Li Hanxiang (April 18, 1926 - December 17, 1996), nicknamed "Li Hei", is an actor, director, screenwriter and producer in Hong Kong, China.
In 1948, he worked as an advertising draftsman and set designer in film companies such as greater China, great wall and grand view. In 1949, he joined the actor training class of Yonghua film company and became an actor later. Director since 1954, independent director of the film "red in the snow" in 1955. "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" directed in 1963 won the best feature film award and the best director award of the 2nd Taiwan Film Golden Horse Award. In 1966, Xi Shi, director of the film, won the best feature film award and the best director award of the 4th Golden Horse Award of Taiwan film. "Tiying", directed in 1971, won the best feature film award and the best screenwriter award of the 9th Golden Horse Award. In 1977, Qianlong's film Jiangnan won the 14th Taiwan Golden Horse Award for feature film. In 1979, the film Qianlong under Yangzhou won the best adapted screenplay award of the 16th Golden Horse Award. In 1983, his films "burning Yuanmingyuan" and "listening to politics behind the curtain" won the special award of excellent film award of the Ministry of culture of China.
On December 17, 1996, Li Hanxiang died of heart disease recurrence. He was 70 years old. In 1997, he won the lifetime achievement Memorial Award of the 34th Taiwan Film Golden Horse Award. In 2006, he won the outstanding contribution award of the sixth Chinese Film Media Award.
Life of the characters
Young Han Xiang
On April 18, 1926, Li Hanxiang was born in xiaosujiatun, Jinxi County, Fengtian province (Liaoning), China, with the nickname Xiangzi.
In 1930, his father moved to Chengde and became a public official.
In June 1932, when the Japanese attacked Rehe, Li Hanxiang moved to Peiping with his parents and sister.
In 1946, he returned to Beiping and was admitted to the national Beiping art college. He majored in Western painting and served as the representative of northeast students and the head of the variety troupe of the art college.
In 1948, Ma Yanxiang, a dramatist, was expelled from the school for his active participation in various student movements on the ground of holding a forged high school diploma to apply for the arts college. In July of the same year, Ma Yanxiang, a dramatist, was appointed by Xiong Foxi, the president of Shanghai Municipal drama school, to recruit new students in Beiping. Li once played the roles of the adulterous Prime Minister Xia Lei and the blind old man in the flower of Tangdi, which impressed Ma deeply and was recommended for admission At the end of September, he went to Shanghai and met director Shen Fu; in November, he decided to drop out of school and go to Hong Kong with Shen Fu's letter of introduction, and met Jiang Nan through the introduction of movie star Wang Hao; in December, he took part in the film "storm in the city" directed by Wen Yimin and co starred by Xie Jiahua and Li Lan.
In 1949, Li Hanxiang was introduced into the Great Wall company, drawing billboards, responsible for setting art, and continued as a special actor.
In 1950, the Great Wall filmed the movie "Flower Street", in which Yan Jun played a patriotic artist who performed several treasures. He was written by Li Hanxiang, who also played the radio and performed by Yan bizui. Later, he joined the dubbing class and was in charge of the Mandarin section with Jiang Nan and others. His first film was "the magic of yanqu yingmo" starring Li Xianglan and Chi buliang. Li Hanxiang helped to compile the lines, translated them on the spot and studied the shooting techniques of Japanese films in the same period.
In January 1952, Li Hanxiang was employed as a set designer for Zhao Shushen's Cantonese film Diao Chan, and later as a field record and art designer for Li Ying's film fog Hong Kong. Introduced by producer Er Guang, he returned to Yonghua as a special actor and worked behind the scenes. Yan Jun directed and performed his later masterpiece "Cuicui"; Yan Jun specially promoted Li Hanxiang to adapt the script, served as deputy director and participated in post production work, learning editing from Chen Yiqing and Wang Chaoxi.
In 1953, he was the deputy director of the ancient costume song Chang'e directed by Dan Du Yu, and also played the role of the old man under the moon. In 1955, Yonghua was reorganized, and Li Hanxiang shot his first solo directed maiden work "xuelihong" for Yadong film company.
Shao's person in charge, Shao Cun, was very satisfied with Li's performance. With the help of Er Guang, Li joined Shao's company. In 1956, his first work Narcissus (also known as boundless sea) was shot on Changzhou Island.
In 1957, inspired by the mainland Huangmei Opera film "Tian Xian Pei", Shao was persuaded to invest in the production of the ancient costume color Huangmei tune record "Diao Chan", starring Lin Dai, Zhao Lei and Luo Wei. With this film, Shao won the best director award of the Fifth Asian Film Festival.
In 1958, he directed the detective suspense movie "love letter of murder" (also known as "Carlton love murder").
In 1959, the Gongwei film "Jiangshan beauty" broke the highest box office record in Hong Kong, won the annual box office champion in Taiwan, and won the golden gong Award for best film at the 6th Asian Film Festival. Li Hanxiang's only chivalrous work, starring Lotty and Wang Zhibo, has made the film heroes of children.
In 1960, he directed the film "the ghost of a beautiful woman", starring Letty and Zhao Lei, and was shortlisted in the 13th Cannes Film Festival Competition. The black-and-white literary sketch "the back door", starring Wang Yin and Hu Die, won the best picture award and the Japanese Minister of Education Award at the 7th Asian Film Festival in Tokyo.
From 1960 to 1961, a series of works of "Qing Guo Qing Cheng" was planned, with Lin Dai, Li Lihua, you min and leti as the classical beauties Wang Zhaojun, Yang Guifei, Xi Shi and Bao Si. Later, due to the budget overrun of some of Yang Guifei's costumes and scenery, it was decided to divide them into local independent works, and the original crew of "Yang" made "Wu Zetian" to digest the costumes and scenery《 Baosi and Xishi were shelved for some reason, while Wang Zhaojun was delayed for several years and released in 1964.
In 1963, "Yang Guifei" was released in Taiwan as the 1963 box office champion, and won many awards of the first Golden Horse Award. Due to the popularity of Huangmei films, Shao's company instructed Li Hanxiang to act as its chief planner and led four new directors, Hu Jinquan, Gao Li, Wang Yueting and Li's colleague he Menghua, to make four color wide screen Huangmei films. Li supervised the script, costumes, scenery and props. Li Ren, the chief director, together with Zhu Mu, Tian Feng, Hu Jinquan, Lewis, song cunshou and others, scrambled to make "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" in groups. After the release of the film, the annual box office revenue was more than NT $8 million. On October 31, the second golden horse award was held in Taipei. Wu Zetian was awarded first-class film. Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai was awarded six awards, including best feature film and best director.
In early winter, Li Hanxiang, supported by Cathay Pacific and the federal company, set up the League of nations film company. Li rented space in Taiwan film studio and built another bamboo shed to shoot the League of nations pioneering work "seven fairies", which was released on December 19. He set up the League of Nations actor training class and issued an open letter to all the students.
In 1964, Xi Shi overcame all difficulties and finally opened on July 22. In 1965, Li Hanxiang was selected as the third top ten outstanding youth and received the golden hand award. "Xi Shi" is nearly four hours long. It is divided into the first episode of "Wu Yue Chun Qiu" and the second episode of "Gou Jian Fu Guo". It was released at the end of October. The first round of revenue is more than NT $5 million, ranking the first in Taiwan at that time.
In 1966, the League of nations produced new films, such as Xin Shiniang, several sunset days, and the proud woman of heaven. In order to realize the ideal of managing the Chinese dream of film, Li searched everywhere for funds to build a film studio, and built a film factory in Si biantou, Banqiao. The first phase of the project covers an area of about 4000 square meters, including an ancient street in the Central Plains, pavilions and waterside pavilions, and two large film studios. The first film is "Fengyang flower drum" directed by Zhu Mu. On October 30, at the fourth Golden Horse Awards, "Xi Shi" won five awards, including best film and best director.
In 1967, the League of nations fell into financial crisis.
In 1968, Breaking Dawn, completed two years ago, was released in February.
In 1969, the League of nations company died in name; the League of nations launched Roland's original work, warm winter, directed by li himself. Li's spy film "the wind and cloud of the Yangtze River" was produced by the Chinese film studio of the Ministry of national defense. He was the best seller in Taiwan at that time and won the Golden Horse Award for best actor and supporting actor.
In 1970, Taiwan's film industry launched voluntary filming to relieve Li's plight, producing a four stage film "joys, sorrows and sorrows". Four directors, Bai Jingrui, Hu Jinquan, Li Xing and Li Hanxiang, showed their skills and mobilized elite actors from Hong Kong and Taiwan, such as Zhen Zhen, Yueyang and Liu Ming, to perform voluntarily. The political and financial disputes have become more and more serious, and Li, who has always been free to enter and leave the customs, has repeatedly encountered difficulties in leaving the country. If he wants to go to Japan to match music for the Chinese made film tiying, he still needs the guarantee of the factory director Mei Changling.
Transfer to Hong Kong
In 1971, after finishing the post production work of tiying, he moved to Hong Kong and did not return to Taiwan for 23 years. Continue filming in the name of the new League of nations, and organize the unfinished fragments in Taiwan into a "deception" themed documentary "deception fantasy".
In 1972, Zhao Lei, Zhen Zhen and Sun Yue co starred in the film deception. Continue to make efforts to launch "deception in strange", is also a collection of films. After a nine-year absence, Li and run run run reached a tacit agreement and returned to the Shaw film studio to shoot "the great warlord", warm up his work "the legend of the wind and the moon", and continue to shoot the big pattern "Beidi Rouge".
Adaptation of masterpieces
In 1973-74, he released the film "double beauties in the Golden Vase" adapted from the classic "the words of plum in the Golden Vase".
In 1975, she planned the West empress dowager's film collection "Qing Guo Qing Cheng", "Ying Tai weeping for blood" and her masterpiece "Nan Chao Jin Fen", which describes the sad songs of commercial women on the banks of Qinhuai River and Yanyu river. Heart attack, based on health factors, cancel the "Southern Dynasty gold powder" plan.
In 1976, he finished "Ying Tai weeping blood".
In 1977, he edited and directed Qianlong's journey to Jiangnan
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