Gaoyeshan was registered as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 2004, with a history of 1200 years. As a Japanese Buddhist esoteric shinyan sect (also known as dongmi), Takano mountain has become a holy land for studying dongmi Buddhism all over the world. Gaoye mountain is located in the northeast of hegeshan County, belonging to gaoye Dragon God National Park. On the top of the mountain surrounded by peaks is jingangfeng temple, the main temple of Zhenyan Esoteric Buddhism with a history of 1200 years. Centered on jingangfeng temple, there are more than 120 monasteries scattered around. Many monasteries form a big religious city.
）It is the general name of the mountains around 1000 meters in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. In 816, master Konghai practiced here and founded shinyan sect in gaoyeshan, which is also the holy land of Japanese Buddhism. There are about 117 monasteries in the whole mountain. In July, 2004, it was registered as one of the world heritage sites by UNESCO. Gaoye mountain is also the mountain name of the vajraya temple.
Gaoyeshan was founded by Konghai, the great master of Dharma, with the permission of cuo'e emperor in the seventh year of Hongren (816). It became the basic practice place of shinyan Tantrism. It has been a famous mountain in history for nearly 1200 years.
Gaoye mountain refers to the land surrounded by mountains with an elevation of about 1000 meters. It is also the general name of these mountains. It is located in gaoye Town, Yidu County, wakeshan County, because its terrain is the same as that of lotus blossom, and it is also known as "the peak of eight leaves". There are eight peaks in the inner eight leaves, namely, chuanyuanshan, zhimingyuan, zhongmenqianshan, yaoshiyuan, Yushe, shenyingqiu, shiziqiu, shenglianhuayuan, which surround the "fundamental tower"; there are also eight outer peaks, including Jinlai, Baozhu, Bofu, biantianyue, Gushe, zhuanzhoushan, Yangliu and Mani, which surround the outer eight peaks. This kind of terrain is very suitable to be used as a Buddhist holy land. It can be said that it is a religious city on the mountain. But in fact, there is no such mountain name as "gaoye mountain". It is just a place name surrounded by mountains. It is also the mountain name of "jingangjia Temple" in the main mountain of Zhenyan Tantric school.
·The spirit Temple of Anguo temple is dedicated to Tokugawa Jiakang
·Taideyuan temple, offering sacrifices to Tokugawa Xiuzhong
In addition, the lotus garden beside the vajraya temple was the residence of the Tokugawa family at that time. There were also memorial tablets for many people who were related to the Great Olympics.
History and culture
There is a gate more than 25 meters high in the mountain. Since its completion, jingangfeng temple has been used as the main gate. It is now designated as an important cultural relic of the country. There are also temple buildings designated as national treasures and many other buildings such as Jialan on the altar. Gaoyeshan Lingbao Museum has been displaying the huge cultural heritage of gaoyeshan. There are dwellings built for believers in jingangfeng temple, as well as accommodation for ordinary worshippers. In the residence of the temple, you can also taste vegetarian food made of vegetables, grains and seaweed instead of meat, fish, shrimp and shellfish. Among the more than 120 monasteries, some can also experience meditation and other Buddhist practices. In gaoyeshan, the building associated with Toyotomi Hideki is called "vajraya Temple", but it should have been the general name of the whole mountain. Including the gate, each hall and inner courtyard of the temple, the whole gaoye mountain is within the scope of "jingangyi Temple". In 1643, Tokugawa Jiaguang also established the Tokugawa Jialing temple to worship Tokugawa Jiakang and Tokugawa Xiuzhong, collectively known as "Tokugawa Jialing platform", which is an important cultural property designated by Japan.
Master Konghai, the master of Dharma promotion, created gaoyeshan. Konghai was born in dodo Prefecture, Zanqi state, Japan in 774. At the age of 15, he entered Beijing to study Confucianism and later believed in Buddhism. In 804 ad, he sent envoys of Tang Dynasty to China to seek Dharma. Since he came to China, he has visited eminent monks all over the world. Later, he paid homage to monk A'ai Li Huiguo as his teacher in Qinglong Temple of Chang'an. He was passed down by the secret sect and accepted the secret name of "panzhao King Kong", becoming the eighth generation of orthodox secret sect. During this period, he also studied Chinese poetry and painting. Three years later, he returned to China and became the founder of the esoteric sect of shinyan sect in Japan. He wrote a treatise on Wen Jing Mi Fu, and made great achievements in literature, civil engineering, medicine, art and so on. He also has profound calligraphy attainments, and is known as one of the "three strokes" in Japan. In 852 ad, Emperor Minmin conferred the posthumous title of "master Hongfa" on gaoye mountain. Kong Hai sent to Tang Dynasty. After monk Bu Jianzhen went eastward, he brought Chinese culture of prosperous Tang Dynasty and promoted the development of Japanese culture. Therefore, he has a high reputation in Japan. As Master Kong Hai once passed through Hanshan Temple in Suzhou, Hanshan Temple offered a bronze statue of Master Kong Hai as a memorial. This is also the reason why Hanshan Temple sees more Japanese believers.
Chronology of the past dynasties
The following is a chronology of major events since the founding of gaoyeshan.
In 816, Konghai monk (Master of Dharma promotion) asked for the grant of gaoyeshan. On July 8, gaoyeshan was officially authorized to create it. In 818, the monk ascended gaoye mountain for the first time.
In 819, Konghai monk set up Jialan in gaoye mountain and began to build the Ming shrine.
In 919, Guanxian monk became the abbot of Dongsi and jingangyi temple.
In 921, Guanxian monk gave Kong Hai a master of Dharma promotion.
In 1132, the Da Chuan court was completed.
In 1149, the tower was struck by lightning, and all but the imperial movie hall was lost.
Jintang was completed in 1150.
In 1156, Ping Qingsheng devoted himself to the reconstruction of the pagoda.
In 1223, Masako kitajo, the wife of Yuanlai Dynasty, established the Vajra samadhi Academy (now the national treasure of Japan) for the sake of his deceased husband.
From 1265 to 1285, machishi was established from the base of the mountain to the top of the mountain.
In 1521, the galleries of Kalan burned down.
In 1581, Nobuta Zhitian attacked Takano.
In 1590, FengChen Xiuji established Xingshan temple.
Qingyan temple was established in 1593.
In 1630, the galleries of Jialan burned down again. The existing gate was completed in 1705.
In 1843, Jialan was destroyed by lightning!
In 1869, youngyan temple and Xingshan temple were merged and changed into jingangyi temple.
In 1871, gaoyeshan Temple led the rebellion back to the country.
In 1872, the ban on women in gaoyeshan was lifted.
In 1926, Jintang was on fire.
The cable car opened in 1930.
In 1932, Jintang was rebuilt and completed.
In 1946, gaoyeshan zhenyanzong was established, with jingangjia temple as its main base.
Introduction to scenic spots
There are three places worth seeing in gaoye mountain: "Jialan on the altar", "aozhiyuan" and "jingangfeng Temple". In the high mountain of Lingchang, the "tanshang" and "aozhiyuan" with big pagodas are believed to be particularly sacred places. Needless to say, the origin of aozhiyuan is that it is the imperial temple (the "Tomb") of the great master of Buddhism.
More than 200000 tombstones, prayer tablets and soothing tablets are scattered on the 2-kilometer pilgrimage road from the bridge to the aozhiyuan. There are also fir trees over 1000 years old standing on both sides. The Japanese believe that rivers are the boundary between the present and the future, while gaoyeshan forms a triple structure. At the beginning, yizhi bridge was erected on the Dianshe River, officially known as the bridge. The next one is Zhongzhi bridge erected on Gugu qiaochuan, and the last one is Yumiao bridge located on the innermost Yumiao river. When you enter the spiritual realm of the master temple through the royal temple bridge, you should pay special attention to the matters needing attention, especially remind the visitors to correct their clothes and enter with pure heart. The magnificent Buddhist hall on the front is the lantern hall. The hall is full of more than 10000 lanterns, which dazzles the visitors. It floats with mysterious and solemn beauty. It's just a place of light belief. There's no other place in Japan that gathers light like this! Around the lantern hall, behind is the imperial temple of master Hongfa. People still believe that the air sea still lives on the high mountains of the Holy Land and continues to save the public. In the rising thread incense smoke, the candle lights are tottering, and the clear mountain air-conditioning will wash away the evil.
Jialan on the altar
When master Hongfa first started here, he built Jialan on the altar, which was the basic Taoist field of the true word Tantric school. The basic pagoda, Jintang, West pagoda and East pagoda painted in bright red are widely located in the territory. First of all, the lecture hall (Golden Hall) was built, and then there was the tower and other lecture halls. The construction of the tower was the great cause of the master and his disciples. The immovable hall is the oldest building in the mountain.
Jingangfeng temple, which is located in the center of gaoyeshan, is the main mountain of zhenyanzong in gaoyeshan. It was built by Hideki Toyotomi to mourn his mother's Bodhi. It is the largest temple in gaoye mountain. In the hall of the main hall, there are fan paintings of hunting wild and exploring. There is also the largest stone court in Japan, which shows a pair of male and female dragons guarding the inner hall in the sea of clouds. 140 granite represents the dragon, and Baisha represents the sea of clouds.
Tokugawa home Lingtai
That is, the joint Tomb of Tokugawa Jiakang and his son Tokugawa Xiuzhong. It is one of the few scenic spots in gaoyeshan that need to buy tickets alone. This joint tomb is located alone at the intersection of gaoye mountain and the only way to the mountain. It is not located beside the aozhiyuan like most tombs. In terms of the exquisite architecture and good preservation, the home platform of Tokugawa is the most famous tomb on gaoye mountain.
Gaoyeshan is also a treasure house of esoteric art. mountain
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