Yang Yizeng (1787-1855) was a book collector in Qing Dynasty. The name is Yizhi, Zhitang, and Dongqiao. Liaocheng county city (now belongs to Liaocheng City Dongchangfu District) people. Born in a family of poetry and calligraphy. At the age of 17, he entered the county school. Daoguang two years (1822) in the Jinshi. At first, he was the magistrate of Libo County in Guizhou Province, then the Tongzhi of Songtao Zhili hall and the magistrate of Guiyang Prefecture. In the process of clearing up the backlog of official documents, a suspected case of bribery and killing innocent people by mistake was found, that is, finding out the facts of the case, re examining and punishing it, punishing the original murderer, and showing snow for the victims.
Jiaqing 24 years (1819) Ju Ren, Daoguang 2 years (1822) Jinshi, later went to Guizhou has been Libo, Guizhu county magistrate, Xingyi, Guiyang magistrate, and then Zuojiang Guangxi, Hubei Anxiang Jingyun member. Chen Xudao took office in Henan Province. When he was in Henan Province, during the flood season of the Yellow River, he led people to urge the reinforcement of dams and inspect the flood situation, so as to protect the local people from floods. Later, he was promoted to salt transportation envoy of Huaihe River and Huaihe River, according to inspection envoy of Gansu Province, and political envoy of Shaanxi Province. When he was in Shaanxi, he was very friendly with Lin Zexu, governor of Shaanxi. Daoguang 29 years (1848) was promoted to Jiangnan River governor and water transport governor. In 1855, Xianfeng died in qingjiangpu, Jiangsu Province,
Daoguang 18 years (1838) for his father's funeral, home began to build "Haiyuan Pavilion" library. Fu Kai was transferred to Chen Xu, a Taoist official in Kaifeng, Henan Province. Later, he was transferred to Lianghuai salt transportation envoy and Gansu ancha envoy. He was promoted to governor of Shaanxi Province and governor of Shaanxi Province. Later, he acted as the general manager of Shaanxi Gansu Province and governor of Jiangnan river. As an official, he attached importance to education first, and then to punishment and administration. He was known as "the style of following officials in the Han Dynasty". His posthumous title is duanqin. Buried in the west of Liaocheng Tianjiazhuang.
Yang Yizeng loved collecting books all his life. As early as when he was studying, he was determined to collect books. In the fifth year of Daoguang (1825), he began to collect rare and secret books of song and Yuan Dynasties. After entering the official career, he changed his position for many times, made friends with scholars, contacted and collected many rare ancient books. In 1838, he was in mourning for his father, and began to build the "Haiyuan Pavilion" library when he was at home. In 1840 (the 20th year of Daoguang), with the help of the writers Mei Zengliang and Bao Shichen, he built the library. He named the library Haiyuan pavilion after the words "river before sea" in Xueji. At that time, the Qing government was corrupt, the society was turbulent, and the ancient books collected by bureaucrats were often scattered among the people. Yang Yizeng used the convenience of being an official to travel between Wu and Yue. He collected almost all the important local documents preserved for hundreds of years and transported them to Liaocheng by ship along the canal. Yang Yizeng also bought a lot of private precious books through various relations and channels. At the time of the Taiping Rebellion, he was working in qingjiangpu, Jiangsu Province, and bought most of the books collected by Huang pilei, a famous book collector in Suzhou. The Huang family was a member of the family of Ju Ren during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. They liked to collect books. They collected more than 100 kinds of books from Song Dynasty. They specially collected one room, which was called "one shop of Song Dynasty", also known as "book collection of scholar Li Ju". Yang Yizeng obtained Huang's collection of books, which laid a preliminary foundation for Haiyuan pavilion's collection of books. After that, he acquired the collection of Bao's "zhiinsufficiently study", Qin's "shiyanzhai", Wyeth's "Hongdou villa", Fang's "bilinlang library", and some famous books collected by Jiangdu Wang Rongfu, Haining Chen Zhongyu, Yanghu sun Yuanru, Daxing Zhu Zhujun, etc. he set up a special library called "Songcun library" to collect Tianshui's old books, and attached them with yuan, school and Yingsong manuscripts. Later, he got the song editions of Mao Shi, San Li, Shi Ji, Han Shu, Hou Han Shu, and San Guo Zhi, and ordered his office to say, "the four classics and four histories of Zhai", which made the collection of Haiyuan Pavilion increasingly prosperous.
Book collection and arrangement
When Yang Yizeng collected and purchased books, he paid special attention to identifying the authenticity and collection value of books. Most of them were identified by scholars and connoisseurs such as Mei Zengliang, Gao Junru and Wu Xizai. Therefore, most of the books he purchased have high collection value. Bao Shichen in Jingxian County became a writer. Later, he hired Bao Shichen into his shogunate to identify ancient books, calligraphy and paintings for him. More than 100000 volumes of books have been collected successively, and the library is "Haiyuan Pavilion", which means "those who can get what they want from the sea". On the upper floor, there is a collection of song, yuan, Ming, and early Qing editions, palace editions, and manuscripts. On the other hand, there are pastes, antiques, calligraphy and paintings stored in the backyard of the pavilion. All the five rooms are full of buildings. In addition, there was a "Songcun library", which was named "the studio of four classics and four histories" because of the book of songs, Shangshu, Chunqiu, Yili, Shiji, Hanshu, Houhanshu and the annals of the Three Kingdoms. During the Xianfeng Period, most of the book collectors in Jiangsu and Zhejiang were unable to defend themselves. He took the opportunity to buy most of the books collected by Huang pilei, a famous book collector, and some of the books collected by famous domestic scholars, such as Bao's "Zhi Bu Zhai", Qin's "Shi Yan Zhai", Hui's "Hongdou villa", Fang's "bilinlang library", as well as Jiangdu's Wang Rongfu, Haining's Chen Zhongyu, Yanghu's sun Yuanru, Daxing's Zhu Zhujun, The grain was transported to Lu by ship, which changed the pattern of our country's book collection centered on the south of the Yangtze River. In the history of China's book collection, it stood side by side with the "iron Qin and copper sword" of the Qu family in Changshu of the south of the Yangtze River, which was called "South Qu and North Yang".
His son Yang Shaohe wrote Ying Shu Ou Lu, published Haiyuan Ge series, and Jiang Biao wrote a preface to his song yuan Ben Shu Shu Shu Shu Shu Shu. From Yang Shaohe and Yang Baoyi to Yang Jingfu, the collection of books was looted by warlords and bandits in 1930, and most of them lost money. Many of them were scattered in other places. After sorting out by Wang Xiantang and others, it belongs to Jinan library. Chen dengyuan's collection of ancient and modern books in exile is very detailed. Fu Zengxiang is the author of Haiyuan Pavilion collection summary. Influence of book collection
In particular, Huang pilei in Suzhou had the largest collection of books. Its "Haiyuan Pavilion" is also known as Lu Xinyuan's "Chen Song Pavilion", Qu Shaoji's "Tieqin Tongjian Pavilion" and Ding Guodian's "8000 volume Pavilion", and is also known as the four modern library. Haiyuan Pavilion series was published. Yang Shaohe, Yang Yizeng's son, and Yang Baoyi, Yang Yizeng's grandson, are both devoted to the cause of book collection. "They have inherited the family studies, specialized in books, collected ancient books, and spared no effort to collect rare books and fine proofread names, but they are collected in Liaocheng." His son, Yang Shaohe, was the editor and assistant reader of the Imperial Academy, and was also the collector of the "Leshan hall" in the Qing Dynasty. His grandson, Yang Baoyi, was once the editor of the general Records Bureau of Shandong Province, which increased the collection of books. (Liu Jieping's the outline of Yang's Haiyuan Pavilion library and its preservation after the disaster) makes the Haiyuan Pavilion library more prosperous on the basis of Yang Yizeng's collection. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, Haiyuan Pavilion had 3236 kinds of books, more than 200000 volumes, becoming one of the four famous private libraries in China.
There are dozens of books printed in the collection, such as "Yang Dongqiao has read", "Dongjun Yang's gold and stone seal of calligraphy and painting", "guanxi Jiedu history", "Yang's Bozi", "Zhitang", "Yinghai Qianban", "four classics and four histories Zhai". He wrote "tuisilu Wencun" and later generations compiled "Yang duanqin Gong Zushu".
Most of the books in Haiyuan Pavilion were lost during the warlords' War and Japanese invasion, while a few were kept in Beijing Library and Shandong library. In 1986, the people's Government of Liaocheng (now Dongchangfu District) rebuilt Haiyuan Pavilion at the site of Yang's house.
Chinese PinYin : Yang Yi Zeng
Release Time:2022-01-27 01:56:09
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