Feng Chengxiu (1702-1796) was born in meizhuang, Danzao, Nanhai County, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province. In the fourth year of Qianlong (1739) of the Qing Dynasty, he became a Jinshi, elected a good scholar, changed the head of the Ministry of official affairs, and became the Deputy examiner of Fujian Province in the 15th year of Qianlong. He was promoted to be a priest and doctor in the temple of the Ministry of rites. In the 18th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign, he took an examination in Sichuan; in the 24th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign, he supervised Guizhou. He once formulated academic rules and regulations, visited the examination institute, emphasized practical learning and corrected the style of writing. Soon, he was called back to Beijing. He returned in the year of 61 and taught Yuexiu and Yuehua academies in Guangzhou. He received hundreds of graduates and was known as "Mr. qianzhai" in the world. In the 60th year of Qianlong's reign, he went to Beijing to attend the "Lu Ming banquet". He died the following year, 95 years old.
Feng Chengxiu was honest and concerned about his hometown. In the summer and autumn of the 34th year of Emperor Qianlong's reign, there was a severe drought, and the rich accumulated, resulting in a sharp increase in the price of grain. Cheng Xiumi's malpractice has been eliminated and praised by the villagers. When Cheng Xiu was born, his father's foreign affairs did not return; at the age of 7, he lost his mother and was fostered by his uncle. When he grew up, Cheng Xiu often cried bitterly when he mentioned his father. Feng Chengxiu was an Enke Jinshi in the autumn and September of the first year of Qianlong. He was an academician of the Imperial Academy appointed by the emperor.
After he became an official, he asked for leave twice and went back to his hometown to look for his father's whereabouts. In his 80s, he thought that his father was 101 years old and wanted to die, so he changed to be filial for three years. At that time, Cheng Xiu was called "Feng Xiaozi". His works include yangzhenggui, xueyongjiyao, Zhuanyao, wenjiwenshi, etc.
After his death, he was buried in the bank sanatorium on Hengfu road in Guangzhou. The tomb was found in November 2006. The scale of the tomb is quite grand, which is composed of ground buildings and underground tombs. A pair of cylindrical granite "Yunlong Huabiao" is erected on the East and west sides of the ground building of Jitai, which is 4 meters high. The whole body is decorated with relief Yunlong pattern. The head of the dragon is high, and the body of the dragon is hidden in the clouds, which is magnificent and lifelike.
During the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, Feng Chengxiu, a talented man in Danzao of Nanhai, was poor. At the age of seven, he went to the neighboring village as an apprentice. It was the Dragon Boat Festival. A sister-in-law in a neighborhood bought chicken food and wine. She wanted to go back to her mother's house to visit her parents. Unexpectedly, it rained heavily until noon. The sister-in-law was about to set out, but she was stopped by the sister-in-law next door, saying that she would invite her grandson's full moon chicken wine. My sister-in-law couldn't refuse, so she had to eat chicken wine before going back.
It's time to drink chicken wine. The elder sister-in-law left in a hurry. As soon as she left the village, her husband came back face-to-face. He was eager to go home and get together. He changed the schedule to go back to his mother's house the next morning.
At this time, Cheng Xiu was cooking dinner in the kitchen. He was amused to hear his sister-in-law talking about it in front of the door, so he began to sing a song:
She combs her hair in a bun, wears flowers, and dresses up to go abroad.
By chance, the God sprinkles the rain, which makes my mind confused.
After the rain, it's light to visit my parents.
Suddenly, I heard that I was invited by the neighbor's chicken wine, but I could not help it.
After drinking, I'll leave the cup for a while, and I'll be with you all.
He hurriedly went out and met his husband, who came back all the way.
Cheng Xiu sang and sang with relish. The old boss is tasting tea in the hall. He hears Cheng Xiu's singing, asks for details, and then asks his sister-in-law. That's true. His old boss thought that Cheng Xiu was seven years old and had not yet studied. He had such a brilliant talent and his future could not be limited.
Writing poems before the Emperor
After Feng Cheng became a Jinshi, he joined the imperial court and played chess with Emperor Qianlong. Once, when he was playing chess in the imperial garden, a crane flew in. Emperor Qianlong wanted to test Feng Chengxiu's talent and learning face to face, so he asked Feng to write poems. Without thinking about it, Cheng Xiu wrote: "a crane flies in the distance, cinnabar is the top, and snow is the clothing." The onlookers were secretly admiring. Unexpectedly, before the last two sentences were written, the crane had already flown over the royal garden. Emperor Qianlong looked up and saw that it was a gray black crane, so he said to Feng Chengxiu, "it's a gray black crane. The Qing family wrote poems with a white crane. Isn't it suspected of deceiving the king?" Cheng Xiuxian was stunned. He immediately calmed down and pondered a little. He turned his pen and then wrote, "only because of the late return of pecking, he entered Xizhi's inkstone pool by mistake." People were amazed.
Another time, Emperor Qianlong led his ministers to visit the south of the Yangtze River. It was late spring, and the sun was setting in the West. There is an unintelligible minister who blurts out: "catkins are flying, and pieces of them are red.". After listening, everyone said, "no, no! How can catkins be red? " Emperor Qianlong asked Feng Chengxiu. Cheng Xiu said calmly, "sentence is a good one. If you don't know something, I'll read out the whole poem: "Twelve bridges and twelve winds, the column faces the east of the river. The setting sun reflects on the peach blossom cave, and catkins come in red. " The minister who uttered the sentence was relieved.
Reading condolence words
When his mother died, Emperor Qianlong ordered the prime minister to preside over the funeral. The prime minister was always jealous of Feng Chengxiu's talent, and his followers were so.
At the beginning of the funeral ceremony, the prime minister deliberately welcomed a roll of white paper to Cheng Xiu and asked him to read his condolence. Cheng Xiu thinks that the emperor did not ask him to write a condolence speech, but why he wanted to read it himself. He can't help suspecting. When he took the white paper and looked at it, he realized that it was the ghost stirred by the prime minister. Fortunately, he was quick witted. He picked up the white paper and read aloud
The rain shed tears on the sky and thunder made the emperor sad.
The Manchu Dynasty knelt down, and the mother of the nation went to the stage.
When Emperor Qianlong heard this, he secretly asked Cheng Xiu to hand in the paper. Only then did he understand that the prime minister intended to ridicule Cheng Xiu.
Self titled celebration couplet
Mr. Feng qianzhai is a native of Nanhai, Guangdong Province. As a young herdsman, he dreams of holding a fan as a barrier to the sun. There are four words on the fan: "learning politics in Guizhou". Because he studied hard, he began to travel in Xiangxiang at the age of 34, and became a scholar in Xianshu at the age of more than 40. He joined hands with other scholars, such as Shuchang, Gaibu Cao, Dian Shu, and Dian min. he won the title of LAN Shengcai yuan. First, it was a classic examination of Wang An's book of history. The reward must be Zhongyuan. Because of the disagreement with the main examiner, the book of history said, "Gu Zhizhi. I don't believe that this person is not worth the yuan. " After 20 years of reading, the results are clear. Shangshu is very happy, but LAN is old. He was born in Guizhou Province, where he had a bad academic record. A good paper has eight parts. It began to die in more than 90 years. During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, Ren Yin and his wife were all in good health. At the end of the reign of Zhou Jia, relatives and friends gathered together to celebrate the ceremony. They made the ceremony of making a candle to pay homage to each other
The son may not be Xiao, the sun may not be Xian. He has been famous for many times, only entertaining the old people;
How can a husband be just and a wife be obedient? They are so lucky to invite their family members to come back.
The congratulatory couplet from his foreign family said:
The old aunt learned how to be a bride. She wore a bun in a high bun. How could she ever lose to a young woman.
My father-in-law is a good son-in-law. He twists his shrimp whiskers with a smile. He is so romantic that he is better than Tanlang.
To Qianlong Renzi, go back to Luming, Xunmei talk.
In Yimao, the 60th year of Qianlong reign, there were four people who went to the banquet of Lu Ming in Xiangwei: Cheng Xiu, fengqianzhai, Guangdong, zhonglong, chenyunzhong, Hubei, youtang, lixihua, Jiangxi and Yuhao, fengmengting, Zhejiang.
Qiaodui Qianlong couplet
The Jade Emperor's March, thunder drum, cloud flag, rain arrow, wind sword, heaven array
Dragon King night banquet, star lights, moon candles, mountain food, sea wine for the plate
The first couplet was written by Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty, and the second couplet was written by Feng Chengxiu. It's impossible to talk about the Dragon King's night banquet, where the stars are used as lights and the moon as candles, the dishes are piled like mountains, the wine is as much as sea water, and the earth is used as a plate to hold things. But it doesn't give people the feeling of impossibility, exaggeration without distortion, on the contrary, it makes the characteristics of things more prominent and distinct.
Chinese PinYin : Feng Cheng Xiu
Release Time:2022-01-27 01:56:17
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