Li Yong (678-747) was born in Jiangxia, Ezhou, Hubei Province. He was the son of Li Shan, a minister and calligrapher of the Tang Dynasty.
Born in Jiangxia Li family, he is erudite and talented, and became famous as a teenager. He started his own school as a scholar, moved to the left to collect information, transferred to the doctor of the household department, transferred to the palace to serve the censor, moved to the governor of kuozhou, and transferred to the governor of Beihai, which is known as "Li Beihai" and "Li kuozhou". He made friends with Li Shizhi, the prime minister, and made Li Linfu fall for Zhongshu. He died with a stick of injustice at the age of 70. Emperor zongzong ascended the throne in the Tang Dynasty and presented it to the Secretary Supervisor.
As a master of running script inscriptions, Li Zhimin commented that "Li Beihai's Lushan Temple stele is simple and heavy, which undoubtedly comes from Beibei stele". Li Houzhu praised that "Li Yong lost his physique because he was angry with the right general.". "In Xuanhe Shupu," Li Yong is good at calligraphy, and the name of cursive is written by him. When I first learned Wang Youjun's method, I got a wonderful result, but I got rid of the old habits and had a new style of writing. The steles handed down from generation to generation include the stele of Lushan temple and the stele of Li sixun.
Life of the characters
Li Yong, a calligrapher of Tang Dynasty, was born in Jiangdu of Guangling (Jiangdu District of Yangzhou) and Jiangxia (now Wuchang of Hubei).
In 745 A.D., Li Fu and Du Bai, who were famous in the four years of the Tang Dynasty, lived in Jinan. The news of Du Fu's arrival spread quickly to Beihai, now the capital of Shandong Province. At that time, Li Yong, the prefect of Beihai, couldn't sit still and went to Qizhou to meet with Du Fu. It's a great event. At that time, Li Yong was 68 years old, and he was already famous all over the world. Du Fu was a 33 year old young man, and his reputation was far from that of a poet. But Li Yong's wise eye knows the Pearl. He has already foreseen the flame of this new star. Unfortunately, he didn't see it. The banquet of the meeting was arranged on the new Lixia Pavilion. Li Yong, Du Fu, Li Zhifang are here, and there may be many famous people from Qizhou. In particular, Li Bai was also in Qizhou. In the third year of Tianbao, he met Du Fu in Luoyang and traveled eastward together. He believed in Taoism and was being recorded in Ziji palace. I don't know if it was due to the Taoist rules, or he didn't receive the invitation. Maybe there are other reasons. This very good drinker didn't come to drink this cup of wine. Otherwise, Li Bai's poems would be left on Lixia Pavilion. Li Yong had a long talk with Du Fu about wine, poetry and history, and also about Du Fu's grandfather, Du Shenyan, which made Du Fu very grateful. In this banquet, Du Fu left a good sentence: "the pavilion is ancient on the right side of the sea, and there are many celebrities in Jinan.".
Li Yong is famous for his willingness to make friends with famous people. According to the historical records, "Yong Su had a good reputation and was frequently denounced. He was able to cultivate scholars with Yong's ability." Li Yongwen's money can be used to pay for his huge expenses of making friends. However, it's not common for him to make friends. There are always times when he is short of money. At such times, he is suspected of misappropriating public money. When Du Fu and Li Bai met Li Yong in the fourth year of Tianbao, a story of escape from death just happened to him.
In 725 ad, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty returned to Chang'an and drove by bianzhou. Li Yong came to the audience from Chenzhou, and presented several Fu in succession, which was deeply appreciated by Xuanzong. So Li Yong was a little bit of a flutter, boasting that he was "in phase" with his talent. At that time, Li Yong was only the governor of Chenzhou, which was a bit too big. It happened that Zhang Shuo heard this. Soon after Li Yong embezzled public money in Chenzhou, Zhang Shuo took out the old account. Two accounts, one count, go to jail: crime should die. Fortunately, a Xuzhou man named Kong Zhang wrote to Emperor Xuanzong that he wanted to save Li Yong. The memorial was so good that it moved Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty and saved Li Yong from death. He was demoted to Zunhua county magistrate of Qinzhou. And Kong Zhang died in Lingxi (now Guangdong). The two people who intersected by life and death never met. Kong Zhang's memorials basically summarize Li Yong's life, merits and demerits. The true and meaningful words add to the legendary color of Li Yong, especially to the admiration of Li Bai, who was frustrated in his official career and despised the powerful. Li Bai also deeply cherishes the heart of helping others, and has the courage to disperse thousands of gold. When he comes to the state of Qilu, he naturally wants to visit this legendary man. In the fourth year of Tianbao, they met Li Yong in Yidu. Li Bai was 44 years old. In Yidu, Li Bai heard another legendary story about Li Yong who gave up his heart to help him. Here's a woman whose husband was murdered. The woman took revenge with a knife and was jailed for assassinating the real murderer. At this time, Li Yong spared no effort to escape the imperial court and save the woman. Therefore, Li Bai wrote the narrative Yuefu "there are brave women in the East China Sea": "learning the sword is like a meteor. Die to avenge one's husband. The white blade shines on the snow, and the sky feels sincere In spite of the couple's indignation, they are bright and righteous. Li Shijun of Beihai, flying to heaven. The custom of giving up the crime of police is popular in Cangying. The name of the martyr's wife is glorious. "
Two years after seeing Du Fu and Li Bai off, Li Yong was persecuted by Li Linfu. The thing is, arrogant Li Yong did not listen to Kong Zhang's advice of "leading virtue to change his career", and once again extended his hand to the public money, "dirty things happened", but it was not enough to kill him. The real reason is that Cao Liuji, the zuoxiao guard in the capital of Chang'an, was not at peace with his father-in-law Du Youlin. He slandered Du Youlin and falsely claimed that he had the ability to gain experience. He constructed the eastern palace and accused the emperor. This was a free talk without any evidence. However, Li Linfu seized it and ordered a severe trial. He found out that Liu Ji was the culprit, but somehow killed Liu Ji and his father-in-law Du Youlin. During the interrogation, it was found that Li Yong had given Liu Ji a horse, so he was implicated as "a bribe to the prime minister". Because Li Yong had a personal relationship with PEI Dunfu, the prefect of Zichuan, Pei Dunfu recommended Li Yong to Beihai. Pei Dunfu was also implicated. The ruthless Li Linfu immediately ordered his two minions to go to Shandong and "kill Li Yong and Pei Dunfu in the county". Li Yong is 70 years old. It has been six years since Tianbao. At that time, the Tang Dynasty was scared by Li Linfu. Li Yong was not afraid of death and repeatedly admonished him. When Wu Zetian was in the court, he worshipped Zuo and picked up the relics. In front of the emperor Zetian, he dared to criticize Zhang changzong, the confidant of the emperor Zetian, for using his power for personal gain together with song Jing, the censor Zhongcheng. Wu Zetian wanted to get angry, but she didn't get angry. After pondering for a long time, she agreed to the criticism of song Jing and Li Yong. This is what Kong Zhang said: "in the past, when one wants to use the power of Yi, one will be afraid of his mouth, but Yong will break his horn.". It can be seen that Li Linfu was more cruel than Wu Zetian in killing Lai Junchen in order to eliminate dissidents and kill Li Yong and other people of insight. Du Fu was so sad about Li Yong's death that he cried, "the blood of Putuo Qingzhou, the blood of Qiang is not buried in Wenyang.". Li Bai was extremely angry and sighed. He exclaimed: "if you don't see Li Beihai, where is the heroic spirit now? You do not see Pei Shangshu, earth grave three feet Artemisia thorn home. All gone, we tell the story that happened on the land of Qilu 1200 years ago!
He works in literature, especially in steles. After Li Shimin's Jinci inscription, he wrote inscriptions in running script, which made him famous for a time. The style of his calligraphy is bold, dense and vigorous. Handed down works include Duanzhou stone chamber, Lushan Temple stele, fahua Temple stele, Yunhui General Li sixun stele, Yunhui General Li Xiu stele, etc. In shushufu Zhu, Dou Meng of Tang Dynasty said: Shi Yiyun: "on poetry, Wang Wei and Cui Hao are said; on pen, Wang Jin and Li Yong are said; on zuyong and Zhang, it is impossible to predict." Li Yangbing is called the immortal hand in the book. It is a kind of writing, good at stele ode, and mostly self written. Tang people said that Li Yong wrote 800 steles around. Du Fu said in his poem, "Gan Ye is full of his door, and the tablet reflects the four descendants. Fengwu coral hook is woven by unicorn. Purple bay with the sword a few, righteousness take no empty years
Proficient in calligraphy
Li Yong's calligraphy starts from "two Wangs", which can enter inside but surpass outside. Li Houzhu said: "Li Yong got the spirit of the right general and lost his physique." Li Yong is good at learning. "Xuanhe Shupu" says: "Yong is good at calligraphy, and the name of cursive writing lies in his own. When you first learn the right general's method, you will get the best of it, but you will get rid of the old habits and have a new style of writing. " Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, inscriptions and stone inscriptions have been written in official script. After the Tang Dynasty, Li Yong used running script to write inscriptions. The character of calligraphy is very obvious. The style of calligraphy is high on the left and low on the right. The strength of the strokes is strong, which gives people a sense of danger. He advocates innovation, inheriting and carrying forward the ancient calligraphy. Once said: "like me who want to vulgar, learn me who die." Su Dongpo and Mi Yuanzhang all absorbed some of his characteristics, and Zhao Mengfu of Yuan Dynasty also tried his best to pursue his brushwork, and learned the calligraphy realm of "elegant demeanor". He had a great influence on later generations. In July 2008, Zhejiang Provincial Department of education used Li Yong's calligraphy as the compulsory education textbook of Zhejiang Province. I believe that in the near future, Li characters will be as rich and beautiful as Wang characters.
The North Sea is like an elephant
Li Yong is good at poetry and calligraphy, especially in regular script. At that time, many temples in China and Korea used gold, silver, wealth and silk as rewards, and asked him to write articles to write steles. In his life, he wrote 800 articles for others, and got tens of thousands of touch up fees. However, he was very loyal and cherished the talents. He often used these family assets to save the orphans and help others. The inscriptions written by Li Yong are often engraved on Fu Lingzhi, Huang Xianhe and Ji Ji of Yuan province. According to Yang Shen's Dan Qian Lu in Ming Dynasty, these three people may also be Li Yong's pseudonyms. His handed down works include Mr. Ye Youdao's stele, Duanzhou stone chamber, Lushan Temple stele, Donglin Temple stele, fahua Temple stele, Yunhui General Li sixun stele and Yunhui General Li Xiu stele. Yuelu Temple stele and lisxun stele are the most important books handed down from generation to generation.
Li Yong used to be the prefect of Beihai, so he was called "Li Beihai". At that time, Li Yong's calligraphy art gained a high reputation with later generations
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