Ma Yu (1123-1183) was the second generation leader of Quanzhen Taoism, a branch of Taoism. His original name was Congyi, and his word was Yifu. After entering the Taoism, he changed his name to Yu, and his word was Xuanbao, and his name was danyangzi. He was known as Ma Danyang in the world. Ninghai, Shandong (now Mouping, Shandong) people. Taoist Quanzhen Taoist. Before becoming a monk, Ma Yu and sun Buer were husband and wife. Ma Yu is the first disciple accepted by Wang Chongyang, the founder of Quanzhen Taoism, in Shandong Province. After Wang Chongyang died in 1170, Ma Yu became the second leader of Quanzhen Taoism. In the history and belief of Taoism, he and the other six disciples of Wang Chongyang are called "beiqizhen". He has ten volumes of Dongxuan Jinyu collection.
Life of the characters
Ma Yu, founder of Quanzhen Taoism, was born in Ninghai, Shandong Province. Jiafu, Ma banzhou. He is good at poetry and acupuncture. Ma Danyang was born in 1122, the sixth year of jintianfu. He was smart and upright from a young age. During the reign of jintianhui, he was a Jinshi. He was sent to his own army (the army is administrative, equivalent to the city and county) as an official, in charge of official, household, ceremony, soldier, punishment, work and other work. Later, because he couldn't get used to the atmosphere of intrigue in the officialdom, he abandoned his official position to study Taoism and changed his name to Yu. He called himself Danyang and got the legal name Xuanbao. After the death of Wang Chongyang, the master in Dading period, Ma Danyang kept the tomb for three years and continued to practice in closed doors. Later, Daocheng's way back to the East passed by Zhiyang mountain in Fushan, and Zhiyang cave under a peak in Nanshan was selected. A wall was built around it as a place for practicing Taoism, which was one of the "seven truths in the north". Yuan Shizu to Yuan six years (1269 AD) as "Danyang embrace a Wuwei real person.". It is called "Danyang immortal" in the world. The sect of disciples, which mainly cultivates and inherits his doctrines and thoughts, is called Quanzhen Yuxian sect, or Yuxian sect for short.
Legend and historical facts
When the founder of Chongyang emerged, he told Danyang to stay in the world: "Danyang has gained the Tao, Chang Zhen already knows. I have no worries! Changsheng and Changchun are still not there. When Changchun learns from Danyang, he will be in charge of Changsheng. After the double ninth patriarch eclosion in Yimen, heart mourning for three years, silent sitting ring block Ma Danyang has a great speed in understanding Tao. Panshanlu says: Immortal Danyang has achieved speed in understanding life and death. What's the purpose of this? A: a man of practice should see his body as a prisoner of death, lead him into the market, step by step close to death, take death as a thought, and abandon everything. Although there are sounds, colors, scenes, and all around him, there is nothing to see, nothing to hear, and nothing to read, this body is willing to give up, let alone other things? In order to train the heart, we can see the merit and disease. Qiu Changyan, Ma Danyang, Tan Changzhen, Liu Changsheng, and Qiu himself took three years to testify, five years to tan Changzhen, seven years to Liu Changsheng.
Thoughts and works
Ma Danyang inherits the theory of double cultivation of life and soul in Chongyang. He sets the style of Quanzhen cultivation on the basis of quietness and inaction, releases his life on the basis of heart harmony and spirit, and finally takes quietness and inaction as the principle. Li Shouning is one of the four high roads in the early Yuan Dynasty. His works include Shenguang can and Dongxuan Jinyu collection.
Chang Si Xian tea: Jin Ma Yu's one shot of tea, two flags of tea, Xiu Xian's tact and his family's interest. No sleep is bad. Wuwei tea, natural tea, heaven given rest heart and Taoism, wumiangong Xingjia. Jin Ma Yu in playing with the red sand to send Zhao Ju Shi is pure and clear, clear and clear. It's forever, forever. It's clear, it's clear. Spirit, spirit, spirit.
The course of monasticism
Ma Yu's original name is Congyi, which is derived from Jingzhao Fufeng (now Shaanxi Province). He is the descendant of Fubo General Ma Yuan in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Later, because of the war in the Five Dynasties, his family moved to Ninghai (now Shandong Province). He was born in a rich family and had great talent. When his mother Tang was pregnant, she dreamed that Magu would give him a pill. As a child, he often recites the words of the world, but as an adult, he is better at writing. Kunyu Mountain Taoist Li Wu dreamed of Ma Yu's appearance and praised him as a great immortal with "three mountains on his forehead, hands hanging over his knees". He also praised him in his praise, saying: "he has a good body, round face, long ears, handsome eyebrows, straight mouth, good friends, and divine light at the top." Sun Zhongxian, a famous local family, betrothed his daughter sun Fuchun to Ma Yu because he cherished his talent. The situation of the two is different. Although Wang had great talent and martial arts, his official career was not satisfactory. He only served as a small official post of Shaanxi provincial liquor tax supervisor, so he was depressed and drunk. All day long, he indulges in love and dissipates all his money, which makes his family resent him. All of a sudden, once his heart broke, he met an immortal in Ganhe, so he decided to dethrone his wife Pingzi and become a monk. On the contrary, Ma Yu's family was rich before he became a monk, and he valued justice over money, which won the trust of the villagers. He was an official in Fushan County, Shandong Province. He had six CAOS in chief, and was very proud of his official career. He had a good relationship with his wife. He had three sons, Tingzhen, Tingrui and Tingyu, and lived a happy life. At this time, the only secret worry in his heart was that once he dreamed that two pigs cried for help, but it was too late to save them. The warlock sun Ziyuan divined that his life would not exceed 49 years old. He sighed to himself: "death and life are certainly not human beings, so why not get close to those who have the Tao for the sake of long life?" So he not only established a Taoist temple at the place where the crane flies in the night dream home, and invited Taoist Lu to preside over it, but also often communicated with Taoist personages such as Gao Jucai and master Zhan.
Although Ma Yu had some power before he became a monk, he felt a sense of loneliness under the pretense of worldly sophistication. Time gradually flies, the prime of his life is no longer, began to haozonghaoyin. In the autumn of 1167, when he was drunk with his good friends Gao Jucai and master Zhan, he wrote a poem and said, "it's time to hold yuan and keep one, but now there are no lazy people. All day long, I hold the cup and think freely, but when I'm drunk, I have the man to help me. " After the Zhongyuan Festival, Wang Chongyang came from Zhongnanshan and told him, "not far away, three thousand miles. He came here to help the drunk." after hearing this, he thought to himself and immediately asked Wang for advice: "what's the name of Tao?" Wang replied: "the five elements are not everywhere. When parents are not born." Suddenly, he invited Wang Chongyang to return home and live in the nunnery, which was called Quanzhen. Wang Chongyang, with the mission of Du Hua Qizhen, has come from afar to make Ma Yu, who has both a good career and a good family, into the world. Wang Chongyang Mao tried his best to show his magic power and perform some popular stories to enlighten Ma Yu. In October of 1167, he locked the nunnery for a hundred days and asked Ma Yu to give a meal on the day. At night, he entered Ma Yu's dream, warning of heaven, hell and transmigration. He also gave Ma Yu and sun's pears and chestnuts, suggesting that they should be separated. Ma Yu wrote about his dream in his book the book of gradual realization, Volume I, and said: "the great master of Chongyang has been seduced by all kinds of ways, and Yu will eventually have the love of climbing. All of a sudden, the dream stood in the atrium, sighing: "my life is like a fine porcelain bowl, broken by accident.". Before the end of the speech, I fell from the empty bowl and started to cry. The next day the teacher said: you were frightened last night. Just now I realized. " The same volume of self-consciousness says: "I dream that my wife is called a mother, and when I meet my concubine, I call her a daughter. Because in the previous life, the mind did not understand, the heart did not understand, and changed into a couple. " after the awakening of many dreams, he decided to jump out of the pain of the samsara of life and death, so he gave all his assets to his son Tingzhen and others to cultivate his wife sun. At the same time, he hoped that his granddaughter-in-law, whom he cherished, would cultivate together. He said: "I would like to advise uncle sun to mend the road, and always just sweep his heart. Kill three corpses and six consumptions. There is no trouble. Chang Qing and Chang Jing know the mystery. " In the first month of 1168, when the lock was opened on the 100th day of the Double Ninth Festival, he begged for the name of Tao and the name of FA to become a monk. This year, Ma Yu was 46 years old, not far from the life predicted by the Warlock.
In February 1168, under Wang Chongyang's gate of Quanzhen hall were Ma Yu, Tan chuduan, Qiu Chuji and Wang Chuyi. They followed their ancestors to Yanxia cave in Kunyu Mountain to practice together. At this time, Ma Yu suddenly suffered from headache and was driven down the mountain by his grandmaster. He recorded the actual situation at that time in the second volume of Chongyang Jiaohua collection. Wang Chongyang wrote: "qiedanyang lived in Yanxia cave of Kunyu Mountain. Because his heart was not dead, he felt sick and suffered from migraine. The pain is unbearable, like a cauldron. The more painful it is to be treated at home. Someone went up to the mountain to report that Mr. Ma had died of pain when he came. Hearing this, he clapped and laughed and said, "I've come to become an immortal. I'm willing to teach you.". Because he didn't believe it, he felt the disease. " Wang Chongyang believed that Ma Yu was infected with this disease because he was infatuated with worldly customs and didn't believe in the truth. He blessed the water of Dharma and gave it to Ma Yu. After drinking it, he got rid of his illness. He also sent a message to Ma Yu, saying, "when a mortal enters the Tao, he must abstain from alcohol, lust, wealth and Qi, climb up to love and worry. Besides, there is no good medicine. " But after this, the grandmaster took Ma Yu as a fool and avoided meeting him. In October, after Ma Yu burned the oath, he met again in Wendeng. From 1168 to 1169, Wang Chongyang established the five associations of Qibao, Jinlian, Sanguang, Yuhua and equality in Ninghai, Laizhou and Dengzhou of Shandong Province, while Ma Yu's wife, sun Shi, became a monk in Jinlian hall on May 5, 1169. The founder's name is not two, and his name is quiet and scattered. In October of the same year, Wang Chongyang took four disciples, Ma Yu, Tan chuduan, Liu chuxuan and Qiu Chuji, westward to Bianliang (now Kaifeng), where he lived. In the first month of 1700, Wang Chongyang taught Ma Yu five secret sayings before he ascended to ya, and said, "Danyang has gained the Tao. Chang Zhen already knows that I have no worries." Ma Yu made a vow at the moment and said: "first, I want to print master's Quanzhen collection; second, I want to serve with master for three years; third, I want to persuade my parents to give up the custom and cultivate immortality." These three wishes were later realized in the "ancestral court" of Liu Jiang village. In 1174, Ma Yu and his three friends sat in front of Zhenwu Temple (Shaanxi Province) in Qindu town on a moonlit night, and each spoke of his ambition. Ma Yu said that fighting poverty, Tan chuduan fighting is, Liu chuxuan fighting will, Qiu Chuji fighting leisure, at this time, the four sons seem to have reached an agreement on the development of the sect. The next day, Ma Yu returned to his ancestral court and entered the Yuan Dynasty. It was not until 1178 that he came out of the Yuan Dynasty. Ma Yu lived in Yuandu for the purpose of eliminating extravagance and frugality, washing heart and refining nature. Here, Chen
Chinese PinYin : Ma Yu
Wen he. Wen He
Yu Shu. Yu Shu
Xue Kaiqi. Xue Kai Qi
Zhao Yue. Zhao Yue
Jiang Quansheng. Jiang Quan Sheng
Gao Linsheng. Gao Lin Sheng
Yuan Zongdao. Yuan Zong Dao
Ding Jing. Ding Jing