Huchang, also known as huhegan Town, was born in October 1935 in Huchang County, Anhui Province. He studied in private school when he was young, and then went to Chengguan Zhimin primary school and Hefei provincial No.1 middle school. He was admitted to China University in Beijing in 1919. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1925. He has been engaged in secret revolutionary work in Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin for a long time. In 1930, he presided over the "Great Wall news agency" in Tianjin and fought with Li Kenong and Qian Zhuangfei in key enemy departments. In 1931, he went to Jiangxi central revolutionary base and successively served as director of the reconnaissance Department of the State Political Security Bureau of the central government of the Soviet Republic of China, special commissioner of the field command of the Central Revolutionary Military Commission, and director of the executive department of the Red Army Work Department of the state Political Security Bureau. As an excellent intelligence officer of the special branch of the CPC Central Committee, he joined the party affairs investigation section of the Central Party Department of the Kuomintang. Risking his life, he went deep into the dragon's den and delivered a lot of secret information of the enemy. Zhou Enlai praised him as "Longtan three heroes". In 1935, the Red Army was killed by Zhang Guotao during the long march.
Life of the characters
Seeking a career as a student
In 1905, he was born in Shucheng County, Anhui Province on March 10. When he was young, he went to a private school with his uncle Hu Jizhang.
In 1910, he went to Shucheng Chengguan Zhimin primary school.
In 1921, he was admitted to Hefei provincial No.2 Middle School.
In 1923, he was admitted to China University in Beijing after two years in middle school.
Take part in the revolution
In 1924, Hu Di was introduced by his classmate Wu Luming and met Qian Zhuangfei in Anhui guild hall in Beijing. Qian and his wife were studying in Beijing Medical College at that time. They have been close friends ever since. At that time, Qian Zhuangfei lived in Ping'an Li, Xicheng, Beijing, and Hu Di often came to talk with him.
In 1925, he joined the Communist Party of China with Qian Zhuangfei and Zhang Zhenhua.
In 1926, Qian Zhuangfei, Hu Di and Xu Guanghua jointly founded a film company, Guanghua film company.
In 1927, Chiang Kai Shek staged a "April 12" counter revolutionary coup. On April 28, Li Dazhao was killed by Zhang zuolin in Beijing. Hu Di and Qian Zhuangfei were also on the enemy's blacklist and wanted by the reactionary government. Hu Di was called to the police by the party organization and immediately changed his name to Hu Ma, with the word "north wind"; Qian Zhuangfei and he changed their names at the same time to "South fly". This winter, they left Beijing together and moved to Shanghai.
In the spring of 1928, in order to make a living, Hu Di applied to join Shanghai film company. At that time, Qian Zhuangfei had already entered the Shanghai radio administration, where Xu en was the former director, and was trusted by Xu. In December, Hu Di also worked in Shanghai radio administration.
In the spring of 1929, Hu Di worked in Zhejiang construction bureau. Before long, he returned to Shanghai with Qian Zhuangfei. In December of the same year, the central special commission decided to send him, Li Kenong and Qian Zhuangfei into the top secret service organization of the Kuomintang. He first presided over "Minzhi news agency" in Nanjing, then went to Tianjin to set up "Great Wall news agency", and then transferred to Nanjing central hotel to set up "Changjiang news agency", providing a large number of important military confidential information for the Party Central Committee and red base areas.
In 1930, Hu Di was sent to Tianjin to build the Great Wall news agency. This is a branch of Kuomintang secret service in the North under the jurisdiction of Nanjing Changjiang news agency. Hu Di became president. Every time Nanjing and Tianjin had emergency information, Qian Zhuangfei and Hu Di immediately reported to Li Kenong in Shanghai, who, through Chen Geng, promptly transmitted it to the CPC Central Committee.
In April 1931, Gu Shunzhang was arrested and defected. He Chengjun, director of the KMT's Wuhan camp, and the secret service continuously reported Gu Shunzhang's defection telegrams to Chiang Kai Shek and Xu enzeng. On the night of April 25, he was intercepted by Qian Zhuangfei in the "headquarters" of the investigation department. He immediately sent people to Shanghai to report to the CPC Central Committee. After Zhou Enlai, Chen Yun and other leaders took emergency measures, the leaders of the CPC Central Committee, the Jiangsu provincial Party committee of the CPC Central Committee and the organs of the Communist International in Shanghai all quickly and safely transferred, so that the party organization avoided a major disaster.
At this time, Hu Di was still in Tianjin. On the night of Gu Shunzhang's mutiny, Li Kenong sent a telegram to Hu Di in code language: "Hu Di, Ke Chao is ill." "Ke" means Li Kenong, "Chao" means Qian Chao, the alias of Qian Zhuangfei, "diedu" means that the situation is serious and immediate action must be taken. Hu Di received a telegram and left Tianjin on a foreign ship. After Hu Di left Tianjin, in the early morning of April 30, 1931, Kuomintang agents colluded with Japanese concession houfang and rushed to the Great Wall news agency to search. At that time, Li Kenong and Qian Zhuangfei, who had sneaked into Shanghai from Nanjing, had already hidden themselves in Zhabei area of Shanghai.
Suffering and sacrifice
In August 1931, Hu Di left Shanghai with Qian Zhuangfei for the Central Soviet area. Li Kenong arrived in the Central Soviet area a little later. After entering the Soviet Area, they have been in charge of political security, Li Kenong as the director of national security, Qian Zhuangfei as the director of political security of the Red Army, and Hu Di as the chief of interrogation section of the executive department of the political security bureau.
In October 1934, when the Central Red Army began its long march, Hu Di became the chief of the reconnaissance section of the Central Military Commission.
On June 12, 1935, the first front army of the Red Army and the Fourth Front Army of the red army joined forces in Dawei area of MaoGong, Sichuan Province. In August, the headquarters of the Red Army divided the Red Army into two routes: the left Route Army and the right route army. Zhu De, commander in chief of the Red Army, Zhang Guotao, chief political commissar, and Liu Bocheng, chief of staff, followed the left Route Army. But after the left route army arrived in Aba area in September, Zhang Guotao suddenly ordered all the left Route Army and a part of the right route army to go south and split with the Party Central Committee. Hu Di, who worked with Zhu De and Liu Bocheng in the left Route Army, was extremely dissatisfied with Zhang Guotao's separatist behavior and often showed his resentment on some occasions. When Zhang Guotao learned of this, he became angry. He framed him, Li Kenong and Qian Zhuangfei as "KMT secret agents", branded him as "counter revolutionary", strictly controlled him, cancelled his horse riding and service personnel, and forced him to march with his sick backpack. He was secretly killed with Xu Kejian (Li Xiannian's comrade in arms) in caohuasonggang area. Hu Di was only 30 years old when he died.
Hu Di is handsome, versatile, and has profound attainments in literature and art. He loves music and is good at acting. He specializes in martial arts movies. He once played the leading role in Kunlun bandit and is known as "Oriental fan Mingke" (fan Mingke is an American martial arts star). Hu Di is good at blowing, playing, playing and singing. His writing style is fluent and vigorous. His speech is humorous and humorous. He is sociable and helpful. As long as he has money, he will never be stingy. He is attractive in society. All these are the favorable conditions for him to enter the enemy's heart and gain trust.
After Hu Di came to Jiangxi Soviet Area, he was mainly engaged in political security and cultural education. In December 1931, pushed by the continuous victory of the Red Army against "encirclement and suppression" and the wave of national anti Japanese and anti Chiang Kai Shek, about 17000 people of the 26th Route Army of the Kuomintang revolted in Ningdu, Jiangxi Province, and was reorganized into the Fifth Corps of the Chinese workers' and peasants' Red Army. The Ningdu uprising added a new force to the Red Army, but it was a very hard and meticulous work to educate and transform them. For this reason, Comrade Mao Zedong, chairman of the Chinese Soviet government, asked Comrade Hu Di, Qian Zhuangfei and Li Bozhao to organize a performance team and a propaganda team to do their ideological work. Before leaving, Hu Di and other three comrades asked Chairman Mao for instructions. Chairman Mao instructed that first, they should stabilize their political mood. They used to fight for warlords, but now they are fighting for Soviets. He used to be a White army, but now he is a red army. Second, we should try every means to publicize to them who died in the past and who died now. According to Chairman Mao's instructions, Hu Di, Qian Zhuangfei and Li Bozhao edited and performed the play for whom to die. The main content is how a white soldier suffered and finally went to the Red Army. Hu Di plays a soldier in the play. Because the play can grasp the substantive issue of who to sacrifice for, and the excellent acting skills of Hu Di and other comrades, the performance was very successful, which aroused the resonance of the soldiers and greatly promoted the ideological education of the army. In addition, the comrades of the troupe mended their clothes and cared for their wounded, which deeply moved them. Later, the troupe went to the 15th army and the 13th and 14th army of Zuoquan to perform the play.
In order to educate the middle and senior officers of the original 26th Route Army, Hu Di and other comrades also performed plays with different contents and characteristics according to different objects and different levels of people. They performed "black slave hate" adapted from the Soviet drama "black people calling for heaven". This play is about how slave owners oppress slaves. On the surface, the play has nothing to do with China or the fifth Red Army. However, from the inhuman torture suffered by the slaves, a feeling of revenge for the slaves rose in the hearts of the officers, and many officers were moved to tears. Here, Hu Di's talent has been fully displayed. Later, in order to strengthen the propaganda work in the Soviet Area, Hu Di, together with Qian Zhuangfei, Li Bozhao and other comrades, prepared to build the "Gorky drama school", which trained a large number of propaganda and cultural workers for the Soviet area.
In the Soviet Area for more than three years, Hu Di devoted himself to the party's cultural and educational work with rich political content and lively art form. In the Red Army, he wrote the most plays. He not only organized the Red Army to carry out cultural and recreational activities, but also mobilized some cadres to write short and vigorous cadres
Chinese PinYin : Hu Bai Chang
Release Time:2022-01-27 01:55:56
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