Foolish Old Man
Yugong is a character in Chinese mythology and the protagonist of the story of Yugong moving mountains. It is often used to describe a person who has perseverance and is not afraid of difficulties. Da Ai Fu written by Wanchun in Ming and Xia Dynasties: "people are crazy about drumming officials, but people are crazy about laughing at Yugong. "Mao Zedong used the story of Yugong moving mountains to inspire and educate the people to carry forward the spirit of hard struggle.
Explanation of words
the determination to win victory and the courage to surmount every difficulty
”The protagonist of the story. It is also used to refer to a person who has perseverance and is not afraid of difficulties.
Song xinqiji's poem "Yu Lou Chun: rhyme to answer Fu yansuo's ye zhongqichao's Zhao Guoxing" says: "Qingshan doesn't know how to go by the cloud. I'm afraid you will be surprised by Yugong."
In the Da Ai Fu written by Wanchun in Ming and Xia dynasties, it is said that "people are crazy about drummers, but the world is crazy about fools." clear
Chen Weisong's "song of Dongxian · Shanquan cave" said: "the sky wind suddenly falls, breaking the green and red cocoons, Kuafu and Yugong cutting at public expense."
2. Generally refers to the recluse.
Tang Gaoshi's Fengqiu poem: "it's hard to be suitable for prefectures and counties, but the way of Yunshan is poor. If you try to figure out the crafty officials, you can thank Yugong for his kindness. "
Tang Dufu's poem "to the ten brothers of Xiaolang in Bibu" is: "Yangxu in zhongsan mountain, Yegu village in Yugong." See Yugong valley.
[Yugong] see "Yugong's migration" in Shi Zi, Ministry of geography. Song Lu You's "snow night" says: "Dongguo can learn from shunzi a little, but Beishan doesn't dare to laugh at Yugong."
Myths and legends
Jiyuan, Henan Province, is the birthplace of the story of Yugong moving mountains. At the foot of Wangwu mountain, there is a man named Yugong, who is nearly 90 years old and lives directly opposite the mountain. He suffered from the obstruction in the northern part of the mountain area. He had to make a detour when he came out and went in. So Yu Gong led his descendants to dig up the mountain. In the end, the story is full of romanticism. Because of the undeveloped productivity and Natural Science in ancient times, people often imagined that they could have superhuman power to help them move mountains and fill the sea and conquer nature. Therefore, people used romantic artistic imagination to write "the God of snake" and heard that Yugong would never stop digging mountains, so they were afraid of harm. They told "the emperor of heaven" about this, and "the emperor felt his sincerity", so they sent two powerful men They carried the two mountains away.
According to the investigation, there are traces of "Yugong village" and "Yugong well" in Wangwushan area of Jiyuan, Henan Province, and many related legends are spread among the masses, which has precious academic research value.
The ancient essay "Yugong moves mountains"
Taihang Mountain and Wangwu mountain are 700 Li and 10000 Ren high. They are located in the south of Jizhou and the north of Heyang.
The Yugong of Beishan is 90 years old and lives in the mountains. Punishing the fortress in the north of the mountain and the circuitous way in and out of the mountain, they gathered in the room and made a plan, saying: "I and you are able to level off the danger, which means (connecting" straight ") to the south of Henan and to Hanyin. Is that ok?" Miscellaneous (1) ran xiangxu.
His wife doubted and said, "with the power of the king, we could not damage the mound of Kuifu (2), such as Taihang and Wangwu? How can we set up a scholar's stone Za said: "to the end of the Bohai Sea, to the north of the hidden earth."
So he led his son and grandson to carry the burden of Sanfu, and then he knocked on the rocks to reclaim the soil and transported it to the end of the Bohai Sea. She is the widow of her neighbor, Jing Cheng's family. She has a male left behind. She (3) jumps to help her. The cold and summer seasons are easy, and the first one is reversed.
The wise old man in Hequ stopped laughing and said, "what's wrong, you will not benefit me! With the rest of our life, we can't destroy one of the mountain's hairs. It's like earth and stone! "
Yugong Changxi of Beishan said: "you have a firm heart. You can't break it. You were not a widow or a weak child. Although my death, there are sons, sons and grandsons, sons and grandsons, sons and grandsons, sons and grandsons, infinite Kui also, and mountains do not increase, why is it hard and unfair? " The wise old man died in Hequ.
When the snake Master heard it, he was afraid of it and told the emperor. The emperor felt his sincerity and ordered the two sons of kuae'e to take charge of the two mountains, one house (4) in the East and one house in the south. From then on, there was no monopoly in the south of Hebei Province and the Yin of Han Dynasty (5).
——————Liezi: Tang Wen
(1) Miscellaneous: all.
(2) Kuifu: the name of Xiaoshan.
(3) 龀: change your teeth.
(4) House: through the "measures" placement, placement.
(5) Monopoly: highland.
Taihang Mountain and Wangwu mountain are seven hundred Li on each side, with a height of seven or eight thousand Zhang. They used to be located in the south of Jizhou and on the North Bank of the Yellow River.
There was a man named Yugong in Beishan. He was nearly 90 years old and lived in front of the mountain. Yugong suffered from the traffic jam in the north of the mountain, so he had to go around for a long time. So Yu Gong called the whole family together and said, "I'll try our best to level the two mountains so that they can reach the south of Yuzhou and the South Bank of the Han River, OK?" Everyone agreed with him. Yu Gong's wife asked a question and said, "with your strength, even Kuifu's earth mountain is not smooth. What about Taihang and Wangwu? What's more, where can we put the earth and rock? " Everyone said: "throw the earth and stone to the edge of the Bohai Sea, to the north of the hidden earth." So Yu Gong took three of his sons and grandsons, who were able to carry the burden, to chisel stones, dig soil, and transport them to the edge of the Bohai Sea with dustpan. The neighbor's widow, whose family name is Beijing, has an orphan. She is just seven or eight years old and jumps to help them. Winter and summer season, just a round trip.
The wise old man in Hequ stopped Yu Gong with a smile and said, "you are not smart. With the rest of your years, you can't destroy a grass on the mountain. What about the earth and stone? " Yu Gong of Beishan sighed and said, "you are so stubborn that you can't change your mind. You are not as stubborn as a widow or a weak child. Even if I die, there will still be a son. The son will have a grandson, and the grandson will have a son. The son will have a son, and the son will have a grandson. There is no end to the number of children and grandchildren, but the mountain will not increase in height. Why worry about digging injustice? " Hequ wise old man had no words to answer.
When the Mountain God heard about it, he was afraid that he would keep digging down and report it to the emperor of heaven. The emperor was moved by his sincerity and ordered kuae's two sons to carry two mountains. One is in the east of Shuofang, and the other is in the south of Yongzhou. From then on, there were no mountains in the south of Jizhou and the north of the Han River.
Yugong village, located in Wangwu Town, Jiyuan demonstration area, is the origin of the story of Yugong moving mountains. The area is 11 square kilometers, with 1620 mu of cultivated land, 280 mu of converted farmland to forest and 3000 mu of woodland. There are 10 resident groups, 361 households and 1476 people in the village. The main income sources of residents are vegetable seed production, forest and fruit, and tourism services.
The old fable of Yugong moving mountains is well known. The origin of Yugong Yishan spirit, Wangwu mountain scenic spot, Yangtai palace, Daojing square, Wangwu old street and other important scenic spots and buildings are all located in Yugong village. Since 2018, relying on Jiyuan's tourism brand of "one mountain, one water and one spirit", Yugong village has made full use of its unique tourism advantages, identified "tourism +" industrial development projects, guided villagers to transform from traditional crops to rural leisure and holiday tourism, comprehensively launched "farmhouse" rural tourism, developed rural eco-tourism, cultural sightseeing and leisure tourism, and operated rural hotels and tourist souvenirs , fruit picking garden, engaged in tourism transportation, established Yugong hometown Cultural Tourism Co., Ltd., actively explored the employment mode of "labor force + labor export + job training", made use of property management and labor export working mechanism, created employment and entrepreneurship service circle, made villagers get rich in local employment and increased income, and successively won the National Forest Village, Jiyuan "top ten Tourism Villages" and "top ten Tourism Villages"“ Four beautiful villages ", jiyuan Rural Revitalization demonstration village, is in recent years net red punch card, Jiyuan global tourism model.
Yugong village began to develop farmhouse tourism in 2004, transforming from sightseeing tourism to leisure, experience and cultural tourism. Most of the upgraded farmhouse are three-story villas. The indoor dining room is spacious, the bedroom has a bathroom, the upstairs and downstairs are clean and tidy, and the outdoor is also planted with local characteristic flowers and plants, honeysuckle, mint, morning glory, which is poetic and picturesque. Yugong village has more than 60 farmhouses, more than 600 beds, and all kinds of facilities are complete. It can receive large-scale tourism teams and taste the original delicious wild vegetables. In addition to the development of agritainment, the villagers also rely on Wangwu old street to do business.
Wangwu old street "mountain and sea mirage" night tour project, with fire Yugong village "night economy". More and more tourists come here to see the night scenery. Yugong village has also built a new tourist post station, including catering operation, accommodation service, tourist souvenirs, local products display and sales. It can also provide free services such as consultation, rest, charging, fitness and so on. It is equipped with tourist toilets, 800 square meters parking lot, and small retail supermarket. Today, seven out of 10 residents in Yugong village eat "tourism food", and 90% of the village's income comes from tourism. In the past, people in Yugong village ran to do business outside the mountain. Now, not only do these people perform "Phoenix returns to nest", but also people outside the mountain throw "olive branch" to Yugong village.
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