Li Jing (916-961, September 12), originally named Xu Jingtong and Xu Yao, was born in Pengcheng County, Xuzhou (now Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province). He was born in Shengzhou (now Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province). Li Min, the eldest son of Tang liezu, was the second emperor of the Southern Tang Dynasty. He succeeded in 943. Later, because of the threat of the Later Zhou Dynasty, he cut off the title of emperor and changed his name to the Lord of the state.
After Li Jing ascended the throne, he began to use large-scale foreign forces to destroy Chu and min. During his reign, the territory of the Southern Tang Dynasty was the largest. However, Li Jing's extravagance led to political corruption and the decline of national strength. He was captured by the Later Zhou Dynasty and moved his capital from Jinling to Hongzhou, known as Nanchang Prefecture. He died in Nanchang in 961 at the age of 46 and was buried in Shunling. After his death, he was granted a special permission by the Song Dynasty and was overtaken by the temple name Yuanzong. He was posthumously named emperor Mingdao Chongde wenxuanxiao. His poems are included in two main words of the Southern Tang Dynasty.
Li Jing is good at reading and versatile. He often wrote poems with favorite officials such as Han Xizai and Feng Yansi. His words are sincere in emotion, fresh in style and easy in language. "The little building blows through the cold of the jade Sheng" is a famous sentence that will last forever.
Life of the characters
Ascend to the throne as Emperor
Li Jing, whose name is Boyu, was originally named Li Jingtong. He was born in Xuzhou (today's Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province). He was the eldest son of Li Min, the liezu of the Southern Tang Dynasty, and his mother was empress song of Yuan Dynasty. Li Min, Li Jing's father, was the adopted son of Xu Wen, a powerful minister of Southern Wu. Li Jing was a doctor in the driving department at the beginning, and then he was promoted to the general of Zhuwei. After Xu Wen's death, Li Min was in dictatorship, taking Li Jing as the Minister of the Ministry of war and an official. In the first year of Tianzuo (935), Li Min was granted the title of king of Qi, and Li Jing was made the crown prince. In the second year of Tianzuo (936), Li Min was in charge of Jinling (today's Nanjing), leaving Li Jing as situ and Zhangshi of Tongping. He was in Guangling with song Qiqiu and Wang Lingmou to assist Yang Pu, the Rui emperor of Southern Wu. When Li Min wanted to usurp the throne, he called Li Jing back to Jinling as the vice governor. In the first year of Shengyuan (937), Li Min deposed Yang Pu and established the Southern Tang Dynasty as emperor. Li Jing was granted the title of king of Wu and later the title of king of Qi. In August of the fourth year of Shengyuan (940), he was made the crown prince.
In 943, Li Min passed away, and Li Jing succeeded to the throne and changed his name to Baoda. His mother song was honored as empress dowager, and his concubine Zhong as Queen. Li jingsui, the king of longevity, was the king of Yan, and Li Jingda, the king of Xuancheng, was the king of E. Li Jingfu was not the king before, but the king of Baoning at this time. In the autumn of the same year, Li jingsui was renamed king of Qi, marshal of Zhudao army, Taiwei and zhongshuling. Li Jingda was the king of Yan and deputy marshal. He made an alliance in front of Li Min's coffin and made an appointment with his brothers. Li Hongji was granted the title of Nanchang king and Jiangdu Yin.
Surrender the thief
In October of the first year of Baoda (943), Zhang Yuxian, a demon thief in Qianzhou, was defeated. Zhang Yuxian is a petty official in Boluo county. According to the new history of the Five Dynasties, at the beginning, some immortals came to the 100 surnamed families in Boluo county to prophesy the misfortunes and blessings for others. Everything was right. Zhang Yuxian prayed to God, God said: "Zhang Yuxian is a arhat, can stay to serve me." At this time, the Southern Han Emperor Liu Yu died, and his son Liu Fen Gang succeeded to the throne. There were more than a thousand people who had no commander in chief. They asked God who should be the main one. God said that Zhang Yuxian could, so they jointly promoted Zhang Yuxian as commander in chief. Zhang Yuxian called himself the eighth king of Zhongtian, changed his name to Yongle, and set up an official department. All the members of his department wore red clothes and attacked outside the mountain. He asked God where he should go. God said, "we should cross the mountain to capture Qianzhou." So he attacked Nankang, but Jia Hao could not resist. Zhang Yuxian occupied Baiyun cave and built a palace. There were more than 100000 people, and successively conquered various counties. Li Jing sent Yu Hou Yan Si and Tong Shi Sheren to attack. Zhang Yuxian asked God, God no longer speak, the Ministry were very afraid, so Zhang Yuxian was captured and surrendered.
Li Jing took Feng Yansi and Chang Mengxi as Hanlin scholars, Feng Yanlu as Zhongshu Sheren, Chen Jue as privy envoys, Wei Cen and Zha Wenhui as deputy envoys. Chang Mengxi was on duty in xuanzheng hall and was in charge of secret orders, while Feng Yansi and others had the power of treachery and sycophant, which was called "Five ghosts" in the Southern Tang Dynasty. Chang Mengxi repeatedly said that these five people could not be used, and Li Jing did not adopt them. In December, Li Jing ordered Li jingsui, the king of Qi, to take part in the decision. Only Chen Jue and Zha Wenhui were able to play the role. Those officials who were not summoned were not allowed to enter. In this case, Xiao Yanshang was not reported. Jia Chong, the commander of the bodyguard army, went to the inner room to see Li Jing and said, "I have served the emperor for 30 years. I know that the reason why the emperor made great achievements is that they all used the advice of the sages, so they are connected and alienated, but there are still some things that can't be achieved. Now that your majesty has just ascended the throne, who do you trust? Why cut off immediately? I'm afraid I can't see you again. " Li Jing was moved by his tears and led him to sit with him. He gave him comfort and stopped the order.
In February of the second year of Baoda (944), Lian Chongyu and Zhu Wenjin killed his king Yanxi, and Zhu Wenjin became king. At this time, Wang Yanzheng, Wang Yanxi's younger brother, was also building his own state, which was named Yin. Wang brothers fought against each other for years, which led to the chaos of the state of Fujian. Li Jing sent Cha Wenhui and Dai Zhao Zang Xun to attack Jianzhou. When Wang Yanzheng heard that the Southern Tang Dynasty was going to attack, he sent someone to deceive the general of Fuzhou and said, "the Southern Tang army helped me to punish the rebels." In 945, people in Fuzhou killed Zhu Wenjin and others and surrendered to Wang Yanzheng. Wang Yanzheng restored his name as "Damin" and sent his nephew Wang Jichang to guard Fuzhou. Zha Wenhui stationed troops in Jianyang, Fuzhou garrison general Li Renda killed Wang Jichang, claiming to stay, Quanzhou garrison general Liu Congxiao also killed Huang shaopo, the assassin, and sent money and goods to Zha Wenhui.
In August of the fourth year of Baoda (946), Zha Wenhui conquered Jianzhou, Tingzhou, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou. Wang Yanzheng was defeated and the state of Fujian was destroyed. Li Jing divided Yanping, Jianpu and Fusha into three counties, set up Jianzhou, and moved Wang Yanzheng's family to Jinling. Wang Yanzheng was the governor of Raozhou, Li Renda was the governor of Fuzhou, and Liu Congxiao was the governor of Qingyuan army.
Remove the residue
Although the Southern Tang Dynasty destroyed Fujian, it did not completely rule Fujian, and the residual forces were still in existence. Li Jing wanted to withdraw his troops after he destroyed the state of Fujian, but Zha Wenhui and Chen Jue all said, "the remaining evils of Li Renda and others are still there. It's better to take advantage of the victory and take them all." Chen Jue said that he could recruit Li Renda and others without a single soldier. Li Jing took Chen Jue as his official envoy and called Li Renda to Jinling court, but Li Renda refused. Ashamed, Chen Jue returned to Jianzhou and, under the command of Li Jing, sent troops from Ting, Jian, Xin and Fuzhou to attack Li Renda. At that time, Wei Cen appeased Zhangzhou and Quanzhou. He heard that Chen Jue had set up troops and sent troops to join Chen Jue without authorization. Li Jing was furious, Feng Yansi and others said: "the army has moved and can't stop it." So Wang Chongwen and Wang Jianfeng were appointed as the recruiting envoys and vice envoys respectively. The troops were increased to join Chen Jue and Wei Cen, and Feng Yanlu, Wei Cen and Chen Jue were appointed as the supervising envoys.
Li Renda sent money and goods to Wu Yue. Wu Yue responded to Li Renda with 30000 soldiers. Chen Jue and others fought for meritorious service, but the advance and retreat didn't match each other. Feng Yanlu fought with the Wu Yue army first, and fled after a great defeat. All the troops were defeated and returned. Li Jing was very angry and sent envoys to take Chen Jue and Feng Yanlu to Jinling. Feng Yansi was the prime minister, and song Qiqiu summoned Taifu from Jiuhua Mountain to intercede for them, so he exiled Chen Jue to Qizhou, Feng Yanlu to Shuzhou. Han Xizai wrote an admonition to kill Chen Jue and others. Song Qiqiu hated Han Xizai and denounced him as Hezhou Sima. In the same year, Khitan captured the capital, and the Central Plains had no owners, while Li Jing was too tired to go north because of Chen Jue and other soldiers in the southeast. In the imperial history, Cheng Jiang Wenwei impeached Prime Minister FENG Yansi and remonstrated official Wei Cen for disorderly government, which was the same crime as Chen Jue but not demoted. Li Jing was very angry. He answered Jiang Wenwei's Memorial and demoted him to join the army as a Jiangzhou official. Let alone Feng Yansi as Shaofu and Wei Cen as the prince.
Go out for help
In the fifth year of Baoda (947), Li Jing took his younger brother Li jingsui as the emperor's younger brother, Li Jingda as the marshal and became the king of Qi, and Li Hongji, the son of Nanchang, as the deputy marshal and the king of Yan. When Khitan sent envoys to visit, Jia Tan, Minister of the Ministry of war, paid a return visit.
In the sixth year of Baoda (948), Li ShouZhen rebelled in the middle of the river and sent his guest General Zhu Yuan to ask for help. Li Jing sent Li Jinquan, the governor of Runzhou, to the north of Shuyang. He heard that Li ShouZhen had failed and returned to his army. At that time, Liu Chengyou, the hidden emperor of the later Han Dynasty, was young and the Central Plains was weak. Most of the thieves in Huaibei sent money and goods to Li Jing. Li Jing sent huangfuhui out to sea and Si Zhou to recruit them.
The destruction of Southern Chu
In the eighth year of Baoda (950), Fuzhou made a rumor that "Wu Yue garrison rebelled, killed Li Renda and fled." Send someone to ask Zha Wenhui, the Jianzhou governor. Zha Wenhui and Chen Yao, the Jianzhou governor, take a boat from the Minjiang River. Fuzhou was welcomed by soldiers. Chen Yu said: "there are many deceitful people in Fujian, which is hard to believe. We should garrison on the Bank of the river and plot slowly." Zha Wenhui said: "after a long time, there will be changes. Take advantage of the fact that they haven't settled down, take them as soon as possible." Chen Yu was stationed at the mouth of the tunjiang river. When he entered the west gate, an ambush broke out and Zha Wenhui was arrested. Chen Shu fought with the Yue people, defeated them and captured the General Ma Xianjin. Li Jing returns Ma Xianjin to Yue, and Yue also returns Zha Wenhui to Li Jing. In the same year, the southern Chu monarch Ma Xiguang killed his younger brother Ma Xigou, and Ma Xigou stood on his own.
In the autumn of the ninth year of Baoda (951), the Chu people imprisoned Ma Xie in Hengshan, established his younger brother Ma Xichong, attached to Li Jing, and caused chaos in southern Chu. Li Jing sent the governor of Xinzhou bianhao to attack the southern Chu, the capital of Southern Chu, Tanzhou (now Changsha, Hunan), and the southern Chu perished. Li Jing took maxi'e as Hongzhou Jiedushi, maxi'chong as Shuzhou Jiedushi and bianhao as Hunan Jiedushi.
In the 10th year of Baoda (952), Hongzhou was divided into Gaoan, Qingjiang, Wanzai and Shanggao counties, and Junzhou was set up. Taking Feng Yansi and Sun Ji as the left and right servants, they shoot Tongping Zhangshi. Liu Sheng, the emperor of the Southern Han Dynasty, took advantage of the southern Chu rebellion and captured GUI Guan. Li Jing sent General Zhang Luan to fight for it, but he did not conquer it. The land of Chu was recently pacified, and the Treasury was empty. Feng Yansi, the prime minister, did not want to charge the Southern Tang Dynasty for conquering Southern Chu,
Chinese PinYin : Li Jing