan. He did not become an official in the Tang Dynasty. He was under the command of Wu Qiwei and had his son Xu Ke.
Chen Shujuan 26 biographies 20
Xu Ling, whose name is Xiao Mu, is a native of Tan in the East China Sea. Zu Chaozhi was the prefect of Yulin in the Southern Qi Dynasty and the member of Liang Dynasty. His father, General Liang Rongzhao and Prince Zuowei, presented him to Shizhong and Prince Zhan Shi, posthumously named Zhenzi. Mother Zang's, taste the dream of five colors cloud into Phoenix, set on the left shoulder, already born mausoleum Yan. When Baozhi master, the world said he had a way, Ling years old, family members to wait, Baozhi hand rub its top, said: "the sky stone Unicorn also." Master Huiyun of guangzhai made his achievements early in his mausoleum, which is called Yan Hui. At the age of eight, he was able to write, and he had twelve links to the meanings of Zhuang and Lao. Both long, erudite historical records, vertical and horizontal oral argument.
In the second year of Liang Dynasty, King Jin'an was the general of Pingxi and the captain of ningman school. His father Fu advised the king, and the king led his mausoleum to the military of ningman mansion. In the third year of zhongdatong, Wang Li was the crown prince, and the east palace had a bachelor's degree. He moved a little to be a minister. Liu Xiaoyi, the censor's Zhongcheng, had a gap with the mausoleum. It was rumored that the mausoleum was impeached in the county, so he was not allowed to sit there. For a long time, he joined the army in Nanping palace and moved to Tongzhi Sanqi. Liang Jianwen wrote "the records of Changchun Palace" in the East Palace, making the Mausoleum as the preface. He also ordered Yu Shaofu to write Zhuangzi Yi. Wang Zhongji's office in the west of Xiangdong town was moved to join the army.
In the second year of the Qing Dynasty, he was also a regular official. Wei, Wei people give banquet. The sun was very hot. Wei Shou, his guest, said, "today's heat should come from Xu Chang Shi." Ling then replied, "in the past, Wang Su came here to make etiquette for the beginning of Wei Dynasty. Now I'm here to make Qing know the cold and heat again." I'm so ashamed.
As for Hou Jingkou's capital, his father was in the besieged city first. Instead of serving family letters, he ate cloth clothes with vegetables, and felt sorry if he lived there. Huiqi was governed by Wei Chan, and Liang Yuan emperor took over the system in Jiangling. Ling Lei asked for a reply and eventually detained him. Ling wrote to his servant Yang Zunyan
My husband's feeling is that the sun shines on Luyang, and his ambition is clear, and the spring flows to Shule. Kuang Fu's head of state is well-being, and his thighs are good, and his neighbors have heard of him, and he is also in the prime of Fengjiao! The way of heaven is poor, the clock is disordered, the government is anxious, the public and the private are afraid, and the request of the skeleton is drowning in the cold of the year, the prayer of the balance, and the scroll of empty surplus, which is not what we want or look up to.
Deacons don't hear about it: in the past
Chinese PinYin : Xu Ling
Zhang Lin. Zhang Lin
Wang Jinxi. Wang Jin Xi
scepter. Wang Jie
Bao Si. Bao Si
Du Ruhui. Du Ru Hui
Cai Jing. Cai Jing
Wonjong . Yuan Zong