Ma Teng (?)? - 212), the word Shoucheng. Fufeng Maoling (now Xingping City, Shaanxi Province) was a warlord in Liangzhou in the late Eastern Han Dynasty, and a descendant of Fubo General Ma Yuan.
Ma Teng is more than eight feet long, with a big body and a strong face and nose. He is a virtuous, honest and respected man. At the end of the reign of Emperor Ling of the Han Dynasty, he was engaged in military affairs by the prefectures and prefectures, and led the army. Tired moved to partial general. After Geng Bi, Liangzhou's assassin, was killed by his subordinates, Ma Teng, the Kingdom and Han Sui fought against Han together in Liangzhou. In 191, he accepted Dong Zhuo's recruitment.
In the first year of Xingping (194), he tried to connect the court officials to kill the powerful officials Li Xi and Guo Si, but he was defeated and had to return to Liangzhou. Soon pardoned, general baiandi. Later, he and Han Sui became brothers of different surnames. In the 10th year of Jian'an (205), he helped the Prime Minister Cao Cao to destroy Zhang Sheng and kill Zhang Yan, Wei Gu and others. After that, they did not get along with Han Sui and attacked each other until they reconciled in the 13th year of Jian'an (208), and were granted the title of Huaili marquis by the Han Dynasty. Immediately into the court as a guard.
In the 16th year of Jian'an (211), Ma Chao, the son of Ma Teng, fought against Cao Cao. In May of the next year, Ma Teng and his two sons were killed by Cao Cao, and they were annihilated.
(overview photo source: ye Xiong's biography of characters in the romance of the Three Kingdoms)
Life of the characters
Ma Teng is said to be the descendant of General Ma Yuan of hanfubo. His father once served as Tianshui LAN Gan Wei. Later he lost his official post and stayed in Longxi. He married a Qiang daughter and gave birth to Ma Teng. When Ma Teng was young, he was poor and had no property. He often cut wood from Zhangshan and sold it in the city to support himself. Ma Teng is more than eight feet long (about 1.85 meters today). He has a big body, a different face and nose, and a virtuous personality. People admire him very much.
In April 187, Geng Bi, the governor of Liangzhou, was appointed as a traitor, which led to the rebellion of Hanyang Kingdom, Di, Qiang and other nationalities. The state and county gathered warriors to fight against the rebellion. Ma Teng was highly valued by state and county officials. He was appointed to be engaged in the army and led the army. Later, he made meritorious contributions to the army and was promoted to the rank of army Sima and General Qian pian.
Join the rebels
Soon after, Geng bi was killed by his subordinate Li Xiangru. Ma tengze joined forces with Han Sui and others to join forces with the kingdom of Hanyang. He called himself "General of all", and jointly recommended the kingdom as the commander-in-chief. He led his troops and plundered Sanfu. In the Han Dynasty, it was called "three auxiliary troublemakers".
In 189, the kingdom was defeated by the army sent by the imperial court. Ma Teng, Han Sui and others abandoned the Kingdom and took Yan Zhong as commander in chief. Soon after Yan Zhong died, Ma Teng, Han Sui and others fought for power, and their power weakened.
In 191, Dong Zhuo joined Chang'an and invited Han Sui and Ma Teng to jointly plan an attack on Shandong generals. Two people see the world chaos, also want to rely on Dong Zhuo.
In the third year of Chuping (192), Ma Teng and Han Sui arrived in Chang'an. Dong Zhuo was dead, and Li Yu and others had exclusive power, so they worshipped Han Sui as the general of Zhenxi and sent him back to Jincheng. Ma Teng was the general of Zhengxi and settled in Wei.
Cold after defeat
In the first year of Xingping (194), Ma Teng asked Li He for private affairs, but he didn't get permission, so he led his troops to attack each other. Han Xiandi sent envoys to persuade him, but they failed. Then Han Sui, who was stationed in Jincheng, led his troops to persuade him, and joined forces with Ma Teng to attack Li He. The courtiers Zhong Shao, Ma Yu and Liu Fan wanted to kill Li Yu and others, so they secretly contacted Ma Teng and wanted to be an insider. However, because of the disclosure of the incident, they had to flee to Huaili. Li's envoys fan Hou, Guo Si and his nephew Li Li attacked. Ma Teng and Han were defeated and returned to Liangzhou. Li's troops attacked Huaili again, and Zhongshao and others were killed.
Soon after, Li Yu and others made peace with Ma Teng and Han Sui, and changed Ma Teng to general andI and Han Sui to general Anjiang.
In the second year of Xingping (195), Ma Teng declared that the army's supplies were insufficient, so he asked to go to Chiyang, where he led the army to reform and settle in Changping antou. General Wang Cheng is afraid of Ma Teng's plot, so he leads his troops to attack. Ma Teng is unprepared and loses to the West. Soon after, Li Xi and Guo Si attacked each other, causing unrest in Sanfu. Ma Teng then gave up his plan to travel eastward and united with Han Sui to become brothers of different surnames.
At that time, Guanzhong was still under the separatist regime of a dozen warlords, among which Ma Teng and Han Sui were the most powerful. In the fourth year of Jian'an (199), Cao Cao adopted Xun Yu's suggestion and sent Zhong Yao to act as a servant to supervise the army in Guanzhong. When Zhong Yao arrived in Chang'an, he wrote to Ma Teng and Han Sui, stating their interests. So Ma Teng and Han Sui were willing to submit and sent their sons as hostages.
Help Cao break yuan
In the seventh year of Jian'an (202), Yuan Shao died of illness. His son yuan Shangyu united with Ma Teng and Han Sui, and Ma Teng pretended to agree to him. Later, Cao Cao sent Zhong Yao to fight Guo Yuan, the governor of Hedong, and Nan Danyu, the Hun, in Pingyang. Under the persuasion of Cao Cao's envoys, such as Zhang Ji and Fu Gan, Ma Teng decided to help Cao Jun, and sent his son Ma Chao to lead more than ten thousand people to help Zhong you, defeating Guo Yuanjun. Pang De, Ma Chao's subordinate, personally killed Guo Yuan in the battlefield. Cao Cao worshipped Ma Teng as a general in the South and Han Sui as a general in the West.
When Ma Teng was in Sanfu, he defended Hukou in the north and Baiqi in the East. He gave preferential treatment to scholars, recommended talents, and showed compassion for the people. He was loved by Sanfu people.
In the 10th year of Jian'an (205), Cao Cao sent Zhang Ji to recruit Ma Teng and others, defeated Gao Gan and Zhang Shengjun, and killed the rebellious Zhang Yan and Wei Gu.
He was killed in Korea
Before that, Ma Teng and Han Sui became enemies because of the conflict between the trilogy. Han Sui killed Ma Teng's wife, and they fought for years.
In 208, Cao Cao sent Zhong Yao and Wei Duan to persuade him to make peace. He took Ma Teng as the former general and settled in Huaili instead. During the holiday, he was granted the Marquis of Huaili. In the same year, Zhang Ji persuaded Ma Teng to give up his troops and become an official in the DPRK. Ma Teng hesitated for a time, but under pressure, he finally agreed to come to Yecheng. Cao Cao appointed Ma Teng as Wei Wei and his son Ma Chao as Pian general. He took the place of Ma Teng to lead the army and stationed in the same place. He also appointed his son Ma Xiu as Feng Che Du Wei and Ma tie as Qi Du Wei. He moved to Yecheng with the rest of his family members.
In March of the 16th year of Jian'an (211), Ma Chao, Han Sui and other ten troops, known as 100000, stationed in Tongguan to resist Cao Cao who wanted to attack Hanzhong. In September of the same year, they were defeated by Cao Cao.
In the first month of the 17th year of Jian'an (212), Ma Chao attacked Longshang and besieged Liangzhou governor Weikang. In May of the same year, Ma Teng was killed and destroyed.
Yuhuan: Teng is eight feet long. He has a big body, a different face and nose, and a virtuous nature. ② Hu Kou in the north and Bai Qi in the East are prepared. They wait for scholars to become virtuous and save people's lives. They love each other very much.
Hao Jing: Ma Chao and his son Yongguan Xizhou, together with Han Sui Jiezhu, defeated Sanfu and injured the Han family.
Luo Guanzhong: 1. Father and son Qi fanglie, devoted to the cause of national calamity, vowed to answer the favor of the emperor. The words of the blood chewing alliance are there, and the words of the traitors are there. Xiliang tuishizhou, worthy of fubosun! ② Zhang Yan and Zhang Lu dominated Nanzheng, and Ma Teng and Han defended Xiliang.
Father: Ma Ping (MA Su in the romance of the Three Kingdoms), Zi Shuo, once served as LAN Gan Wei.
Mother: Qiang girl.
Han Sui was a warlord in the late Han Dynasty.
The eldest son: Ma Chao, whose name is Meng Qi, was a famous general of the Three Kingdoms at the end of the Han Dynasty. He was an official of the Shu Han Dynasty and a general of Hushi. He led the herdsmen of Liangzhou and was granted the title of Marquis of Qixiang.
Second son: Ma Xiu, who came to Beijing with Ma Teng, was killed together with Ma Teng as the commander of Fengche.
Third son: Ma tie, who came to Beijing with Ma Teng, was killed with Ma Teng as a riding captain.
Nephew: Ma Dai, a general of the Shu Han Dynasty, an official to the Pingbei general and a Marquis of Chen Cang.
Shu Sun: Ma Qiu, when Ma Chao threw at Liu Bei, he stayed in Hanzhong. After Cao Cao defeated Zhang Lu, he handed him over to Zhang Lu, who killed him himself.
Grandson: Ma Cheng, Marquis of xijue village.
Granddaughter: Ma Shi, married to Liu Li, the son of Liu Bei.
Commemoration of later generations
Ma Teng's tomb is located in Zhongxu village, Suqiao Township, 10 kilometers north of Xuchang City, Henan Province. Covering an area of half an mu, the tomb is more than two Zhang high, and several emerald trees surround it.
In the novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Ma Teng is written as a loyal minister to the Han Dynasty. When Dong Zhuo was in disorder, Ma Teng was the prefect of Xiliang, and he was one of the 18 princes. After the defeat of Dong Zhuo, the rest of the political parties Li Yi and Guo Si were in power. Ma Teng was granted the imperial edict and was appointed the general of the expedition to the West. He and Han then attacked Li Yi and Guo Si. Because of the lack of food, they were defeated and returned to Xiliang. After Cao Cao moved Emperor Xian of Han Dynasty to Xudu, Ma Teng entered the court and took part in Liu Bei's and Dong Cheng's plan to assassinate Cao Cao, who was in power, and fled back to Liangzhou. Later, Cao Cao used Xunyou's plan to summon Ma Teng to Beijing. In order to fulfill his wish for many years, he and Huang Kui wanted to attack Cao Cao. However, it was revealed that Ma Teng, his sons Ma Xiu and Ma tie were all killed. After the news of Ma Teng's death came out, Ma Chao and Han Sui began to rebel in Xiliang in order to avenge him.
In the romance of the Three Kingdoms, there is a fictional saying that his daughter is a fictional one.
Film and television image
1994 TV series romance of the Three Kingdoms: Huang Wenjun as Ma Teng;
2010 TV series "Three Kingdoms": Li Daguang plays Ma Teng.
Chinese PinYin : Ma Teng
Release Time:2022-01-26 22:26:39
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Mahan. Ma Han
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