Lu Guang (337-399), a native of the di nationality, was born in Linwei County, Lueyang county (now Qin'an County, Gansu Province). During the period of Sixteen States, he was the prince of Liang Dynasty and the son of Lu bolou, a former Qin Taiwei.
Lu Guang was calm, generous and brave. In the pre Qin period, Wang Meng, the prime minister, was highly appreciated. He became an official with the title of "virtuous and virtuous". He set up a magistrate in meiyang county and moved to Yingyang general. In the second year of Yongxing (358), Zhang Ping, the herdsman of Bingzhou, was conquered, and Zhang Ho, the enemy of ten thousand people, was stabbed. He pacified Fu Luo's rebellion, conquered the western regions and made many achievements. After the war of Feishui, in the face of the chaos of the former Qin Dynasty, Liang Xi, the governor of Liangzhou, was killed. After receiving the news of Fu Jian's death, he mourned for him and respected Fu Jian as the emperor, posthumously named emperor Wenzhao. Later, according to the local name system, he successively named himself the Duke of Jiuquan and the king of Sanhe. In the first year of Longfei (396), he claimed to be the king of heaven and was known as "Daliang" to fight against the Western Qin regime. Old and tired, rebellious everywhere. Emperor Lu Shao was the emperor's first emperor.
In the fourth year of Longfei (399), he died at the age of 62, posthumous title Yiwu, temple Title Taizu, buried in Gaoling.
Life of the characters
Later Zhao Jianwu four years (337 years), Lu Guang was born in Fangtou (now xunxian County, Henan Province). He was born in the family of Di chieftain in Lueyang. He did not like reading since childhood. He only loved hunting and martial arts. When he was an adult, he had a steady temperament, a large amount of generosity, and a lot of joy and anger. His talent is not valued by people, but appreciated by Wang Meng.
Before the first year of Yongxing (357), Fu insisted that he was the king of Qin, and put Wang Meng, LV bolou and other ministers in high position. Because of his father's contribution to his life, LV Guang was recommended by Wang Meng and entered his official career as a "virtuous person". At the beginning, he was the magistrate of meiyang County, and was deeply loved by the people under his rule. Later, he was promoted to general Yingyang.
Tired of war
In the second year of Yongxing (358), LV Guang followed Fu Jian to fight against Zhang Ping, a warlord in Bingzhou. Zhang Ho, Zhang Ping's adopted son, is brave and vigorous. He is known as the enemy of ten thousand people. He faced Deng Qiang, the forward of the Qin army, for more than ten days, and it was hard for them to win. Soon after, Fu Jian arrived at Tongbi (now Xin County, Shanxi Province), and Zhang Ping sent all his troops to meet him. Zhang ho attacked the Qin army four or five times. Fu Jian offered a reward for recruiting warriors. LV Guang took the lead in the battle, stabbing Zhang ho under the horse, and Deng Qiang later captured him alive. Zhang Ping was defeated and had to surrender to Fu Jian. Since then, Lu Guang has gained great prestige.
In 368, Fu Shuang, Zhao Gong, and Fu Wu, Yan Gong, rebelled in Shangying (today's Tianshui City, Gansu Province) and anding (today's Jingchuan County, Gansu Province). Fu Jian sent Yang Chengshi to fight against him. He was defeated by Gou Xing, Fu Shuang's general. Fu Jian ordered LV Guang, then general Ning Shuo, and Wang Jian, then general Wu Wei, to fight against him. Wang Jian wanted to make a quick decision. LV Guang said: "Gou Xinggang defeated Yang Chengshi. His morale is booming. We should use our troops steadily and wait for a good opportunity. When gou Xing comes to win, he will withdraw his grain. Then he will attack and defeat the enemy. " Twenty days later, Gou Xing withdrew because he had run out of grain. LV Guang said, "we can attack." So he and Wang Jian sent troops to pursue and defeat Gou Xing. He also attacked Fu Shuang and Fu Wu, defeated the rebels and beheaded them at 15000 levels. Fu Shuang and Fu Wu fled back to Shangying. In July of that year, Lu Guang and others seized Shangying and killed Fu Shuang and Fu Wu.
In the sixth year of Jianyuan (370), Lu Guang and the king annihilated Qianyan and won the title of Marquis of Tingdu. Later, he served as the chief of the shogunate in Luoyang.
In 378, Fu Zhong rebelled in Luoyang. Fu Jian thought that LV Guang was loyal and upright, and would not take part in the rebellion, so he ordered LV Guang to arrest Fu Zhong. As expected, LV Guang took Fu Zhong back to Chang'an with a carriage. Soon after, Lu Guang returned to the court as the right leader of the crown prince, which was deeply respected by Fu Jian.
In 379, the Eastern Jin Dynasty sent the right General Mao Husheng to attack Bazhong with 30000 troops to rescue Wei Xing. Li Yan, a native of Shu, gathered 20000 people to besiege Chengdu in response to Mao Husheng. Lu Guang led his army to Sichuan as a general of breaking prisoners, suppressed Li Wu uprising, and was promoted to infantry captain.
In the 16th year of Jianyuan (380), Fu Luo, the Duke of Xingtang, rebelled in Helong (now Chaoyang, Liaoning Province) of Youzhou. Fu Jian summoned his ministers to discuss, and LV Guang suggested: "Fu Luo rebelled as a clan, which is the common disgust of all the people in the world. If your majesty let his ministers lead fifty thousand horses, it will be effortless to put down the rebellion. " Fu Jian said: "Fu Luo brothers occupy an important town in Northeast China. They are well equipped and can not be ignored.". Lu Guang replied: "all the members of the army were forced to gather for a moment. If the army presses in, it will fall apart. Your majesty need not worry. ". After Fu Jian failed to persuade Fu Luo to surrender, he ordered LV Guang and Dou Chong, the left general, to lead the army to fight the rebellion. At that time, Fu Chongzheng was in charge of Jicheng (now Daxing District of Beijing). In response to Fu Luo's rebellion, he joined forces with him in Zhongshan (now Dingzhou City, Hebei Province). In May of that year, Lu Guang and others defeated the rebels in Zhongshan, captured Fu Luo and sent him to Chang'an. Fu Chong was killed by LV Guang on his way back to Ji City. Before long, LV Guang was promoted to general Xiaoqi.
Weizhen Western Regions
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< sub > LV Guang's attack on kuci
In September of the 18th year of Jianyuan (382), Wang Mie and Shanshan king Xiumi in front of the Cheshi went to Chang'an to pay tribute, expressing their willingness to help the Qin army conquer the western regions. At that time, the former Qin Dynasty had unified the north and had a strong army. Fu Jian wanted to manage the western regions, so he appointed LV Guang as envoy Chijie (one for Chijie) and governor of the western regions. He and four generals Jiang Fei, Peng Huang, Du Jin and Kang Sheng led 70000 infantry (one for 100000) and 5000 cavalry to conquer the western regions. Dong Fang, Feng Yi, Guo Bao, Jia Qian and Yang Ying were the assistant generals of Longxi.
In the first month of the 19th year of Jianyuan (383), Lu Guang set out from Chang'an for the western expedition, guided by the troops of the former state and Shanshan state. He traveled through Gaochang (today's Turpan, Xinjiang), across the 300 Li desert, and arrived in Yanqi, the western region, in December of. The state of Yanqi and its affiliated states submitted to surrender one after another, while the neighboring state of kuci resisted with its affiliated states. Lu Guang gathered his army in the south of Yancheng (the capital of kuci state, now Kuqa, Xinjiang). He set up a camp every five li, dug deep ditches, built high bases, and commanded the army to attack the city. He also put on the wooden man's coat and armour, and put them on the base as suspicious soldiers to confuse the Kucha army. He moved all the people outside the city into the city and relied on the strong city to resist the Qin army. In that year, Fu Jian made a large-scale Southern expedition to the Eastern Jin Dynasty, but he was defeated in the battle of Feishui. Xianbei, Qiang, Xiongnu, Dingling and other Hu people became independent one after another, and the North fell into division again.
In July of the 20th year of Jianyuan (384), Bochun begged for help from the state of Kuai Hu. Kuihu united with the kings of Wensu and Weitou to rescue Kucha. Hu people are adept at bowing horses, and are good at using spears. Their armor is like Chain Armor, and they can't shoot arrows at all. He also used the leather rope as a rope to drive the horse and throw people. Many of the soldiers were in the middle. Everyone was scared. The generals wanted each battalion to form its own formation and to keep their troops at a distance from the enemy. Lu Guang said: "we are outnumbered, the battalions are far away from each other, and the forces are scattered. This is not a good strategy. "Lu Guang then assembled the troops of various battalions, practiced the hook and lock tactics, and used the elite cavalry as a tour army to fill the gaps at any time. In the western city war, Lu Guang defeated the Allied forces of the western regions, beheaded more than ten thousand troops, and forced Bochun to abandon the city overnight and flee, so he entered Yancheng. At that time, more than 30 countries in the western region were afraid of Lu Guang's prestige, and all sent envoys to pay tribute to the former Qin Dynasty. In the past, the rebellious and cunning Hu monarch who did not submit came all the way to show his attachment and handed over the Fu Jie given by the Han government. Lu Guang replaced it with the Fu Jie of the former Qin government. In August of that year, Fu Jian heard of the pacification of the western regions, and appointed LV Guang as envoy Chijie, sanqichangshi, commander in chief, military officer to the west of Yumen, general Anxi, captain of the western regions, and Marquis of Fengshun. However, due to the chaos in Guanzhong and the blocked roads, the edict could not be spread to the western regions.
Qiuci is a big country in the western regions, rich and prosperous, people's livelihood. After the Qin army occupied Qiuci, all the soldiers indulged in luxurious and flashy life. Lu Guang also had the idea of a separate regime in the western regions. In order to appease Kucha, he made Bozhen, the younger brother of Bochun, king of Kucha. Kumarashi, an eminent monk of the western regions, was in the army of LV Guangdong at that time. He thought that the western regions were "places of fierce death and should not be submerged". He suggested that LV Guangdong return them. Lu Guang then feasted on the soldiers and asked for their opinions. All generals are homesick and do not want to stay in the western regions. Lu guangsui used more than 20000 camels to carry the treasures of the western regions, and drove more than 10000 horses. In March of the 21st year of Jianyuan (385), he led the army back to the East.
After six months of trekking, Lu Guang led his army to Yihe (now Anxi County, Gansu Province) in September of that year. Liang Xi, the governor of Liangzhou, had the heart of self-reliance and did not want the Western expeditionary army to enter Liangzhou. Yang Han, the Gaochang prefect, proposed to send troops to guard gaotonggukou (in today's Turpan, Xinjiang) and yiwuguan (in today's Hami, Xinjiang) to prevent the Western expeditionary troops from entering the country, but Liang Xi refused. Lu Guangchu heard Yang Han's strategy and wanted to stop the army and wait, but because Du Jinli was the leader of the army, he continued to lead the army eastward. When he approached Gaochang, Yang Han had to open the city to welcome him. Yao Jing, the prefect of Dunhuang, and Li Chun, the prefect of Jinchang, also came down one after another. At that time, Fu Jian had been killed by Yao Chang. Although Fu PI was the emperor, the former Qin Dynasty was dead in name.
When LV Guangjun arrived at Yumen, Liang Xi issued an address accusing LV Guang of returning to the army without authorization and sending his son Yingyang General Liang Yin and Zhenwei general Yao Hao and Biejia Weihan to lead 50000 soldiers to intercept LV Guang in Jiuquan (now Gansu Province). At that time, Yao Jing, the prefect of Dunhuang, and Li Chun, the prefect of Jinchang, successively surrendered to LV Guang. On the one hand, LV Guang sent the address back to Liangzhou, denouncing Liang Xi for not having the sincerity to go to the national calamity, and denouncing the crimes of the troops he prevented from coming back. At the same time, Peng Huang, Du Jin, Jiang Fei and others were sent as vanguards to fight Liang Yin in Anmi (now Jiuquan City, Gansu Province). Liang Yin was defeated and led Qingqi to lead hundreds of cavalry to flee eastward. Du Jin chased them. In this case, all the Hu people and Yi people in the four mountains came and went
Chinese PinYin : Lv Guang
poet and essayist. Xu Zhi Mo
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Wang Jun. Wang Jun1
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Du Yu. Du Yu
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