Wang Jinfa (1883-1915) was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province. Xinhai revolutionary.
He joined the anti Qing party at the age of 18 and was promoted as the "leader" and devoted his whole life to the anti Qing struggle. He once served as the commander of Shaoxing military and government branch, the deputy commander of the national army, and the commander in chief of Yuanjun garrison in Shanghai. He was a man of the hour during the revolution of 1911. In his short life, he was full of legend. He was once praised by Sun Yat sen as "a hero in the Southeast".
After Qiu Jin was killed, Wang Jinfa vowed to avenge the martyrs. In order to help the weak and the strong in the east of Zhejiang Province, we should go deep into the poor and the rich. He was famous for his assassination of traitors and Qing officials. He executed traitor Wang Gongquan, informer Hu Daonan of the autumn case, and many others. His actions were neat and his trace was fleeting. He was described as "today's Nie Zheng".
After the failure of the second revolution, Wang Jinfa was wanted. In 1915, he was trapped in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province and killed in Zhejiang army prison.
Life of the characters
In 1905 (the 31st year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), he joined the restoration society in Shaoxing Datong school, which was appreciated by Xu Xilin. In the winter of the same year, he emigrated to Japan, entered Dashen sports school and graduated first. The next summer, he returned to China and worked as a gymnastic teacher in Datong school presided over by Qiu Jin.
In 1907 (the 33rd year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), Xu Xilin and Qiu Jin conspired to revolt in Anhui and Zhejiang at the same time. After the failure of the uprising, they were wanted by the Qing government. They changed their name to Jili and lived in the mountainous area of eastern Zhejiang. A few months later, they were transferred to Shanghai by Chen Qimei.
In 1908 (the 34th year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), his mother Xu Zhenmei and Chen Yingshi and Zhu Shaokang established Tianbao Inn, the secret liaison organ of the Jiangsu Zhejiang revolutionary party, in Shanghai. Later, because the traitor informs, the organ is destroyed. Xuan was ordered to execute the traitor Wang Gongquan and punish the traitor Liu Shipei. In the next two years, he went to Hong Kong, Singapore, Guangzhou and other places to contact comrades, collect donations, make bombs, design anti traitors, and recover large amounts of revolutionary funds engulfed by wavering elements, which won the praise of the leaders of the alliance.
In the autumn of 1911 (the third year of Xuantong), he organized the death squads to go to Hangzhou secretly. On the night of November 4 (September 14 of the lunar calendar), he joined the uprising new army to conquer the ordnance Bureau and made "the first contribution" to the restoration of Hangzhou. On the 10th (20th), at the invitation of Shaoxing revolutionary party members, he led the Ministry to recover Shaoxing and became the commander of Shaoxing military branch. In the early days of Zhushao, the military and government departments released prisoners, offered sacrifices to the martyrs, paid tribute to the martyrs' families, gave relief to the warehouse, reduced exorbitant taxes and levies, set up industries, banned opium, organized Yuezhong Art Institute, developed education, raised money to expand the army, and prepared for the northern expedition. Later, surrounded by the old forces, the style of life began to degenerate gradually, and Zhang Jiemei, one of the killers who took part in the killing of Ms. Qiu Jin, was "forgiven".
In 1912, after the abolition of the military and government branches, Yuan Shikai refused to be appointed as "adviser to the presidential palace" and went to Shanghai with 400000 yuan of Treasury silver to buy villas and live as an apartment.
In July 1913, during the "second revolution", he recruited the old headquarters in Shanghai and served as the commander in chief of the yuan army stationed in Shanghai. After the failure, he was wanted for a reward and died in Japan.
In November 1914, he bribed Duan Qirui's confidants with a large sum of money, and his mother came forward to surrender to the Army Department, so that he would not be wanted. However, Yuan asked him to kill Chiang Kai Shek before he could be absolved completely. After hearing this, Wang angrily returned to Zhejiang.
In May 1915, he went to Hangzhou with Yao Yongchen, a member of the alliance. Under the planning of Zhang Jiemei, he was put under house arrest by Zhu Rui, the governor of Zhejiang Province. He was shot and killed in Hangzhou army prison at 4 p.m. on June 2. After he was killed, the reactionary forces in Zhejiang yelled that he deserved to die, but after hearing the news, Dr. Sun Yat Sen sighed: "heaven and earth are not benevolent, annihilate my good men.".
Wang Jinfa was an outstanding figure during the revolution of 1911. His short life was full of legendary deeds. He is a hero on the battlefield and a hero on the execution ground, which can be called "fair and charming, magnificent and magnificent". Sun Yat Sen praised him as "a hero in Southeast China", while Huang Xing called him "a famous scholar in Southeast China".
Wang Jinfa was nearly a weak man and began to study a little frugally. When he was 20 years old, he got a Jin. In fact, he was forced by his mother's life, and his ambition was not here. At that time, when gengzi's change, all the people with lofty ideals were in awe of the country's death, and the disaster of partition was imminent. The reformers, led by Kang and Liang, advocated the idea of reform, while the revolutionaries, led by sun and Huang, believed that China could not be saved unless the Qing government was overthrown, and that the revolution was against the Qing air and spread to the mountains and seas. Wang Jinfa witnessed the Qing government's cruel suppression at home, humiliating the country and losing power. He talked with his peers about state affairs, clenched his fists, and scolded the Qing government for corruption and incompetence. At that time, the national revolutionary movement in China was already surging, and the mountain hall parties in Zhejiang Province were also in full swing. The patriotic struggle against imperialism and Qing Dynasty was in full swing. In a corner of Shengzhou, the Pingyang (foreign) Party led by Zhu Shaokang is known as ten thousand people; Qiu Wengao and Zhang Yunyue have built a stronghold in shanjiezhai, with more than a thousand people; Wang Jinfa also organized the Wudai Party (all members wear a black belt, so they call it Wudai party), which echoes with Zhu Shaokang and attack Wengao. Many times, he led the peasants to revolt, resist taxes and taxes, kill officials and seize weapons. In the name of defending the local area, he advocated League training as the basis of organizing volunteer teams to unite some local gentry.
In 1904, he founded the college students' association with Zhou Zhiyou, Hu Shijun, Zhao Botang, Zhou xigeng, Yuan Zhiqing, Zhang Tingxuan, Zhang Tingxian, Hu Jingsi, Feng Su, Zhang binfu, Wu zuitang, Tu Shixiao, Zhou Qiyuan, Xie Zhen, Zhang Xinnan, Zhu Shaokang, Tong demiao, Hu Chunlin, etc In order to form a clique, they gathered together a large number of scholars and plotted to do something.
Wang Yuzuo, the 13th ancestor of Wang Jinfa
Wang Yuzuo, the 13th ancestor of Wang Jinfa, is more famous. Wang Yuzuo studied in Lushan when he was young. He devoted himself to the study of practice. In the first year of Tianqi, he led the tribute, selected and won the first prize. He served as the general judge of Baoding and stationed at Juyong Pass. According to the biography of Ming history, in July of 1636, the Qing army entered xifengkou, and Zhaokun urged the people to fight against the enemy. Besieged, Wang Xizhong, the eunuch guarding the mausoleum, Chao pichang, the chief officer of the general army, Wang Yigui and Zhao Yue, the head of the household department, and Wang Yuzuo, the magistrate of Baoding, the magistrate of the prefecture. The city was broken and Zhaokun was killed by four arrows and two blades. Pichang came out and came down. Yi GUI, Yue, Yu Zuo, Xi Zhong, Hu Weizhong, Li Mu Guo Yong, Xue Zheng, Xie huailiang, Chang Shiguang and Xian Zhenji all died. Yu Zuozi also died from his father. "
In 1636, Huang Taiji founded the Qing Dynasty, and ordered a Jige to lead the Qing troops into the fortress and invade the capital. During the anti Qing defense war in Changping, Wang Yuzuo and his son Wang GuoXuan were unyielding and both died. In the Ming Dynasty, the imperial court bestowed the title of "Zhongxiang" to Guanglu temple, and worshiped the ancestral hall of famous officials. In the south of Mount eqiao, Shengzhou, the birthplace of the funeral, the imperial court granted the title of "Jiemin" in the 41st year of Qianlong. Later, the people built a special ancestral hall in maoerling, the county where they were born, to offer sacrifices. Wei dunlian, a native of Shengzhou in the Qing Dynasty, had a record of Wang Jiemin's ancestral hall. It was a principle of the ancients not to be tired of their descendants. Wang Yuzuo also had literary talent and wrote two volumes of the collection of Li Guan. Before he died, he often wrote a couplet to encourage himself: "I am willing to pay your father for the white Festival, and do not tarnish the name of tired descendants.".
Dong Langgang's Wang family
Wang Yuzuo had seven sons. His youngest son, Lizhai, was not clear. He resolutely moved from the city to donglanggang, Shengxi. Wang Lizhai is the ancestor of Wang Jinfa family in donglanggang.
From Wang Lizhai, it is said that a man named Wang Jingfeng is Wang Jinfa's grandfather. At the time of his grandfather's death, Wang Jinfa was 22 years old. He asked him to write an epitaph for his grandfather. He once succinctly introduced that "he is also a man of many kinds." "My grandfather is similar to me in temperament and character," he said Dong Langgang's "Wang's Genealogy" records Wang Jingfeng: "young chivalrous, love to make friends and drink, daily lead to a full house. He is especially fond of learning fighting skills and learning military skills. He has the ambition of reorganizing the army and practicing martial arts, so he is not ready to fight at the right time. At the age of Xinyou, the Taiping Army entered Zhejiang Province. If they wanted to spread their influence, they decided to follow it and lead their troops to Ningbo. But the Taiping army was defeated and the magistrate was not able to help them. They returned to Zhejiang Province and drank freely to end their lives. "
Father Qixiao, young like reading, and skilled attack, shame Qing Dynasty, not into the official career, middle-aged death. Her mother, Xu, is very capable and strict with her blonde hair. She invited a private school teacher to teach her blonde hair at home. But the blonde was stubborn and didn't like reading. Sometimes he was scolded by the teacher and threw the book to the ground. He likes to fight with qun'er. Qun'er is afraid of him and calls him "King Er". Once he got angry and pushed down the walls of the backyard. Wang Mai, a single son of three generations, is also the only adopted son with blonde hair. Although his mother is strict with him, he loves him deeply. His clothes, shoes and socks are often renewed. When he was out fighting with his children, he immediately went back to listen to his mother's instructions, but he was stubborn after repeated admonitions. My mother was illiterate. In order to help the blonde revolution, she specially learned to write the word "flower" for the purpose of selling field paintings. When Jin FA was born, he still had more than 100 mu of land. Later, his family property was spent by Jin FA as a revolutionary, and he also owed more than 1000 yuan, which was not paid off until Jin FA was appointed governor of Shaoxing.
Wang's family has congenital genetic advantages, and acquired extensive reading, hard to learn. Although the imperial examination was disadvantageous and the family became a subordinate, the family's reputation depended on it. Wang Jinfa, like his ancestors, radiated extraordinary light in a specific era.
On June 2, 1915, Wang Jinfa was killed by warlords. The original tomb was on the Bank of Wolong bridge in Hangzhou West Lake, next to Shangxiang ancient road, and later moved to Longjing Village in West Lake. In February 1992, the martyrs returned to their hometown and the cemetery moved back to Shengli
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