Pei Changhui (1896-1992), born in a wealthy family of industrialists and businessmen, studied in Jizhi Primary School of Weixian County, Jiaolai Middle School of Gaomi County and Yuanyuan of Weixian county. He was honorary vice chairman of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang and a patriotic uprising general. Weicheng District, Weifang City. He graduated from the eighth Military College of Baoding military academy. After 1927, he successively served as the chief of staff of the fourth division of the Kuomintang, the head of the 47th division, the brigade commander, the deputy division commander, and the division commander. He led an uprising in Deyang, Sichuan Province on December 23, 1949, which made an important contribution to the cause of Chinese people's liberation. He has successively served as a member of the Central Committee of the democratic revolution, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the democratic revolution, chairman and honorary chairman of the Sichuan Provincial Committee of the democratic revolution, and vice chairman of the Chongqing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Life of the characters
the period of the war of Resistance Against Japan
Pei Changhui (1896-1992) was born in a wealthy family of businessmen in Wei County, Shandong Province. In his childhood, at the end of the Qing Dynasty, China was bullied by imperialist powers, and his Jiaodong Peninsula became the "sphere of influence" of Germany. The miserable experiences of the semi feudal and semi colonial people made him develop the idea of enriching the country and strengthening the army, opposing imperialism and joining the alliance led by Dr. Sun Yat Sen when he was in middle school. study in junior high school. During this period, he sprouted strong patriotism and joined the alliance. After graduating from middle school, with the ideal of saving the country through industry, he was admitted to Peking University of the Republic of China as a business preparatory course. He also took a pen to quit, and graduated from Baoding military academy No.8 and Army University No.6. He was first assigned to sun Chuanfang's Department, then transferred to the Kuomintang troops, and was promoted step by step from the lower level of military control. In 1918, the eighth phase of Baoding military academy enrolled students in Shandong Province. Pei Changhui applied to Baoding military academy and was admitted. After graduation, he was assigned to the second mixed brigade of Hubei Province as the probationary squad leader, and then promoted to the positions of platoon leader, company leader, Captain's staff officer, major's regiment deputy and so on. After 1927, he successively served as chief of staff of the fourth division, head of the 47th division, brigade commander, deputy division commander and division commander. In May 1929, Pei Changhui was appointed as the commander of the seventh regiment of the 141st brigade of the 47th division of the national revolutionary army. In 1931, he went to Liangcun village, Xingguo County, Jiangxi Province to take part in the "encirclement and suppression" of the Red Army. After the defeat, he retreated to Yongfeng and Jishui to recuperate. Since July 1936, Pei Chang will fight side by side with the Eighth Route Army to resist Japan. Since 1937, he has been deputy commander and commander of the Ninth Army, deputy commander in chief of the fourth group army, deputy commander of the first war zone, deputy director of Xi'an "appeasement" office and commander in chief of the fifth and seventh Corps. In July 1937, after the Lugouqiao Incident, Pei Changhui and his 47th division were ordered to go to Zhuoxian County, Hebei Province, on the Anti Japanese line, and first cooperated with the 30th army in the baigouhe area. In the face of the crazy attack of the well-equipped Japanese army with artillery group and chariots, and under the condition that the front-line friendly forces were losing, he led his troops to fight tenaciously and held fast to the battlefield for seven days and nights. He was ordered to break through the enemy's blockade line and transferred to Baoding Chengguan by Yi county. Then they moved to the highlands to the west of Yuanshi County and fought against the Japanese army's northward advance for many times. In late January 1939, Pei Changhui led the 47th division to stop the enemy in Hongdong and Guxian. After two and a half days of decisive battle, the enemy suffered serious losses, leaving only a few hundred people to flee in confusion. Since 1939, the Kuomintang has been stationed in Zhongtiao Mountain and Taihang Mountain with hundreds of thousands of troops of several group armies to prevent the enemy from advancing. At the same time, the enemy and the Communist Party should cooperate in guerrilla warfare. In this region, there are many miscellaneous troops, some of whom have unstable political tendencies and often have frictions with each other. Pei Changhui's Ninth Army had been stationed in this area for a long time, had a good relationship with the Communist army, had prestige in the local guerrilla forces, had done a lot of work in communication and dispute mediation, and played a positive role in promoting the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and uniting against Japan. In July 1940, Pei Changhui was promoted to the commander of the Ninth Army. According to the theater deployment, he led the Ninth Army to move east of Taiyuan to Wangwu mountain and Taihang Mountain, stationed in Jiyuan area of Northern Henan for a long time, cooperated with the Eighth Route Army to attack the enemy, and persisted until the spring of 1942. During this period, Chen Geng's troops were stationed in Zhongtiaoshan and persisted in the struggle behind the enemy's lines. Sometimes small teams from behind the enemy's lines are sent to the Ninth Army's defense area to ask for a short stay. Pei Changhui ordered his subordinates to give a warm reception and try their best to adjust and supply the food and ammunition they lacked. They had a good relationship. Not long after the beginning of the Anti Japanese War, Pei Changhui's hometown, Weixian County, was occupied. Pei's mother, his wife, and dozens of relatives moved with the army. At the end of 1944, they arrived in Luoyang and lived in Li village, 30 li away from Luoyang. During the battle of the Central Plains, Luoyang was frequently bombed by Japanese planes, and Li village could not live there. At this time, Pei was commanding the battle in the front line, only sending one of his entourage to take care of his relatives, passing through the mountains to enter a safe area, and then transferred to Xi'an. During the transfer, he encountered the enemy in muchaiguan. Because he had no defense ability, Pei's relatives were killed by the Japanese army. The second son was captured and was lucky to get out of danger.
The end of the Anti Japanese War
In April 1948, the troops under Pei Changhui's command took part in the campaigns to prevent the PLA from going south, such as hutishan and the battles to the north of Dali. due to the loss of troops in many battles, we had to retreat to Sichuan. When he retreated to Baoji, Pei Changhui met his friend Li Xisan, who had participated in the Communist Party in the past. They had deep feelings and had nothing to talk about. Li was extremely dissatisfied with Chiang Kai Shek's betrayal of his country and anti Communist Party and provoked a civil war. He said to Pei, "the purpose of revolution is for the rejuvenation of the country and the prosperity of the nation. A patriotic soldier should join the real revolutionary camp. The Communist Party of China has allowed and encouraged people in the reactionary camp to abandon the dark and turn to the light and make atonement for their meritorious deeds. " And said: "if you can trust me, you are willing to play." After repeated consideration, Pei Changhui felt that in the long run, the future of more than 100000 soldiers under his leadership was unimaginable, and he was determined to take the road of uprising. He decisively told Li Xisan: "as long as my troops are guaranteed in personal safety and can take their own place, all responsibilities in the civil war will be borne by me." He solemnly entrusted Li Xisan to try to go to Yan'an to contact the people's Liberation Army for uprising. In July 1949, Pei Changhui led his troops to shuangshipu at the junction of Sichuan Shaanxi highway and Sichuan Gansu highway. Because the terrain was very dangerous, he had the idea of uprising here, but he was not sure. In mid August, Li Xisan bypassed the blockade in the south of Hu Zong and sneaked back to shuangshipu from Xi'an. He sent a message to him: Yiye headquarters welcomed his uprising, expressed his understanding of his current situation, and conveyed the opinion of Hu Yaobang, director of the Political Department of the 18th Corps: since he did not grasp the whole Qiyi army, he had better wait for another chance. In late September 1949, Tao Zhiyue, commander of the Xinjiang police, led an uprising. On the evening of November 23, Pei forwarded the uprising telegram submitted to Chairman Mao and commander in chief Zhu to Li and Chen. Then Pei Jidian's troops revolted in Xiaoquan town. After 1950, Pei Changhui successively served as member of the National Defense Commission, member of the Southwest Military and political Commission, deputy director of the North Sichuan administrative office and director of the industry department, director of the southwest textile administration, vice mayor of Chongqing, deputy director of the fifth and sixth Sichuan Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee, and deputy chairman of the Chongqing Municipal People's Political Consultative Conference. He has successively served as a member of the Central Committee of the democratic revolution, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the democratic revolution, chairman and honorary chairman of the Sichuan Provincial Committee of the democratic revolution, and vice chairman of the Chongqing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China. In October 1950, after the completion of the training task of the uprising troops, they left for Tianshui and transferred to the Korean front line through Shaanxi.
During the army training period, Pei Changhui served as a member of the Southwest Military and Political Committee (later changed to southwest administrative committee) in April 1950 until June 1954. In June 1950, as an uprising general, Pei Changhui was specially invited to attend the second session of the first CPPCC National Committee and made a speech at the meeting. On June 23, Chairman Mao Zedong received Pei Changhui alone. Chairman Mao cordially inquired about the training and living arrangements of the uprising troops. Pei gave an answer and said with deep regret to Chairman Mao, "in March 1947, Hu zongnan and I invaded Yan'an, which affected more than a dozen counties in the border region and caused serious losses to the revolution. I can't afford the people. I'm sorry to the party. I should ask you for a guilty plea." Chairman Mao said wittily, "how are you? You paved the road outside the east gate of Yan'an with stones and built a rolling water bridge over the Yan River." Pei chang would say, "your collection of books was transported to Xi'an by the director of information. I'm very upset that I didn't keep them for you." Chairman Mao said: "my collection is all books of Marxism Leninism. I'm glad that he can read them and be a volunteer propagandist." Chairman Mao also talked with him about the party's policy towards the insurrectionists, encouraging him to study hard and serve the people well for the rest of his life. Before leaving, Chairman Mao also presented him with a copy of learning for transformation. In October 1950, Pei Changhui transferred to the northern Sichuan administrative office as deputy director and director of industry department. He also took charge of agriculture, forestry and transportation, and served as director of the northern Sichuan land reform commission. After the end of the northern Sichuan administrative office, he was transferred to the southwest textile administration as director. After the first level organ of southwest region was abolished, he was transferred to Chongqing as vice mayor and in charge of Light Industry Bureau until 1966. In the past ten years or so, he has been engaged in leading industrial production for half of his life in the military. He has learned everything from scratch, and he has learned it very seriously. Since 1954, Mr. Pei has been a deputy to the National People's Congress and vice chairman of the Chongqing Municipal Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference for a long time. In January 1952, Pei became chairman of the North Sichuan Branch of the national revolution. Since then, Pei has been the leader of the Sichuan provincial Party committee and Chongqing municipal Party committee of the national revolution, and has been the vice chairman and honorary vice chairman of the Central Committee of the national revolution. In assuming the leading position of the democratic revolution, he was very strict with himself, especially in accepting
Chinese PinYin : Pei Chang Hui
Release Time:2022-01-27 01:55:49
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